CONVICT SHIP LADY
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(Convicts and passengers from this
Select from the Links below to find
information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk Island
and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850
departed Dublin on 23 June 1835 with 300 prisoners.
Lieutenant Francis Plaistow Trapaud and G. Baumgartner, 28th
regiment, Mr. Michael Brown, clerk of works, Sydney, Mrs. Brown and
four children under twelve years, twenty nine rank and file of the
28th regiment, eight women and twelve children.
The Lady McNaughten was the next convict ship to leave Ireland for New South Wales after
the departure of thee
Backwell on 12th June 1835..
Some of the prisoners of the
Lady McNaughten may have been held inn Kilmainham gaol
prior to transportation........
.........The picture of Dublin: or, Stranger's guide to the
Irish metropolis By Curry, William, jun. (1835))
Although the surgeon's journal for the Lady
McNaughten does not seem to have survived, George Forman's attitude towards the
prisoners on the voyage of thee
Eden five years later gives an insight into methods
that were probably used on the voyage of thee Lady McNaughten.
He remarked in his journal on the
voyage of the Eden:: The system of management of the convicts
differed little in that I had adopted on former occasions....
ventilation and cleanliness forming the chief features while the
formation of cheerfulness and the affording of all possible
occupation to the convicts was practised as much as circumstances
would allow; the results were on the whole satisfactory.
The Lady McNaughten arrived in Port Jackson on 30
October 1835 with 298 male prisoners. Five men had been re-landed in
Dublin - James Tallant, Michael Cannon, Richard Mapother, James
Smith (alias Arnold) and William Healy; and two had died at sea -
Patrick Brady and Thomas Feehan. Another three men died in Sydney
Hospital in the weeks after arrival - James Molloy, Patrick Kelly
(alias Doyle) and Patrick Monks..
The convict indents reveal
information such as name, age, education, religion, marital status,
family, trade, offence, when and where tried, sentence, former
convictions, physical description, and colonial information e.g.,
tickets of leave, pardons, certificates of freedom and deaths. There
were some very young prisoners on thee Ladyy McNaughten--
Owen Fox and Richard Rourke were both 16 years old;;
John Flinn, John Hendrick and John Collins were all 15;;
Flinn, Thomas Guinness and Michael Shannon were 14;;
John Rourke was 13; and the youngest John Fitzsimmons, and
Patrick Morgan) were only 12 years old..
Many of the crimes
committed had been various forms of theft but there were also men
who had committed rape, violent assault and manslaughter. There were
those who had been transported for administering unlawful oaths --
Michael Dowling from Kildare and Edward Coggins and John
Fullit from Sligo and four men from Kings Co., were transported for
fire arms offences..
Five soldiers were also on this vessel.
All had been sentenced in Dublin for desertion or insubordination.
One, Samuel Anderson from Antrim had been punished for a previous
offence with 600 lashes..
This was the only voyage on which
thee Lady McNaughten was used as a convict transport. She
departed for Valparaiso late November 1835 and returned to the
colony in 1837 with 444 immigrants, fifty four of whom died of fever
and another thirteen in quarantine after arrival including the
Notes & Links::
1).. At Wexford
Assizes, Darby McEvoy was sentenced to 7 years transportation for
perjury before Baron Foster at the previous assizes. Patrick Byrne
and Patrick Larkin were found guilty of burning a dwelling house..Belfast Newsletter 17 March 18355
Duffey, an old
offender, for stealing several articles, the property of John Sloan,
at Belfast, on 18th February. This prisoner was also indicted for
stealing several articles, the property off Clotworthy Sterling, at
same time and place. The prisoner pleaded guilty to both
indictments, and was sentenced to seven years'
transportation....Thomas Flinn, for stealing a shawl, the property
of Rebecca Rollston, at Belfast, on 27th March; guilty. The
prisoners was a boy about 14 years of age, but had been several
times convicted of a similar offence; he was sentenced to seven
years' transportation. - Belfast Newsletter 14 April 18355
Dublin - The following prisoners who had been convicted at the
present commission were sentenced as follows::
for stealing wearing apparel; seven years' transportation..
Richard Burrowes and Samuel Heath for stealing some
military stores and weapons; seven years' transportation;;
William Burke for the highway robbery of Colonel Cator; sentence of death recorded. Previous to the passing of the sentence,
when asked had he any observations to make to the court, the
prisoner said that he thought there were circumstances in his case
which he hoped would entitle him to the merciful consideration of
the court. He had been induced to commit the crime to which he had
pleaded guilty by want; and had abstained from taking Colonel
Cator's watch, or more money than a few shillings, when he might
have done so. We have learned that the application of Mr. Justice
Burton to the government on behalf of James Lee, has been
successful, and that his sentence has been commuted from that of
death to transportation for life. - Freemans Journal 13 April
4). John Jones who arrived as a prisoner on thee
McNaughten was a compatriot of poet
Francis MacNamara. Together
they roamed the bush with three other men Edward Allen, William
Thomson and William Eastwood near Campbelltown in the early 1840's.
They were all captured in 1842 and sent to Van Diemen's Land..
5). Approximately eighty-six of the prisoners have been
identified residing in the Hunter Valley region in following years.
HERE to find more about Hunter Valley prisoners and passengers
of thee Lady McNaughten.
Convict Ships to NSW in 1835
George Forman was also employed as surgeon on the convict ships
Platina in 1837 (to VDL) and Pyramus in 1839 (to VDL)..
8). Convict ships bringing detachments of the 28th regiment included the
Marquis of Huntleyy,
Jardine and the
9). Soldiers of the 28th regiment stationed in Newcastle &
Maitland 1836 - 37..........