The British Royal Navy purchased HMS Shark
on the stocks in 1775. She was launched in 1776, and converted to a fireship and renamed HMS Salamander
in 1778. The Navy sold her in 1783. She then became the mercantile Salamander
. In the 1780s she was in the Greenland whale fisheries. 
was one of eleven vessels of the Third Fleet transporting convicts to Australia. Following is a list of transport vessels provided by Messrs. Camden, Calvert and King contractors for the Commissioners of the Navy for the conveyance of convicts to New South Wales
William and Ann
The Mary Ann
departed England in February 1791 and the rest of the fleet departed in March 1791 and later met with the Queen from Cork at Madeira.
Active, Admiral Barrington, Albemarle, Britannia
departed from Portsmouth; their naval agent was Lieutenant Robert Parry Young. HMS Gorgon
sailed from Portsmouth on 18th March 1791.
, and William and Ann
departed from Plymouth; naval agent was Lieutenant Bowen.
departed from Cork, Ireland; naval agent, Lieutenant Samuel Blow.
DEPARTURE FROM PLYMOUTH
The London Times reported.....
on the 24 March the Atlantic, Salamander and William and Ann transports with convicts for Botany Bay, put to sea (again) from Plymouth on the evening of the 23rd, and it was hoped would now get out of the Channel and make a safe passage
eventually sailed on 27th March 1791. The Albemarle, Active, Admiral Barrington, Britannia and Matilda departed Portsmouth on the same day. The Mary Ann had sailed more than a month earlier and the Gorgon had made her departure on 15 March 1791. The Fleet later met with the convict transport Queen from Cork at Madeira.
arrived in Port Jackson on 21 August 1791 with 12 privates of the NSW Corps and 154 male convicts, stores and provisions.
David Collins in an Account of the English Colony.... The convicts were landed on 23 August and the soldiers on 27th August 1791
In John Hunter's version of the arrival of the Salamander
, most of the convicts were in a weak emaciated state, and complained that proper attention had not been paid to them.
departed Port Jackson bound for Norfolk Island 4th September 1791 with 160 male convicts, stores, provisions, two non commissioned officers and eleven privates. On the voyage she entered Port Stephens
, the first ship to have done so.
became a whaling ship in the South Seas whale fisheries for a number of years, before becoming a general transport and then a slave ship. In 1804 the French captured her, but the Royal Navy recaptured her. She is last listed in 1811. 
NOTES AND LINKS
1). In correspondence from the Victualling Board to Lieutenant Governor Grose, HRA Vol 1., p. 462, records William Irish as Master of the Salamander
2). Condition of the convicts received in the colony in the Third Fleet - Governor Phillip to Lord Grenville
3). Convicts of the Third Fleet - Convict Records
4). British Southern Whale Fishery - Voyages
5). Soldiers on the Salamander
 Analytical Review: Or History of Literature, Domestic and Foreign - John Hunter's voyage
 London Times 28 March 1791
 Historical Records of Australia, Vol.1, p275
 Historical Records of Australia, Vol.1, p225
 Wikipedia - HMS Shark