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Convict Ship
 Albion 1828


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Select from the Links below to find information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850

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Embarked 192 men
Voyage 155 days
Deaths 4
Surgeon's Journal - Yes
Previous vessel: Marquis of Hastings arrived 12 October 1828
Next vessel: City of Edinburgh arrived 12 November 1828
Captain James Ralph
Surgeon Superintendent Thomas Logan  





The Albion was built at Bristol in 1813. Prisoners were transported on the Albion to Van Diemen's Land in 1823 and to New South Wales in 1827 and 1828.

Thomas Logan kept a Medical Journal from 9 May to 14 September 1828. - He joined the Albion on 9 May 1828 at Deptford.

" Having never seen before the dispositions of a prison-ship" he wrote. "I examined those of the Albion with much interest. They seemed to be judicious and proved that considerable attention had been bestowed in perfecting this melancholy service. "

On the following day (10 May) the guard embarked. The guard consisted of a detachment of the 63rd regiment (sergeant, corporal, 28 privates, five women and 8 children) under the orders of Lieutenant Vickery of the 13th regiment. Passengers included Mrs. Vickery and 5 children and settler Mr. Frederick Darcy (or Davey). Lieut. Vickery and family and a detachment of the 63rd departed Sydney for Hobart on the Countess Harcourt late in November 1828.

Select here to find convict ships bringing detachments of the 63rd regiment.

On 16 May 1828 at Woolwich the Albion was towed down by the Harlequin steam boat. She anchored in the evening close to the hulk Justitia. The prisons had previously been prepared for receiving the convicts by a thorough cleaning. On 19th May 1828, twelve convicts were received from the hulk Ganymede, and sixty from the Justitia. They had all been examined previously to their coming on board the Albion. They all appeared to be healthy, were clean in their persons and dressed in a new suit of convict's clothes.

On 21 May 1828, the Albion being at anchor in the afternoon, the convicts were all allowed to come on deck. The occasion was taken to clean the prisons out thoroughly by sweeping, partial scraping and then swabbing. The wind being high the ventilation of the prisons was complete. They weighed anchor at 6pm 22 May 1828 they were sailing for the Nore with a moderate easterly wind and rainy weather. They reached the Nore at 5pm and the prisons were carefully cleaned again. The cleaning of the prisons continued every day. The prisoners remained on deck until the afternoon while the prisons dried.

At Sheerness on the 23 May, 50 convicts were received from the Hulk Retribution and the prisoners were allowed on deck for most of the day. 24 May 1828 60 convicts from the hulk Dolphin and 10 from the Euryalus were received. There were now 192 prisoners on board.

The following day there were strong gales. The prisons were cleaned again but prayers were not read because of the weather. The surgeon noted that the easterly gale force winds and sending the prisoners on board in duck trousers instead of the woollen ones they were accustomed to was the cause of a great number of them suffering from Catarrh.

The Albion departed on 1st June 1828, the Cape of Good Hope 13th September and arrived in Port Jackson on Monday 3 November 1828; a voyage of 155 days.

Four convicts had died on the passage out.

On Tuesday 4th November 1828 the military detachment of the Albion, was welcomed on shore, and proceeded through the town to their quarters by the melody of wind instruments, the trill of fifes, and beat of drums belonging to the 39th regiment.

On Thursday 6th November the Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay proceeded on board the Albion to inspect and muster the prisoners prior to their disembarkation and distribution.

Forty-one convicts who arrived on the Albion in 1828 have so far been identified residing in the Hunter region in the following decades.........Select here to find out more about them.

The colony had been in the grip of a severe drought for some time previous to the arrival of the Albion, however by November rain had arrived and when Thomas Bishop and Job Booth were assigned to T.W.M. Winder in the lower Hunter, it was reported that the crops on the beautiful and romantic estates of Windermere and Luskintyre looked most luxuriant. Prisoner George Burghall was assigned to John Pike at Pickering and Benjamin Belcher was assigned to Peter Cunningham at Dalswinton. These Estates were situated higher up the Hunter River and were affected with blight after the end of the drought. By November the wheat crops on these estates had failed and the stalks were being cut down only to be used to make hay.  



Notes & Links:

1). Thomas Logan was also employed as surgeon on the convict ship Proteus to Van Diemen's Land in 1831

2). Seventeen convict ships arrived in New South Wales in 1828 - Florentia, Elizabeth, Marquis of Huntley, Hooghly, Morley, Asia, Mangles, Borodino, Phoenix, Bussorah Merchant, Countess of Harcourt, Competitor, Marquis of Hastings, Albion, City of Edinburgh, Eliza, Royal George

5).  Return of Convicts of the Albion assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832; 5 July 1832).....

Thomas Green - Quarryman assigned to Robert Crawford at Prospect
John Harper - Labourer assigned to Julia Johnston at Annandale
John Rook - Sailor assigned to Thomas Small at Kissing Point


3). Convict ships bringing detachments of the 63rd regiment -

Date/ Place of Departure Vessel Officer of the Guard
3 May 1828 London Countess of Harcourt Lieutenant Christopher Dexter
1 June 1828 Sheerness Albion Lieutenant M. Vickery
29 June 1828 London Eliza Major Sholto Douglas
30 June 1828 London Marquis of Hastings Ensign Stulbmer
26 August 1828 Spithead Royal George Captain J. Briggs
1 September 1828 Devonport Vittoria Lieutenant Aubyn
21 September 1828 Cork Governor Ready Lieutenant J. Gibbons Lane
16 November 1828 Dublin Ferguson Captain D'Arcy Wentworth
2 January 1829 Falmouth Mellish Captain Bailee
5 January 1829 London Lord Melville Lieut-Col. Burke
14 March 1829 London Waterloo Lieutenant T. Grove
8 April 1829 Woolwich America Adjutant T. Montgomery
22 May 1829 Spithead Norfolk Ensign W.J. Darling
12 July 1829 Dublin Guildford Lieut McLean 89th
16 August 1829 Cork Larkins Captain Mahon
24 August 1829 London Claudine Captain Paterson
29 August 1829 London Sarah Lieutenant Croly
30 September 1829 Dunvegan Castle Lieutenant John Gray
14 October 1829 Spithead Katherine Stewart Forbes Major Fairtclough









 

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