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Convict Ship Mary 1823


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(Convicts and passengers from this ship only)

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Select from the Links below to find information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850

J -K L M N - O P - Q R S T - V W - Y

Embarked: 127 women
Voyage: 130 days
Deaths 0
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous vessel: Earl St. Vincent arrived 9 September 1823
Next vessel: Isabella arrived 16 December 1823
Captain J.F. Steel  
Surgeon Superintendent Harman Cochrane

Follow the Female Convict Ship Trail

Female prisoners transported on the Mary in 1823 came from counties throughout England and Scotland - Oxford, Lancaster, Norfolk, Stafford, Bristol, London, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Perth etc. They were held in county gaols or Newgate prior to transportation.  

The Mary was visited by Elizabeth Fry on the eve of departure.......    

Harman Cochrane kept a Medical Journal from 12 April 1823 to 3 November 1823 which began while the ship was still in England and continued during the voyage to Van Diemen's Land and New South Wales......  

In April two female prisoners Mary Parsons and Elizabeth Maddox, were taken off the Mary and returned to hospital or prison as they were too ill to make the voyage at that time.

Free passenger Mrs. Charlotte Rapsey, age 26 was also taken ill before the Mary set sail. She was treated by Dr. Cochrane for over a month for pain in her face considered to have been caused by a bad tooth. (Charlotte Rapsey was the wife of Peter Hill Rapsey who arrived on the Medway in 1822 and later in partnership with Francis Mitchell established a Store in Morpeth).

As well as Charlotte Rapsey, John Moore and wife also came as free passengers on the Mary.  

The Mary departed London on 16th June 1823.

Harmon Cochrane wrote a summary of the voyage in his journal {extract}....It will be seen by the abstract that scurvy never showed itself in any form, and we had but one case of fever.  This may be attributed to the lower deck or prison having been kept perfectly clean and dry, although we had much rough weather, particularly from the Cape of Good Hope to Van Diemen's Land. The convicts being allowed free access to the upper deck and indeed often compelled when they would not come up voluntarily, from day light in the morning to sunset, when the weather would permit, together with the cleanliness order and regularity which they were at all times obliged to observe, contributed in no small degree towards it.

The Mary arrived in Van Diemen's Land on 5 October 1823 and Port Jackson on Saturday 18 October 1823. Sixty-seven female prisoners were landed at Hobart and fifty-nine female prisoners and 29 children landed at Port Jackson. Six children died on the passage out, having been deprived of their natural nourishment due to the illness of their mothers. Two women were sent directly to hospital on arrival in Van Diemen's Land and one, Ellen Hargraves, when the vessel reached Sydney.

A muster of 59 women was held on board in Sydney by Colonial Secretary Frederick Goulburn on 20th October 1823. The prisoners were in good health and declared themselves well treated and were well spoken of by the Surgeon Superintendent and Commander. The convict indents include the name of the prisoner, occupation, age, native place, date and place of trial and physical description. There are occasional notes regarding family members already in the colony and tickets of leave issued. There is no information regarding where and to whom the women were assigned.    

Notes & Links:

1). The Mary was one of three convict ships bringing female prisoners to New South Wales in 1823, the others being the
Woodman and the Lord Sidmouth.  A total of 199 female convicts arrived in the colony in 1823.

2). Harman Cochrane was also employed as surgeon on the convict ships
Mariner in 1825,  Boyne in 1826 and the
 Mangles in 1828.

3). Two prisoners of the Mary have been identified residing in the Hunter Valley - Elizabeth Smith who was assigned to Rev. Threlkeld at Lake Macquarie and Mary Welding. Select HERE to find out more about prisoners and passengers who arrived on the Mary.

4). See Founders and Survivors site to find out more about the women disembarked in VDL

5). Notes from Convict Indents  about some of the female prisoners landed in Sydney:
Rachael Aarons Occupation: shopkeeper. Age 33 from Hamburg. Has 4 children, Rachael 7yrs; Rosina 5 yrs; Hannah 4 yrs; Aaron Joseph 2 yrs. Husband arrived in the colony previously.  Find more about Rachael and Joseph Aarons at Edges of the Empire by Lucy Frost
Mary Anderson House servant. Age 35 from St. Andrews. One child Sarah age 7 years. Husband died 7 years previously.
Jane Aynsley Washerwoman age 48 from Durham
Ann Allen Shopkeeper. Native place sheffield. Widow, no children. Brother-in-law came out 4 or  years previously
Elizabeth Baldwin House maid age 20 from Sunderland; unmarried, no children
Sarah Baleman Occupation All work; age 28 from Leeds; unmarried, no children
Ann Brown Housemaid; age 26 from Chester; unmarried no children
Ann Branston Housemaid; tried 2 March 1821; age 23. Native place Warwickshire
Sarah Bulger Cook; Age 40 from Surry; has 2 children at Brighton. Husband died 2 years previolusly
Mary Carlow Housemaid; age 19, from Norwich; unmarried, no children
Ann Curtis House maid and needlework; age 42, native place Worcester; 3 children in Worcester. Husband died 4 years previously
Mary Cowell Occupation needle work; Age 17, from Isle of Man. Unmarried, no children
Elizabeth Darke Cooks, washes, makes butter and cheese; age 40, native place Barnstaple. Married. Husband and 4 children in the workhouse in Plymouth and one, Elizabeth, aged 10 months with her
Martha Dowling Housemaid. Native Place Ballyshannon. Has been here before; came with her mother Margaret Armsly* 10 years since. Married to Christopher Dowling who was free by certificate. Returned to England with Captain Jeffries (possibly of the Archduke Charles in 1813). Her sister in VDL with 4 children. *possibly Martha Lesslie
Eleanor Daley House maid; age 24, native place Co. Tipperary. no children. Husband stone mason in London
Mary Duddridge Housemaid age 20
Elizabeth Finnegan Cook and Confectioner; age 23, from Dublin
Hannah Ford House maid; age 17. Native place London
Elizabeth Ford Place of all work; age 19. Native place London
Rebecca Furness Nursery maid; native place Norwich; unmarried, no children
Mary Gays Laundry Maid; age 38; native place London. Has five children with her husband in London
Jane Hewson Washerwoman; age 25; native place Killburn Wells. Two children Job age 6; John age 2 years with her. Husband dead?
Ellen Hargraves Sent to hospital on arrival
Margaret Healey Washerwoman; native place Athlone; age 48; two children in Rochdale. Husband dead


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