Convict Ship Royal Sovereign 1834
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Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850
Peter Leonard was vehemently opposed to the slave trade and
altogether spent seven years sailing along the coast of Africa. Fourteen months after
his return to England he was appointed Surgeon-Superintendent to the
convict ship Royal Sovereign.
The Royal Sovereign departed Dublin on 6th September
Peter Leonard kept a Medical Journal from 16 June 1833 to 4 February
1834.....They were all in good health when sent on board the
ship with the exception of a few of those received from the
hulk at Kingstown who had concealed their complaints that these
might be an obstacle to their departure for the "New Country", from
which they seemed to anticipate great things.
The cases of
cholera made their appearance before leaving the coast of England
and among the Guard only. As in almost all cases of cholera the
means used seemed to be of very little service.
.....Case No. 6 was one of low fever arising from mental distress.
The patient on first coming on board gave himself up to despondency
and sank from the effects which his hopeless situation seemed to
produce upon his mind. No treatment could have been of any service.
The other cases although demanding considerable care were of common
occurrence and scarcely require any observation.
The Guard consisted of 26 rank and file of the 2nd,
4th, 17th, 49th and 63rd regiments accompanied by a woman and child.
The guard was under the command of Lieutenant Campbell and Ensign Stowell of the 38th
The Royal Sovereign arrived in Port
Jackson on 19 January 1834 with 168 male prisoners of the Crown, two
having died on the passage out.
One hundred and forty-four
prisoners were sent into private service; eleven were assigned to
public service (8 to the commissariat, 3 to the mounted police) and
the thirteen remaining were un-assigned (2 were too old for
assignment; 2 were sent to Port Macquarie as Specials; 5 were sent
to the hospital; 3 to the invalid department; and 1 to Carter's
The Royal Sovereign departed Port
Jackson in March 1834 in company with the Lady Hayes and
the Brothers all bound for India.
Robert Little who arrived on the Royal Sovereign was convicted
of bushranging in 1835 at Invermein
2). County of Antrim
Assizes - Crown Court - Friday March 15 - Edward Egleston, Dixon
Egleston, and Hugh McKee, indicted for stealing at Belfast, a roll
of tobacco, the property of Edward Haggarty - Guilty; 7 years
transportation. - Belfast Newsletter 19 March 1833
Commission - Dublin - Miles Reilly, stealing two bullocks,
transportation for life. - Freeman's Journal 11 January 1833
Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the Royal
Sovereign in 1834