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Convict Ship Eliza (III) 1828 

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Embarked 158 men
Voyage 143 days
Deaths 8
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Tons: 391
Previous vessel: City of Edinburgh arrived 12 November 1828
Next vessel: Royal George arrived 24 December 1828
Captain William Douty (Doutty)
Surgeon Superintendent James Patton
The Eliza III was made of teak and built in Java in 1815. This was her first voyage bringing convicts to New South Wales.

James Patton R.N. commenced a Medical Journal on 10 June 1828.  The first patient on his sick list was Private John Campbell of the 63rd regiment who was treated on 11 June for an injury he received to his leg on the march from Chatham to Woolwich. Private George Eggleton was treated on 20th June.

On 16th June 1828 fifty-eight prisoners were received from the Justitia Hulk at Woolwich. The total of prisoners embarked was 158 men.

The Eliza departed England on 29 June 1828.  Private James Duguin of the 63rd was treated by the surgeon when the vessel was still in the Channel on 3rd July 1828.

The first death was that of John Palmer who died on 20th July 1828. Between the 12 October and 8th November there were over 40 cases of dysentery (all convicts). The illness was so violent that it caused the death of several men in the short space of four days. Deaths mentioned in the indents include........

John Oakes died 24 October;
John Story died on 24th October;
James Coulter died 31st October;
John Egan died 16th November;
George Ainsley died 16th November ;
George Whittaker died 19th November.

James Patton attributed the high number of dysenteric cases to several causes......
the unusual length of the voyage;
143 days on salt provisions;
the ship sailing very indifferently;
and from the cold, damp and rain.

The Eliza arrived in Port Jackson on 18th November 1828.

The convicts were mustered by the Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay on 20th November 1828. A total of eight prisoners had died on the voyage out and another four were sent to the Hospital on arrival in Sydney. (William Baker, Samuel Clay, William Johns and James Scholes). Edward Burke one of the soldiers on board was sent to the Military hospital in Sydney.

The indents include the name, age, religion, education, marital status, family, native place, offence, occupation, place and date of trial, sentence, prior convictions, physical description and where and to whom assigned on arrival. There is also occasional information regarding relatives in the colony, deaths and colonial crimes.

The indents reveal the names of the juvenile offenders. The youngest was Charles Pennycard who was only 10 years old. Robert Edwards and William Telford were both 14 and John Roach and Thomas Storer were both fifteen. All these boys were sent to the Carter's Barracks on arrival. There were also two other fifteen year olds who were assigned to settlers - James Wilson and Ellis Walsh.

The Guard consisted of 30 men of the 63rd regiment, accompanied by 3 women and 6 children under the orders of Major Sholto Douglas and Ensign Church. Lieutenant William Thomas Napier Champ also arrived on the Eliza. On Wednesday 19th November they were landed and marched up the town to their quarters to the beat of the drum and fife. Select here to find convict ships bringing detachments of the 63rd regiment.

The Eliza sailed for London direct in December 1828  



Notes & Links:

1). James Patton was also employed as surgeon on the convict ship Persian to VDL in 1827

2). Twenty-six of the convicts arriving on the Eliza have been identified residing in the Hunter region in the following decades. Select HERE to find out more about convicts/ passengers in the Hunter Valley.

3).
Seventeen convict ships arrived in New South Wales in 1828 - Florentia, Elizabeth, Marquis of Huntley, Hooghly, Morley, Asia, Mangles, Borodino, Phoenix, Bussorah Merchant, Countess of Harcourt, Competitor, Marquis of Hastings, Albion, City of Edinburgh, Eliza, Royal George

4).  Return of Convicts of the Eliza assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 28 June 1832).....
William Mitchell Servant, butler and cook. Assigned to John McArthur at Camden


5). Convict ships bringing detachments of the 63rd regiment -

Date/ Place of Departure Vessel Officer of the Guard
3 May 1828 London Countess of Harcourt Lieutenant Christopher Dexter
1 June 1828 Sheerness Albion Lieutenant M. Vickery
29 June 1828 London Eliza Major Sholto Douglas
30 June 1828 London Marquis of Hastings Ensign Stulbmer
26 August 1828 Spithead Royal George Captain J. Briggs
1 September 1828 Devonport Vittoria Lieutenant Aubyn
21 September 1828 Cork Governor Ready Lieutenant J. Gibbons Lane
16 November 1828 Dublin Ferguson Captain D'Arcy Wentworth
2 January 1829 Falmouth Mellish Captain Baylee
5 January 1829 London Lord Melville Lieut-Col. Burke
14 March 1829 London Waterloo Lieutenant T. Grove
8 April 1829 Woolwich America Adjutant T. Montgomery
22 May 1829 Spithead Norfolk Ensign W.J. Darling
12 July 1829 Dublin Guildford Lieut McLean 89th
16 August 1829 Larkins Captain Mahon
24 August 1829 London Claudine Captain Paterson
29 August 1829 London Sarah Lieutenant Croly
30 September 1829 Dunvegan Castle Lieutenant John Gray
14 October 1829 Spithead Katherine Stewart Forbes Major Fairtclough






 

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