Jacob Newton was born in Edinburgh.
in the colony on the
Andromeda in 1823 . The Andromeda called
at Hobart before proceeding to Sydney. Those passengers
travelling on to Sydney included
James McClymont and his
wife Nancy, Beresford Hudson,
David Ralston, Joseph Threw, John Morrison and wife, Michael
McDonald, John McCormack and
Rev. John D. Lang.
In 1823 Jacob Newton applied
for a land grant and received the following reply from the
Colonial Secretary's Office:
6th November 1823
In reply to your letter of the 4th instant, I
am directed by the Governor to acquaint you that he will
make you a grant of 1200 acres of land in any part of the
colony already surveyed and will order four convict servants
to be assigned to you, who with yourself will be victualled
for six months from the date of your taking possession of
your said land.
I am sir, F. Goulburn.
Three years later in 1826, his parents, sister and brother
arrived on the
Greenock, under Commander John Miller......father
Andrew age 56, mother Jane age 50, brother William age 28
and sister Catherine age 8. Andrew Newton and his family
also settled in the Williams River district.
arriving in Sydney on the Greenock included
Gavin Ralston, Rev. McGarvie
as well as several other gentlemen.
A notice placed
in the Australian by Jacob Newton in June 1827 reveals some
of the difficulties for farmers in the district...... Whereas in driving cattle between
Parramatta and Hunter's River a young bull not branded about
18 months old joined the flock and may be had at the farm of
the undersigned upon paying the necessary expenses: Also in
driving said cattle, either from the evil intentions of the
men in charge, or some other reason a number were left
behind. Whoever will bring the same to the farm shall
receive a reward of four dollars per head for each beast so
found....The Australian 13 June 1827.
Jacob Newton was offering 1000 acres of his farm to let for
the term of three or four years.. There were about 25 acres
cleared of which 15 were in cultivation. There was an
abundant supply of water in the driest seasons and an
extensive run at the back. The soil was alluvial. Possession
was offered immediately and the growing crop either paid for
on a valuation or cropped when ripe by the present tenant.
Cattle rustling had become a problem in the district
in the 1830's and a Society for the Protection of Stock was
formed with John Wighton as
Director. Jacob Newton had a number of stray cattle running
between the Williams River on the west and the coast on the
east and the scrubby and swampy nature of the country had
prevented him making a complete muster in former years, and
a number of them were without brands. In 1835 he had
mustered them and disposed of all of them to the
Agricultural Company. (1)
He probably suffered
financial hardship in the depression of the early 1840's and
in 1843, the year his father Andrew died, he took out a loan
of £200 from Edmond Healy of Sydney. He remained on his
estate at the Williams River and in 1844 he and
George Mossman were both
fined for non attendance as a jurors.
By 1845 the
widow of his creditor was calling in the loan - Mary Ann
Healy widow and executrix of Edmond Healy gave notice that
the 460 acres used to secure the loan of £200 in 1843 was
required to be repaid with interest within one month of the
In August 1847 an occupation license for
1150 acres at Genena Hill occupied by Jacob Newton was about
to expire and was to be re-auctioned in September of that
year. Genena Hill was an early name for that area north of
the Myall Lakes that later became known as Violet Hill.
Greville's 1872 directory Jacob Newton is listed as a
grazier. He died at Boolambayte Creek, Myall Lakes, in 1881.
Notes & Links:
Genealogy of the Newton family by Evon Williams
(1)Sydney Gazette 5 December 1835