Free Settler or Felon?

Search the Free Settler or Felon Database

CONVICT SHIP GRENADA 1825
 

Home Surgeons Conditions
Ship Index Captains Index Resources


A B C D E F G H I
                 
J -K L M N - O P - Q R S T - V W - Y


Embarked: 82 women
Voyage: 113 days
Deaths 1
Surgeon's Journal -
Previous vessel: Ann & Amelia arrived 2 January 1825
Next vessel: Asia arrived 22 February 1825
Captain Alexander Anderson  
Surgeon Peter Cunningham
Follow the Female Convict Ship Trail
The Grenada was built at Hull in 1810.

This was the third of four voyages of the Grenada bringing convicts to New South Wales. The others being in 1819, 1821 and 1827.  

The Grenada brought prisoners from England and was the next convict ship to leave England for New South Wales after the departure of the Minerva in July 1824. The Grenada departed England on 4 October 1824 and touched at Teneriffe for water where she remained for three days.

On 14th December in Longitude 15E she spoke the Admiral Cockburn, Captain Coolun, bound for Hobart. The ships remained together during the night with the intention of communicating by boats in the morning; but the weather being too rough, sail was again made, and at dusk the Admiral Cockburn was nearly topsails down astern.

On the 23rd December 1824, the Grenada also spoke the American ship Levant, sailing from Boston to Batavia.  

Passengers on the Grenada included
Rev. Frederick Wilkinson & Miss Wilkinson, Alexander Wilkinson.,  Deputy Assistant Commissary General Henry Boucher Bowerman & wife and two children, surveyor Heneage Finch and William Ogilvie wife and four children, Miss White, and Mrs. Wilson and two children.  

Part of the voyage of the Grenada is told from the perspective of the ten year old Edward Ogilvie in George Farwell's 'Squatter's Castle'......  

Soon Grenada was plunging in the grey Atlantic. The wind rose alarmingly. That night a full sou' westerly gale caught them, forcing them to lie to for three days and nights with tops'ls struck, lashed helm and a double watch on deck. It was the kind of weather the North Atlantic alone can generate at the onset of winter; mountainous, surf-topped breakers, wind blasts of Arctic virulence, a fury of scudding smoke grey cloud. This rage of ocean was enough to turn anyone's thoughts towards God, firm earth and strong stomachs, none of which were accessible to these passengers amid the crash of tablets and crockery in a lurching saloon. As for the ninety six women and children below decks, conditions were unendurable. In heavy seas hatches were always battened down, and every scuttle closed. No fresh air reached them at all. No ventilation of any kind. The stench was appalling. Nor was it possible for them to leave their close set tiers of bunks. Each time a big sea crashed on the deck above several tons of water flooded down, drenching bed sheets, mattresses, clothes, sometimes even washing sleepers from their bunks, if any were able to sleep. The elders among our passengers became grave and anxious, Edward recalled. But my brothers and myself, having got over our sea sickness thought it high fun to slide toboggan fashion upon a child's chair laid on its back across the deck from side to side as she rolled. By the time Tenerife was sighted, the ocean became quiet again. Land took shape in the form of a mountain soaring miraculously above horizontal dark cloud. The skies had never seemed so blue. The whole family went ashore in the jolly boat......

Some days later they passed close to Gough's Island, a mere cluster of rocks in mid ocean. It was the only land they would see for the next three months. Captain Anderson arranged for the men to have a day's fishing off the lee shore. The Reverend Frederick Wilkinson returned in triumph with the head of a huge sea lion, as if avenging those bygone Christian martyrs. He appears to have been a Dickensian character, the sporting parson. One images him as much at home with fowling piece or creel and rod as with the Book of common Prayer. Whether or not he rose to hounds he was to distinguish himself with some fast cantering when his material flock was in jeopardy some years later. On this particular fishing jaunt he also captured a live penguin which he gave to young Edward as a pet. the boy fed it with so much salt beef and enthusiasm that the bird died in a matter of days. Equally distressing was the conduct of those other birds of passage, 'The ladies, as they called each other,' he said. One handsome young lady of decidedly warm temper, having been detected in a very unauthorised flirtation with one of the ship's mates, was so violent towards the poor doctor in both language and actions, she was brought on deck and made a spread eagle, being lifted screaming and struggling on to the rail of the bulwark and main shrouds to which her extended arms and wrists were bound until she cooled down. But her tongue was still free. The lady passengers scuttled away  

The Grenada arrived in Port Jackson on 23 January 1825 with 81 female prisoners with 15 of their children and 21 cabin passengers. No deaths occurred and all convicts arrived in good health.  

The Grenada was one of four convict ships transporting female prisoners to New South Wales in 1825, the others being the Mariner, the Henry and the Midas. A total of 255 female prisoners arrived in the colony in 1825.    


Notes & Links:  

1). Peter Cunningham was also employed as surgeon on the convict ships
Recovery in 1819,  Grenada in 1821,  Recovery in 1823 and the  Morley in 1828  

2). Ellen Bundock's Memoirs - Newcastle - Merton

3). Twelve women have been identified residing in the Hunter Valley region in the following years. Find out more about them here  

4). Following is an extract from the London Magazine - Recollections of a Convict, published in 1825......

     

5). A female escape artist from State Records NSW - Susan Courtney, alias Elizabeth Jones escaped from the colony in the Emerald and after an absence of 2 years was re-transported on the Grenada.

 

6).  The Fourth Annual Report of the Committee of the British Society of the reform of female prisoners.
Surgeon Superintendent of the Brothers in 1824 was James Hall.....





...........Collectitia: Or, Pieces, Religious, Moral, & Miscellaneous




web counter