Convict Ship Earl St. Vincent 1820
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Select from the Links below to find information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850
Embarked 160 men
Voyage 126 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Mangles arrived 7 August 1820
19 June 1820
Master Samuel Simpson
The Earl St. Vincent was built at Topsham in 1800. This was the second of
three voyages of the Earl St. Vincent
bringing convicts to New South Wales, the others
Prisoners embarked on the Earl St. Vincent in 1820 came from districts
throughout England. They were held on prison hulks
to await transportation. Joseph Allwright who was
tried at the Old Bailey on 27th October 1819 and
taken to Newgate prison, was admitted to the Leviathan hulk on the 18th November 1819 and
transferred to the Earl St. Vincent on 28th
Patrick Hill kept a Medical
Journal from 20 February to 23 August 1820......
He joined the ship on 25th February 1820. The
Guard consisting of 31 men of the 48th regiment
commanded by Captain Snow of the 67th regiment
including five women and five children were embarked
on the 9 March. Captain Snow's wife and children
also accompanied him.
Mr. J. Richardson, a
free settler with his wife and two children were
embarked on 15th March.
On the 21st March they
sailed from Deptford to Gravesend and then to the
Nore. On 23 March they sailed from the Nore to the
Downs, and on the 26th arrived at the Motherbank.
Surgeon Hill then reported to Lt. Cheeseman, agent
for the transport, and went with him on board the
Leviathan Hulk. He inspected 100 convicts
from the Leviathan on 27th March.
The ship then went into Spithead and 60 convicts
were inspected on the Laurel at 1pm. The
160 convicts were then received on board the Earl St. Vincent.
Twenty of them were
boys under 18 years of age, who were accommodated in
a separated prison in messes of six. Their clothing
consisted of one worsted frock, one shirt, one pair
of trousers, one pair of stocking, one handkerchief,
one hat and one pair of shoes. On 29th March the
stoves were lit and the convicts had free access on
deck. They were formed into four division, each one
to clean the prison in rotation. Soap was issued to
convicts and the irons were examined on each man.
John Jones, a carpenter was punished by having
additional irons after it was discovered he had
false rivets in his irons and intended to escape.
Antonio Lewis was stripped and tied up to be flogged
for insolence to the sentry, however the surgeon
forgave him and he was let down without punishment.
On the 9th April Lt. Cheeseman brought
dispatches for Governor Macquarie and J.T. Bigge and
the Captain received sailing orders. They got under
weigh at 4pm on 12 April and anchored off south
Yarmouth Isle of Wight and on 13th April got under
weigh and went through the Needles.
end of April they were in warmer weather. This
usually brought its own set of health problems and
the surgeon decided that the convicts should bathe
each day. This began at 5am on 25 April. The had to
strip and bathe and a bucket of water was thrown
over them. This was to be done every morning while
the warm weather continued. A barber was employed
cutting hair and it was an order that every man
should have short hair by the Sunday.
a light wind and about 15 miles off, they passed by
the Island of Palma on 27th April. By early July,
the weather was getting cold and wet and the prison
became wet from water coming down the hatchways and
from the privy, the pipe of the cistern being broken
because of misuse by the convicts. By mid July, the
weather began to improve, however the prison and
hospital were still wet and dirty from the water
having overflowed from the privies. At 1am on 17th
July, they made the Island of St. Paul's and on the
7th August they saw the Australian coast line for
the first time.
They came through Bass
Straits at 8am on 8th August and saw Wilson's
Promontory and at 9am Curtis Island. By the 16th
August 1820 they were close to the entrance of Port
Jackson and finally anchored in Sydney Cove at 8am.
Captain Piper, naval officer came on board to
collect the dispatches for Governor Macquarie.
Fresh provisions were brought on board and on
23rd the convicts were mustered by Colonial
Secretary Mr. Campbell. The convicts were landed at
daylight on 29th and inspected by Governor Macquarie
who asked them if they had any complaints to make of
their treatment on board, all were satisfied. (see
Disembarkation of Convicts)
That same day they were
ordered to be sent to Parramatta by water. Fifty
five were to be distributed amongst settlers at
Parramatta. These settlers included Nicholas Bayley,
Gregory Blaxland, John McArthur, Lieutenant William
Lawson; others were to be sent overland from there
to Windsor and Liverpool for assignment.
Those intending to depart on the Earl St. Vincent
bound for Calcutta in September 1820 were Captain
Samuel Simpson; Mr. Grimstone Sergeant, First
Officer; Mr. William Milroy, Second Officer; Mr.
James Arthur, Third Officer.
1). Patrick Hill
was also employed as surgeon on the convict ship
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers of the Earl St.
Other ships bringing soldiers of the 48th regt., included
John Thomas Bigge - Australian Dictionary of
Captain John Piper - Australian Dictionary of
John Thomas Campbell - Australian Dictionary of
7). Convict Benjamin Cordell was
Francis Newcombe and James Price were assigned to
Australian Agricultural Company; Samuel Richards
was assigned to
8). In March 1825 convict Thomas
Smith who arrived on the Earl St. Vincent
was punished with 100 lashes for attempting with
several others to escape from the colony by boat.
Although Thomas Smith didn't join them, some of
those punished alongside him later made another more
attempt to escape
from Newcastle on the cutter Eclipse.
9). Return of Convicts of the
Earl St. Vincent
assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March
1832 (Sydney Gazette 5 July 1832).....
William Pegley (Pigler) - Quarryman assigned to J.
McFarlane at Argyle
Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The convict
ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History,
Sydney : pp.342-343, 383
2. Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy
Medical Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA:
Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and
predecessors: Office of the Director General of the Medical
Department of the Navy and predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101,
804 bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and Prisoner of War
Departments. Records of the Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines,
Coastguard, and related bodies. The National Archives. Kew,
National Archives - Journal of the convict ship Earl St Vincent
for 20 February to 23 August 1820 by Patrick Hill. Reference:
ADM 101/21/7B Description: Journal of the convict ship Earl St
Vincent from 20 February to 23 August 1820 by Patrick Hill, Surgeon
and Superintendent, during which time the said ship was employed in
a voyage to New South Wales.