The Military Guard for
the Eden was embarked at Deptford on 27 June 1840
Eden then proceeded to Woolwich arriving on 30th June
where 150 convicts from the two hulks lying there were received on
board before the ship sailed to Sheerness on 1st July. 120 prisoners
were embarked from the hulks at Chatham on 3rd July, making a total
of 270 prisoners.
The Morning Advertiser
reported on the 12th July - On last Tuesday evening,
nineteen of the convicts, including the notorious
Gould, under sentence of transportation, now in the convict ship
Eden, at Sheerness, were found to have loosened their fetters
previous to making a desperate attempt to escape. A plank of the
bulk head, separating the convicts from the military guard, was also
found to have been started, so that it could be removed with very
little difficulty, and the aim of the convicts was doubtless to get
possession of the arms belonging to the soldiers. Gould is now
confined in a separate place of security; he is said to have
declared that, let them try what they like, they shall not take him
out of the country. Nine of the crew of the Eden having refused to
obey orders according to their articles have been sent to Maidstone.
The Eden departed Sheerness on 10th July 1840. On the 3rd
of August the ship left Santa Cruz after a stay of three days during
which time the water was completed and fresh provisions procured.
The N.E. Trade winds continued until near the Cape Verde Islands
after which rain set in for the rest of the month. They crossed the
Equator on the 31st August 1840.
George Ellery Forman kept a Medical Journal from 17 June to 30
November 1840. .......
The system of management of the
convicts differed little in that I had adopted on former
occasions.... ventilation and cleanliness forming the chief features
while the formation of cheerfulness and the affording of all
possible occupation to the convicts was practised as much as
circumstances would allow; the results were on the whole
satisfactory, though I think that more cases requiring medical
treatment occurred than I had previously met with; this remark more
particularly applied to the month of October during which period the
change of climate was sudden and the weather particularly
unfavourable to cleanliness, exercise and comfort in general. It was
under the last mentioned circumstances that symptoms of scurvy
manifested themselves in a light grade and but with a single
exception the disease gradually wore away as the weather improved.
The Eden arrived in Port Jackson on 18 November
1840 with 269 prisoners, one having died on the passage out. (Thomas
Marshall on 27 August 1840). Three convicts were sent to the
Hospital on arrival and there remained 266 of the original 270 to
disembark on 26th November. All were reported to be in an a sound
state of health.
The Sydney Monitor reported the
arrival - The Eden arrived from London and Sheerness on 11th
July with 270 male prisoners. Passengers - Captain Shadforth of H.M.
57th regiment, Lady and child. Ensign Pearce, 28 rank and file, 4
women and 8 children of H.M. 96th regiment. (1)
Phoebe Broughton was the daughter of
William Grant Broughton, first Church of England Bishop
of Australia. In 1844 she married William Barker Boydell and settled
with him at Caergwrle on the Allyn River. Mary Phoebe kept a series
of diaries in 1839-1841 which can be read online at the
State Library of NSW site and in which she
records the arrival of the Eden with Captain Shadforth and wife on
.......Emily went again in the afternoon. I
did not go not feeling very well, it being dreadfully hot. A hot
wind all day & brickfielder in the evening. 16th - We all Mama, E &
I went into Sydney. Mama, E & I Called on Mrs. Martyr (who brought a
letter from Judge Burton) & Mrs. Anderson; went to see Mrs. Young &
found that Mr. Young had been thrown from his horse in the morning &
was in bed. We all called at Mr. Macleays afterwards, saw
Mrs. Dumaresq & their children.
Mrs. Lethbridge called. Mr. L. went to the Hunter in
the evening. 17th – A hot day. Papa, Mama & Emily went into Sydney
early. Mrs. Lethbridge went in with them to some shops. They left
Papa at the Office & the carriage went for him again in the aftn.
Mr. William & Mr. George Macleay called. Poor old Mrs. Scott died.
18th – Mr. & Mrs. Wright called before returning to Lanyon. Mr.
Hodgson called & had luncheon here. The Royal George & the
“Eden” (with Captn. & Mrs. Shadforth) arrived from England.
19th Mr. & Mrs. Walsh called.
The Eden was the last Convict Ship bringing prisoners to New South
Wales although in 1849 - 1850 men known as Exiles were sent.
There were protest meetings agitating against transportation and
although 'the banditti party' (Dangar,
Macarthur etc) attempted to revive the system the decision of the
Home Government to stop transportation was made. In 1850 the last
ship arrived at Moreton Bay. In February 1853 Tasmania ceased to
receive British criminals; in January 1868 Western Australia was
freed; and so the system came to an end.
Convict ships bringing detachments of the 96th regiment to New South
Wales included the
Eden and the
Notes & Links:
1). George Ellery Forman was
also employed as surgeon on the convict ships
in 1835, Platina in 1837 (VDL) and Pyramus in
Forty-seven Eden convicts have so far been
identified residing in the Hunter Valley region.
Select here to find out more about these
3). James Crady
alias John Jones, 31, Native place Devonshire, shipwright.
Originally transported on the
in 1833. Escaped from the colony and re-transported on the
in 1834. Escape from the colony again and returned by the
1). The Monitor 19 November 1840