Colonial Events 1818

 

 

 

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Total population in New South Wales.....17,165

Total population in Van Dieman's Land....3,214

Of the above there were 4,100 male convicts and 2340 female convicts and 850 of their children

600 soldiers of the 48th regiment

(The Morning Chronicle 28 November 1818)

 

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Public floggings end in 1818. All flogging hereafter to be administered in barracks yards

Select here to find out the names of scourgers in New South Wales 1809 - 1836

 

 

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Noted in the London newspapers that 'From the long indiscriminate destruction of the whole tribe of seals, these valuable animals have become as rare on the shores of New Holland and its adjacent island, as they have lately proved in all other parts of the world.' (The Morning Chronicle 28 November 1818)

 

 

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Maitland established. First called 'The Camp', Molly Morgan's Plains', 'Wallis Plains' and later 'Maitland'

 

January.......

The Great Western Road between Parramatta and Emu Plains is opened

 

January 1......

Appointment of Rev. Richard Hill as Senior Assistant-Chaplain of NSW

January 10......

Arrival of the convict ship Ocean  under Captain Samuel Remmington

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Ocean

 

January 14......

 

Arrival of the convict ship Friendship under Captain Armet

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Friendship

January 26......

The first Australia Day celebrations held

March......

Overland route from Sydney to Jervis Bay pioneered by Charles Throsby
 

April 1......

Arrival of the convict ship Guildford

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Guildford

 

 

April 5.....

Arrival of the convict ship Batavia

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Batavia

 

April 30......

Arrival of Captain Francis Allman  on the Minerva with 48th regiment. Also on board 160 convicts for Hobart.

April/May......

 

Benjamin Singleton explored route to the Hunter Valley

 

April 30.....

 

Arrival of the convict Ship Lady Castlereagh

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Lady Castlereagh

W.B. Cramp arrived as passenger on the Lady Castlereagh and recorded some of his journeys. He wrote this description of natives near Newcastle in 1818

 

April 30.....

Arrival of the convict ship Minerva

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Minerva

 

 

May......

Macquarie River explored by Oxley and Evans

 

May 5......

Arrival of the convict ship Neptune

The Neptune brought with her 170 convicts who had departed the Downs 20 December 1817 as well as 16 men who had escaped from New South Wales in the vessel Harriet and were apprehended at the Cape. Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Neptune

 

July 28......

 

Tour of inspection of Newcastle by Governor Macquarie

'On Monday last the 27th ult. His Excellency the Governor and Mrs. Macquarie and Staff, embarked on the government Brig Elizabeth Henrietta for the Settlement of Newcastle on Hunter’s river

The vessel got under weigh between 2 and 3 o’clock with a fair wind, which continuing equally favourable during the night, makes it probable that she would reach the place of her destination by 9 the next morning.

His Excellency visited Newcastle in 1812 when in its infant state, and comparatively of little importance, being chiefly appropriated for the reception of convicts whose delinquencies here had rendered them liable to extraordinary punishments. It was also resorted to for supplies of lime, coal, and timber for the uses of Government.' (SG 1 August 1818)

 

Image: Governor Lachlan Macquarie ca. 1819 - watercolour on ivory miniature.
Original held by
Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales

 

 

August.......

Macquarie Pier at Newcastle was commenced in August 1818 when Captain Wallis was Commandant.. There were no artisans appointed to superintend and direct its construction. The engineers at that time, and up to the time of the work ceasing, were subalterns of the 46th and 48th regiments, and totally ignorant of their duty - the mechanics and workmen generally, were under the orders of an old sergeant of the 46th regiment who was principal superintendent of public works and died at Newcastle. The overseers under him were two stonemasons, who, though good mechanics in their way, were totally unfit to carry such an important undertaking into effect. The work at the pier ceased entirely in the early part of the year 1823......read more in the Australian

One of the men who was sent to Newcastle to work on the pier was Samuel James Pilkington who arrived on the Lord Eldon in 1817

 

   

August......

John Oxley sights the Warrumbungle Ranges, Liverpool Plains and the Peel River.

September 14.....

 

Arrival of the convict ship Glory

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Glory

 

September 14.....

Arrival of the convict ship Isabella

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Isabella

 

September 17....

 

Arrival of the convict ship Maria

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Maria

 

 

October.......

Port Macquarie named by John Oxley

October.......

Bushranger Michael Howe killed by Pugh and Worrall on the banks of the Shannon River. Van Diemen's Land

 

October 14.......

 

Arrival of the Tottenham convict ship.

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Tottenham

November 1.......

 

Arrival in Port Stephens of John Oxley's expedition

 

November 7.......

Arrival of the convict ship Morley

Select Here to find out more about the voyage of the Morley

 

November 18......

Arrival of the convict ship Shipley

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Morley

November 19......

Arrival of the convict ship Elizabeth

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Elizabeth

December 16.....

Arrival of the convict ship Earl St. Vincent

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Earl St. Vincent

December 24.....

Arrival of the convict ship Hadlow

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Hadlow

December 24.....

Arrival of the convict ship Martha

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Martha

December 24.....

 

 

Captain James Morisset, 48th regt., appointed Magistrate and Commandant at Newcastle in the room of Captain James Wallis

Read about Newcastle penal settlement under the command of Major Morisset in Report of the Commissioner of Enquiry into the state of the colony of New South Wales

 

Image of Lieut-Col  James Thomas Morisset at Australia's Red Coat Settlers site

 

December......

Captain James Wallis commended for the improvements to Newcastle settlement while he was Commandant.

December 31......

Arrival of the convict ship General Stewart

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the General Stewart

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