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Convict Ship Vittoria 1829 

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Embarked: 160 men
Voyage: 138
Deaths: 9
Surgeon's Journal: Yes
Tons: 395
Crew: 31 men
Previous vessel: Governor Ready 16 January 1829
Next vessel: Sophia arrived 17 January 1829
Master John Smith
Surgeon Superintendent James Dickson
One hundred and sixty prisoners were embarked on the Vittoria at Woolwich and Devonport. Four Commissariat clerks - Edward Montague Archdeacon, Henry Edward Vaux, Mr. Ganes and John Kent came as passengers.

James Dickson kept a Medical Journal from 1st August 1827 to 30 July 1829.............

The Vittoria departed Devonport for Port Jackson under E.N.E winds and a fine day on 1 September 1828. She touched at Teneriffe where water was procured and left there on the 24 September 1828.

After departing from Teneriffe some prisoners began to suffer from fevers and then dysentery, mostly in convicts who had previously suffered other diseases and was attributed to their change of diet and climate. James Dickson treated them with rhubarb and opiates.

The surgeon reported that about the latitude of the Cape of Good Hope when the weather began to cool, symptoms of scorbutus exhibited themselves notwithstanding every attention paid to the soaking of provisions, exercise, clothing, ventilation, cleanliness towards the termination of the voyage. This dreadful malady had increased to an alarming extent and from the long passage all the medical comforts, lemon juice were expended. Immediately upon the arrival at Port Jackson, all the sick were sent on shore to the hospital.

James Dickson reported that there had been ten deaths (nine convicts) in total and in all twenty-one men suffered from scurvy. There were three accidents as well. Illness on board included Phlegmone, Pneumonia, Tonsillitis, Rheumatismus, Haemoptysis, Catarrh, Dysenteria, Tabes, Hydrothorax, Ascites, Icterus and Marasmus.  - 19C Medical Terms

The Vittoria arrived in Port Jackson on 17 January 1829, one of twenty one convict ships to arrive in New South Wales in 1829.

A muster of 134 convicts was held on board on 22nd January by Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay - nine convicts had died and seventeen were in the hospital. The indents include information such as name, age, education, marital status, family, religion, trade, offence, date and place of trial, physical description and where and to whom the convicts were assigned on arrival. There are also occasional notes regarding deaths, colonial crimes, certificates of freedom etc.

The Guard for the Vittoria consisted of a detachment of 30 men of the 63rd regiment, under orders of Lieut. Aubyn. They joined the ship at Deptford in August. It may be this Lieutenant Aubyn who was mentioned in the Last of the Tasmanians: or the Black war of Van Diemen's Land published by James BonwickSelect here to find other convict ships bringing detachments of the 63rd regiment.

About forty convicts from the Vittoria were sent to the Hunter Valley region in the following years. Select HERE to find out what happened to some of them.

One of the Vittoria convicts achieved fame of sorts and there was even a place named for him however it came at the cost of his life...... Stephen Bombellia a baker from Norfolk was first assigned to Thomas Potter Macqueen at Invermein. When Sir Thomas Livingston Mitchell's expedition passed through the district in 1831 Stephen Bombellia was chosen to join the party in place of another ill-behaved convict. According to Mitchell, convicts were keen to join expeditions because of the possible reward of freedom if they performed well. Stephen Bombellia was murdered by natives and his bones lay buried 25 km from Moree near the watercourse that for many years carried his name.

The Vittoria departed for Batavia in February



Notes & Links:

1).  Commissariat Department appointments 1832....

The United Service Magazine, Volume 10, Page 3 By Arthur William Alsager Pollock

2).  D.A.C.G. Henry Edward Vaux was a brother-in-law of Colonel James Thomas Morisset. He died after being swept off the rocks at Port Macquarie in April 1834.

4).  Return of Convicts of the Vittoria assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832).....
Oliver Hoare Stone cutter assigned to Robert Futter at Argyle
Thomas Hughes Mountebank. Assigned to Joseph Hicks at Lane Cove
Jonah Hoggarth Farmer, ploughs. Assigned to Robert Burke at Campbelltown
Michael Harrison Factory labourer. Assigned to Robert McIntosh at Sydney
Lewis Solomon Stable boy assigned to William Kerr in Sydney
John Randall Stone cutter and setter assigned to Archibald Little at Hunter's River
John Stacey Miller and millwright assigned to Simeon Lord at Sydney


3).  Convict ships bringing detachments of the 63rd regiment -

Date/ Place of Departure Vessel Officer of the Guard
3 May 1828 London Countess of Harcourt Lieutenant Christopher Dexter
1 June 1828 Sheerness Albion Lieutenant M. Vickery
29 June 1828 London Eliza Major Sholto Douglas
30 June 1828 London Marquis of Hastings Ensign Stulbmer
26 August 1828 Spithead Royal George Captain J. Briggs
1 September 1828 Devonport Vittoria Lieutenant Aubyn
21 September 1828 Cork Governor Ready Lieutenant J. Gibbons Lane
16 November 1828 Dublin Ferguson Captain D'Arcy Wentworth
2 January 1829 Falmouth Mellish Captain Baylee
5 January 1829 London Lord Melville Lieut-Col. Burke
14 March 1829 London Waterloo Lieutenant T. Grove
8 April 1829 Woolwich America Adjutant T. Montgomery
22 May 1829 Spithead Norfolk Ensign W.J. Darling
12 July 1829 Dublin Guildford Lieut McLean 89th
16 August 1829 Cork Larkins Captain Mahon
24 August 1829 London Claudine Captain Paterson
29 August 1829 London Sarah Lieutenant Croly
30 September 1829 Dunvegan Castle Lieutenant John Gray
14 October 1829 Spithead Katherine Stewart Forbes Major Fairtclough


 







 

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