Convict Ship Eliza (II) 1832
Embarked 199 men
Voyage 119 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Clyde arrived 27 August 1832
Planter arrived 15 October 1832
Captain John S. Groves
Follow the Irish Convict
The Eliza was built in India
in 1806. This was the fourth voyage of the Eliza
bringing convicts to Australia the others being in
1829 (NSW) and 1831
Prisoners would have been held on the hulk moored
at Cove prior to being embarked on the
Eliza. One prisoner, Lawrence Burns was embarked on the
Eliza but re-landed while still in Cork.
of the prisoners of the Eliza were petty criminals
convicted of pick pocketing and other forms of stealing, however
there were also twenty six men from Galway who had been
convicted of White Boy crimes as well as two Terry Alts; there
were five men who had committed murder and sixteen who had
The guard consisted of 29 rank
and file of the 4th 17th and 63rd regiments under command of
Lieut. Hewson and Ensign Nicholson of the 4th regiment.
Lieutenant Ball of the 17th regiment and family came as
passengers. Select here to find convict ships bringing detachments of the 17th
and 4th regiments.
Thomas Bell kept a Medical
Journal from 19th March to 18th September 1832....
sailed from Cork on the 10th May 1832 with a light and
favourable breeze. The weather continuing fine for ten days, all
hands soon became accustomed to their new residence without
suffering much from sea sickness which might have been expected
as most of the party had never seen the sea before.
The surgeon took every possible care to keep the prisoners
on deck as much as the weather would permit. The prisons and
hospital were kept clean and well ventilated and the bedding was
frequently aired and shaken before being returned to the berths.
The prisoners were shaved three times a week and their hair kept
The bathing tub was made use of every
morning; one half the prisoners bathed every other morning, two
men were appointed to wash with pipe clay and a brush, the
person in the bath, which they stood much in need of and which I
invariably superintended, and by which means I detected eleven
cases of psora and cases of pediculus pubis, more than
sufficient to stock all new holland!
properly cooked and served at regular hours and Thomas Bell kept
a check that each man received his allotted portion.......When
wine and limejuice were served each man in numerical order, one
at a time passed through the barricade on one side of the deck
and passed out of the other by which means I had an opportunity
of observing every man distinctly. Examining his clothes, shoes
etc and which put a total stop to anything like traffic for lime
juice or wine which is often the case in convict ships.
There were two deaths (Anthony Barry and Malachy Foley)
on the voyage out, one from consumption and the other ascites,
both were probably ill when they embarked. There were a few
outbreaks of scurvy which were cured before landing and the
cases of constipation and leg ulcers were treated successfully
by the surgeon. Illness amongst the guard and prisoners
towards the end of the voyage was attributed by the surgeon to
the bad weather at that time..... for three weeks before
making Kings Island we had a continuation of boisterous weather
when coughs colds and rheumatism were the prevailing complaints.
Five cases of dysentery occurred among the Guard, no doubt
caused by exposure to wet and heavy dews during their sentry all
of which recovered before landing.
and ninety six male prisoners arrived in Port Jackson on
Thursday evening 6th September 1832. Overall the surgeon was
pleased with the voyage......In conclusion I am happy to
remark that the greatest unanimity prevailed amongst all the
officers throughout the voyage, most of the prisoners behaved
remarkably well, and I have much pleasure in stating that the
Secretary, The Honourable Mr. McLeay complimented me on the good
order in which all the prisoners appeared before him.
The Sydney Gazette reported that the prisoners were
expected ashore on Saturday 15th September "All Patlanders
to a man; if they could handle the flail as well as the
shillelagh*, would prove an acquisition to farmers"
The convict indents reveal the name, age, religion,
education, marital status, family, native place, crime, date and
place of trial, sentence, prior conviction and physical
description of the prisoners. There is also occasional
information about colonial crimes and deaths however there is no
indication in the indents as to where the men were assigned on
Seventy two of the convicts who arrived on the
Eliza have been identified residing in the Hunter Valley in
the following years. Select
HERE to find out more about these
The Eliza sailed from Port Jackson on
24th September. On 25th October 1832 the Sydney Herald
reported that the Eliza bound for Singapore had returned to port
through stress of weather, having encountered severe gales of
wind, and nearly wrecked off King's Island.
Notes & Links:
Select here to read about the punishment endured by John Creedon
at Hyde Park Barracks in 1833
3). There were possibly
two different surgeon superintendents by the name of Thomas
Bell. The signature on the medical journal of the Eliza, Prince
George in 1837 and
Portsea in 1838 are all similar. The
signature on the medical journal of the Thames in 1829 (VDL) and
the Edward in 1831 seem to have been signed by another Thomas
4). Two of the convicts arriving on the
Eliza achieved notoriety......
(Frank the Poet) composed several well known poems and became
known throughout the colony for his words of poignancy and
protest. One of Australia's best known folk songs, Moreton Bay
is attributed to Frank the Poet.
James Ryan from Cork
was only 16 when he was sentenced to 7 years transportation. He
was 17 years old when he was hung after having the misfortune to
become involved in one of the colony's most infamous episodes -
the convict uprising at Castle Forbes.
5). George Cott
from Cork was also only 16 years of age. The youngest convict on
the Eliza was Daniel Torpy from Tipperary who was 15
years of age.
William Sullivan was convicted of bushranging in 1835.
7). One of the great
cavalcade of transport convicts that left this on Tuesday
morning for Cork, escaped the same evening from the Bridewell of
Broft and has not since been heard of. His name is Michael Quin,
a Galway convict under sentence of transportation for life. The
Ennis convicts sent to Cork were - John Reidy, Richard Kennedy,
James and Michael McMahon for the police murder; George Mead for
the murder of Serjeant Robinson; Timothy Killeen, Thomas
Crawford and Denis Foran for Whiteboyism, to be all transported
for life. Limerick Chronicle (printed in the Freemans
Journal 24 April 1832)
8). Convict Ships bringing detachments of the
9). Convict Ships bringing
detachments of the 4th (King's Own) Regiment.....
Date/Place of Departure
of the Guard
|29 April 1831
|17 July 1831
Waldron 38th regt.,
|6 August 1831
Lardy 4th regt.,
Gibbons 49th regt.,
William Clarke 4th regt.,
William Lonsdale 4th regt.,
George Baldwin 31st regt.,
|15 March 1832
||Lieut. Lowth 38th regt.,
|18 March 1832
|9 May 1832
|10 May 1832
|16 June 1832
& Irvine 38th regt.,
|19 June 1832
Gibson 4th regt.,
|1 July 1832
Thomas Faunce 4th regt.,
|28 July 1832
|12 March 1833
Mondilhan 54th regt.,
10). Convicts held on the Essex Hulk at Kingstown in 1830's.....
* Shillelagha - thick
stick of blackthorn or oak used in Ireland, typically as a weapon.