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Convict Ship
Salamander 1791

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Select from the Links below to find information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850

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Embarked: 160 men
Voyage: 147 days
Deaths: 5 - 6
Surgeon's Journal: no
Previous vessel: Atlantic arrived 20 August 1791
Next vessel: William and Ann arrived 28 August 1791
Master John Nichol

The Salamander was a vessel of the Third Fleet.

The London Times reported that 'on the 24 March the Atlantic, Salamander and William and Ann transports with convicts for Botany Bay, put to sea (again) from Plymouth on the evening of the 23rd, and it was hoped would now get out of the Channel and make a safe passage (2)

The Salamander eventually sailed on 27th March 1791. The Albemarle, Active, Admiral Barrington, Britannia and Matilda departed Portsmouth on the same day. The Mary Ann had sailed more than a month earlier and the Gorgon had made her departure on 15 March 1791 The Fleet later met with the convict transport Queen from Cork at Madeira.

The following list of transport vessels was provided by Messrs. Camden, Calvert and King contractors for the Commissioners of the Navy for the conveyance of convicts to New South Wales.(4)

Vessel's Name No. of Convicts embarked on each
  Males Females Total
Queen 175 25 200
Atlantic 220 - 220
William and Ann 188 - 188
Britannia 152 - 152
Matilda 230 - 230
Salamander 160 - 160
Albermarle 275 - 275
Mary Anne - 150 150
Admiral Barrington 300 - 300
Active 175 - 175
Gorgon 31 - 31

The Salamander arrived in Port Jackson on 21 August 1791 with 12 privates of the NSW Corps and 154 male convicts, stores and provisions.

From David Collins' Account of the English Colony....

The convicts were landed on 23 August and the soldiers on 27th August 1791(3)

In John Hunter's version of the arrival of the Salamander, most of the convicts were in a weak emaciated state, and complained that proper attention had not been paid to them.(1)

The Salamander departed Port Jackson bound for Norfolk Island 4th September 1791 with 160 male convicts, stores, provisions, two non commissioned officers and eleven privates. On the voyage she entered Port Stephens, the first ship to have done so.

Notes & Links:

1). In correspondence from the Victualling Board to Lieutenant Governor Grose, HRA Vol 1., p. 462, records William Irish as Master of the Salamander

2). Condition of the convicts received in the colony in the Third Fleet - Governor Phillip to Lord Grenville  

3). Convicts of the Third Fleet - Convict Records


(1) Analytical Review: Or History of Literature, Domestic and Foreign - John Hunter's voyage

(2) London Times 28 March 1791

(3) Historical Records of Australia, Vol.1, p275

(4) Historical Records of Australia, Vol.1, p225


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