Convict Ship Mangles
Embarked: 200 men
Voyage: 100 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous vessel: Asia arrived 13 March 1828
Next vessel: Borodino arrived 12 July 1828
Captain William Carr
Surgeon Superintendent Harman Cochrane
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Prisoners and passengers of the Mangles identified in the Hunter Valley
Prisoners of the Mangles came from counties throughout Ireland. They were transferred to Dublin to await transportation.
The few exceptions were Joseph Towers, a brass founder who was born in Birmingham and transported for desertion; Jasper Wheeler from Domanaque, France transported for desertion; Henry Williams from Madras India and William Creeck born in the Orkney Islands. Henry O'Neil who was born in Belfast was also transported for desertion.
The Mangles was anchored in Kingstown Harbour (Dun Laoghaire) on 16th - 22nd February 1828. Four men from the Guard became ill with fever while there and were sent to the Royal Military hospital in Dublin on 22nd February 1828.
DepartureThe Mangles departed from Dublin on 23 February 1828.
Military GuardThe Guard consisted of Lieutenant Hill, Adjutant Lieut. Kidd and 45 men of the 57th regiment. Select here to find other convict ships bringing detachments of the 57th regiment.
Surgeon Harman CochraneHarman Cochrane was employed as Surgeon-Superintendent. He was also previously employed as surgeon on the convict ships Mary in 1823 Mariner in 1825 and the Boyne in 1826.
On this voyage he kept a Medical Journal from 24 December 1827 to 13 June 1828. Three prisoners died on the passage out. - James Brennan aged 38 on 26 March 1828 ; John Dogherty aged 21 died on 21 May 1828; Thomas Harrington died 16 May 1828.
Private soldier Henry Holgate was treated for a gun shot wound to the left wrist on 28th March 1828
Port JacksonThe Mangles arrived in Port Jackson on 2nd June 1828, one of the shortest runs made at the time.
Convict MusterInclemency of Sydney weather did not prevent the Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay boarding the Mangles on Thursday 5th June. Despite the rain he carried out his duties, mustering the men prior to their dis-embarkation and distribution.
The indents include name, age, education, religion, marital status, family, native place, trade, offence, when and where tried, physical description and where assigned on arrival.
The oldest men were John Cannovan aged 58; Patrick Whelan aged 60 and John McKenna aged 63. Francis Biggs, a Commissioned Officer in the Army who was sent for manslaughter was 54 years of age.. According to the indents, he was run over by a cab in Sydney on 18 March 1851.
The youngest prisoners were James Byrne aged 13 and James Byrne aged 14 both from Dublin. They were both sent to Carter's Barracks on arrival
Prisoners DisembarkedOn Friday 13th June the prisoners were landed and escorted to the Prisoners' Barracks in Hyde Park where they were inspected by Governor Ralph Darling and afterwards distributed throughout the Colony to districts including Wilberforce, Prospect, Bathurst, Minto, Windsor, Sydney, Parramatta, Argyle, Wallis Plains, Patterson Plains and the Hunter Valley.
Thomas Tracey, aged 40, a physician from Kings County was the only convict from the Mangles sent to Wellington Valley. He died in Sydney Hospital 18 September 1828.
Byrne, John (1)
Byrne, John (2)
Notes and Links1. Seventeen convict ships arrived in New South Wales in 1828 - Florentia, Elizabeth, Marquis of Huntley, Hooghly, Morley, Asia, Mangles, Borodino, Phoenix, Bussorah Merchant, Countess of Harcourt, Competitor, Marquis of Hastings, Albion, City of Edinburgh, Eliza, Royal George .
2. Newcastle in 1828
3. Voyages of the convict ship Mangles included those in 1820, 1822, 1824, 1826, 1828, 1833, 1835, 1837 and 1840
4. An account of the trial of Thomas Tracy in the Freemans Journal.....Recorder's Court - From the sitting of the Court up to the hour of two o'clock the Records and Jury were engaged with petty cases, not worthy of publication. After which, Thomas Tracy was put to the Bar, charged upon an indictment that he feloniously stole three yards of linen cloth the property of Henry Tuthill. The prisoner, on being called upon to plead, in a faltering and low voice, said that he was guilty; but being subsequently required to withdraw his plea by persons near him, he pleaded not guilty. On being asked if he was ready for his trial, he replied in the negative, and requested, as well as we were able to collect, a week's time. The Recorder intimated to him, that unless legal cause were shown by affidavit this day (Saturday), the trial should be forthwith proceeded on. We understood from professional gentlemen convenient to us, that since the occurrence of this lamentable affair, the appearance of the prisoner had become careworn and haggard....Freemans Journal Saturday November 17 1827.
Recorder's Court - On Friday, Doctor Thomas Tracey, M.D. pleaded Not Guilty to the indictment for stealing in the shop of Mr. Tuthill. At the sitting of the Court on Saturday. Mr. Hamilton said, he was desired by the prisoner to apply to the court, to withdraw the plea of Not Guilty, which he had put in on Saturday. After some observations from the Records, The prisoner was again arraigned. The indictment was read to him. In it, he stood charged for stealing three yards of linen, the property of Henry Tuthill, of Dame street, and to which the prisoner pleaded guilty. The Recorder then proceeded to give Judgment and sentenced the prisoner to seven years transportation. - Freemans Journal Monday November 19 1827
An account of the trial of Thomas Tracy in the Sydney Gazette 21 March 1828
Obituary of Possible relative of Thomas Tracy
5. Return of Convicts of the Mangles assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 28 June 1832).....
Edward Barry, occupation carman. Assigned to Lieutenant-Col Parker at Airds
Nathaniel (Nicholas) McGrain, occupation nailer. Assigned to Robert Futter at Argyle
John McDonald, occupation house carpenter. Assigned to Thomas Icely at Bungarrabee
Lawrence Mooney, occupation carter. Assigned to Thomas Campbell at Upper Minto
6. Vessels bringing detachments of the 57th Regiment........
Asia 1825 departed Cork 29 October 1824 - Captain Richard Heaviside
Asia (III) 1825 departed Portsmouth 5 January 1825 - Lieutenant Thomas Bainbridge
Royal Charlotte 1825 departed Portsmouth 5 January 1825 - Major Edmund Lockyer
Hooghley 1825 departed Cork 5 January 1825 Cork - Captain Patrick Logan
Norfolk 1825 departed Portsmouth 17 April 1825 - Captain James Brown
Minstrel 1825 departed Portsmouth 17 April 1825 - Lieutenant Henry John Tudor Shadforth
Lonach 1825 departed Cork 16 May 1825 - Lieutenant John William Donelan
Sir Godfrey Webster departed Cork 11 July 1825 - Lieutenant John Ovens
Medway 1825 departed the Downs 2 August 1825 Downs - Lieutenant William Bates
Henry Porcher 1825 departed Dublin 5 August 1825 Dublin - Captain Vance Young Donaldson
Marquis of Hastings 1826 departed Portsmouth 22 August 1825 - Ensign Stewart
Mangles 1826 departed Cork 23 October 1825- Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Shadforth
Sesostris 1826 departed Portsmouth 30 November 1825 - Major John Campbell
Prince Regent 1827 departed London 11 June 1827 - Lieutenant Campbell
Morley 1828 departed Dublin 3 November 1827 - Captain Robert Hunt
Borodino 1828 departed Cork 11 February 1828 Cork - Captain Philip Aubyn
Mangles 1828 departed Dublin 23 February 1828 Dublin- Lieut. Hill Adjutant Lieut. Kidd
Bussorah Merchant 1828 departed London 27 March 1828 - Captain Burton Daveney (+ 1 soldier)
Marquis of Hastings 1828 departed Portsmouth 1828 30 June 1828 - Colonel Allen
Asia 1828 departed London 23 November 1828 - Lieutenant George Edwards
Ann Walker arrived on the Edward in 1829. Anne's Ticket of Leave 31/757 issued 29 September 1831 states permission for her to remain in the district of Paterson's Plains.
Their daughter Sarah Daley was born in Maitland in 1831.
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References1. Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.
2. Bateson, Charles Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.348-349, 386