kept a Medical Journal from 27 October 1832 to 19 June 1833. He
joined the Diana at Woolwich on 14 November 1832 where 100
female convicts from various prisons and 20 settlers (9 from England
and 11 from Scotland) including children, were embarked.
Several prisoners brought children with them.....
(one aged 10, 1 aged 18 months);
Sarah Kerr (one aged 8, 1 aged
four years of age);
Sarah Thompson ( 1 child two years of age);
Mary Ann Howarth (one child 6 months of age);
Emmerson (one child 5 years old);
Margaret Wallace alias Murphy
(three children on board, the youngest 13 months old);
White alias Putney (1 on board 4 years of age);
Mary alias Ann
Jellyman (one child 2 years of age);
Elizabeth Wheatley alias
Ann Price ( one child 4 months old).
Free Passengers included Elizabeth Hardman, Maria Hayward, William
Hayward, Harriet Goodwin, Ellen Braddock, Sarah Braddock, Mary
Taylor, Lucy Taylor, Jane McMillan, Mary McMillan, Jane King, Mary
King, Isabella Ross, Donald Ross, Suclow Ross, John Ross, James Ross
and Ann Ross.
The Diana was the next
convict ship to leave England for New South Wales after the
departure of the
Andromeda in November 1832.
departed Woolwich on 11th December 1832. They were delayed at
Falmouth from 29 December until 3rd January 1833. The weather was
damp, foggy and extremely boisterous and catarrh, constipation and
sea sickness were prevalent. They sailed when the winds were again
favourable although the weather became unpleasant before they
reached the equator around 15th February. One patient Maria Jones,
died around this time. Constipation continued to plague the women
and after 80 days at sea, many were sallow and debilitated, and two
women Jane Pentland and Maria Robson showed signs of scurvy; and so
it was decided to put into the Cape of Good Hope to replenish
medicine and obtain fresh food.
They anchored at Table Bay
on 20th March and received fresh supplies - 18 live sheep and 500
lbs of vegetables. This change in diet improved their health so much
that there was little sickness for the remainder of the voyage and
no signs of scurvy, although they did not arrived in Sydney until
Saturday 25 May 1833, a voyage of 165 days.
suggested that female prisoners should be employed on voyages in
making their own clothes as a means of promoting good order. Since
many of the prisoners were ‘quite callous to any disgrace or
punishment’, Ellis suggested that part of the prison should be
railed off, or provision made to rail off individual berths, and the
worst characters locked up at night. On the Diana three berths were
set up in this way and proved effective. He considered the
confinement box supplied was insufficient since it held only one
person and was unsuitable for any length of time in warmer climates.
The only punishment the prisoners dreaded he thought, was having
their hair shaved off but it only seemed to make them worse!
The indents have details of those women who had relatives on
board or already in the colony. Some may have been fortunate enough
to be assigned to their relative or perhaps nearby..........
Mary Ann Mumford alias Horrigan - brother John Mumford arrived
five months previously
Margaret Wallace alias Murphy - son John
Murphy was also convicted; husband Denis and second son Richard came
Margaret also had her three youngest children with
Sarah Kerr's two eldest daughters Susan Kerr and Mary Kerr
were on board with her. Sarah was a schoolmistress and also brought
two younger children with her.
Elizabeth Buthee's husband
William Buthee coming free per Jupiter
Mary alias Ann Jellyman -
son James convicted at the same time arrived on the Planter in 1832
Elizabeth Walters' brother Joseph Jefferson convicted 18 years
previously, arrived per General Hewitt; son John Henry Walters
convicted at the same time as Elizabeth
One hundred women
were landed in Sydney on 10th June 1833 as an extra prisoner was
embarked at the Cape of Good Hope - Mina Magerman who had been
sentenced to 7 years transportation for manslaughter.
Notes & Links:
1). The Diana was one of five convict ships
bringing female prisoners to New South Wales in 1833, the others
A total of 639 female convicts arrived in the colony in 1833. Only
the Buffalo brought female prisoners who had been convicted
2). James Ellis was also surgeon on the convict
Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on Diana in 1833
Sick list of the convict ship Diana - National Archives