|Embarked 160 men
Voyage 131 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Elizabeth arrived 19 November 1818
Hadlow arrived 24
Master Samuel Simpson
Follow the Irish Convict Ship Trail
The Earl St. Vincent
was built at Topsham in 1800 and carried a crew of
approximately 32 men. This was the first of three
voyages of the Earl St. Vincent bringing convicts to New
South Wales, the others being in
The Earl St. Vincent was the next convict
ship to leave Ireland bound for New South Wales after
the departure of the female convict ship
in July 1818.
John Johnston kept a Medical
Journal from 22 July 1818 to 15 January 1819...........
On 22nd July 1818, 160 convicts were embarked on the
Earl St. Vincent at Cork. Their clothing was
stripped from them and they were all given new items.
There were many cases of ulcerated legs and other
diseases and the surgeon John Johnston made an
application to Dr. Trevor for lint and calico and itch
ointment. The prisoners were allowed to stay on deck
until the setting of the watch.
On 6th August,
the day before they set sail, one of the convicts,
William Keating made a desperate bid for freedom when he
jumped overboard. The alarm was given and exertions made
to recover him but there seemed to be no trace of him.
They apparently made an attempt to make it out
of the harbour early on the morning of the 7th August
when they stood to sea, however returned to port because
of unfavourable conditions. On the evening of the 9th
August they got underway and it was reported that all
prisoners were present at muster.
soon became sea sick and the surgeon continued to attend
to their many ailments. They passed by Madeira on 24th
August and there was fine weather and a fresh breeze
when they passed by the Isle of St. Paul on 12 November.
On the 12th December the surgeon ordered the
removal of irons from the prisoners as they were nearing
Sydney. They had fresh breezes and fine weather up the
east coast and anchored in Sydney Cove on Wednesday 16
December 1818. All the convicts were below deck except
for the useful hands on this day. In the evening Captain
Piper came on board. Fresh provisions were issued and
the convicts washed themselves and their clothes ready
for the inspection by Colonial Secretary Mr. Campbell on
the 18th December.
They were allowed on deck
every day until sunset while anchored in the harbour.
They were issued with new clothing on the 20th December
disembarked on the 21st December. Three convicts had
died on the passage out. The remaining 157 were landed
in good health.
The youngest convicts on board
were Thomas Lennon, James Minchan and
James McManus all sixteen years of age. The indents
give the name of the convict, date and place of trial,
sentence, native place, calling, age and physical
description. There is no information in the indents as
to where the men were assigned on arrival.
Colonial Secretary's Correspondence reveals that after
the landing the prisoners were forwarded to
Parramatta by water and then by road to Windsor and
Liverpool where they were distributed amongst various
settlers. On 21st December orders were issued for
twenty-nine men to be sent to the Parramatta area,
twenty-seven men to Liverpool, and sixty-one to Windsor.
A few were assigned to specific applicants - six
of the men sent to Liverpool were put in the service of
surveyor John Oxley - Thomas Maher, Patrick Shanahan,
Michael Gilfoyle, John Moroney, Edward Kelly, and John
Callaghan. John Oxley had just returned from his
expedition to Bathurst, Liverpool Plains and Port
Macquarie the month before.
Notes & Links:
HERE to find out more about prisoners/passengers of
the Earl St. Vincent who have been identified in the
Hunter Valley region
2). Daniel Delahunty who
arrived on the Earl St. Vincent was sent to Newcastle
penal settlement for a colonial crime. He was one of
eleven pirates who seized the cutter Eclipse from the
harbour in 1825. Find out more about their daring escape
Find out more about Admiral Earl St. Vincent