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Convict Ship
Lord Melville 1817


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Embarked: 101 women
Voyage: 162 days
Deaths 2
Surgeon's Journal: no
Tons: 400
Previous vessel: Surry arrived 20 December 1816
Next vessel: Fame arrived 8 March 1817
Captain Thackray Wetherell.  
Surgeon Daniel McNamara
Follow the Female Convict Ship Trail

Ancestor Contribution





The Lord Melville was built at Shields in 1805. Convicts were transported to Australia on the Lord Melville in 1817 and 1818

The Lord Melville was the next convict ship to leave England for New South Wales after the departure of the Mariner in June 1816 and the next convict ship to bring female prisoners from England after the Mary Anne.

By the time the prisoners were being embarked on the Lord Melville, Elizabeth Fry had been visiting prisons in England for over three years however her visits did not become regular until Christmas 1816 three months after the Lord Melville sailed.

Although some changes had taken place in the intervening years, Newgate remained a place of riot and mayhem. In Visits to Female Prisoners at Home and Abroad, the behaviour of women sentenced transportation to Botany Bay on the night before their departure was described .....

"the women would pull down and break everything within their reach; even the forms were destroyed, and the fire places pulled out, after which they went off shouting with the most shameless effrontery." (4)

The women of the Lord Melville came from counties throughout England and Scotland. They were probably transferred to Newgate to join the women already incarcerated there to await transportation. One hundred and one female prisoners were embarked on the Lord Melville in London.

Bad weather had caused great delays in departing England and one account reported that they had been detained on board six weeks waiting for orders and were to be disembarked and sent to Millbank penitentiary instead of being transported to New South Wales, however this was not to be and the Lord Melville departed England on 15 September 1816. (3)

Supreme Court Judge of NSW, Barron Field arrived as a passenger on the convict ship Lord Melville in 1817


The gale lasted all night, and in the morning it was our lot to pick up from their boat five men and a boy, the crew of a sloop laden with Portland stone from Weymouth. The vessel, which could not be lightened, soon afterwards went down in our sight. We now found ourselves near Cherbourg, and therefore tacked to make for Spithead, to repair our tops. The wind by this time abated; the morning of the 2d day of September dawned calm and fair, and we found ourselves off the Isle of Wight. It was not till the next morning that we could attain an anchorage in St. Helen's roads, where we eventually waited for a fair wind twelve days.

On the 16th day of September we weighed anchor for the last time; and it cost us three or four days more to pass the Land's End. We posted rapidly through the Bay of Biscay in a gale, but not before the abatement of the wind gave us full proof of the heavy swell of this far-famed caldron.
(5)
 
Other free passengers included :
John Dacre (later Harbour Master at Port Jackson);
Edward Gray (later Superintendent at the Orphan School Farm);
John Gurner (clerk to Barron Field);
John Roduphus Nicholson (later Harbour Master Port Jackson);

The Lord Melville arrived in Port Jackson on 24 February 1817. Two prisoners died on the passage out - Ann Green on 26th February 1816 and Mary Jones on 24th December 1816.

(House of Commons Papers)

The women were not mustered by the Colonial Secretary on arrival as was usual, but by Captain John Mander Gill, an Officer of the 46th regiment. They were mustered on the 27th February and were reported to be in good health, only four being confined in the ship's hospital on that day. Between eighteen of the women they brought 32 male and female children with them. The convict indents reveal the prisoners' name, age, when and where convicted, sentence, calling and occasional information re Tickets of Leave. The names of the married women's husbands are revealed in some cases because of the method of identifying them e.g., Phillis, the wife of Samuel Gordon. Twelve of the women who arrived on the Lord Melville were under the age of 21 years.

Francis Oakes was Superintendent at Female Factory at Parramatta at this time. Select here to read the evidence he gave to Commissioner John Thomas Bigge in 1819 regarding the distribution of female convicts and their transfer to Parramatta.

Fourteen of the prisoners have been identified residing in the Hunter Valley region in the following years.  Sixteen free female passengers and 41 children were also on board.

Surgeon Daniel McNamara wrote a letter of commendation from the Lord Melville after arrival in Sydney:

27th February 1817

His Excellency Governor Macquarie,

I beg leave to submit to Your Excellency's notice, the female convicts whose names are insitu underneath and who have lately arrived in this ship from England. Their conduct which under my Superintendence has been very deserving and I am confident that any indulgence which Your Excellency may deem admissible will be received by them with gratitude and thankfulness. Dan McNamara, Surgeon Superintendent
(1)

Later, in December 1817, Barron Field was asked by Governor Macquarie his opinion of the conduct of the females on the Lord Melville:

I have to say that the women were treated very well and behaved as well as could be expected from their habits and character. They were certainly permitted to cohabit with the Officers and seamen; but it is but justice to Mr. McNamara the Surgeon Superintendent of the ship to say that this practice was permitted before he joined the ship which he did not do till sometime after the women had all embarked, upon the supersession of another surgeon. He certainly might have reformed this practice, but to prevent connexion between the women and the seamen would I am convinced be quite impossible, even if the hatches had been battened down every night. I cannot speak to what passed on board in harbour as immediately upon the vessel's coming to anchor both at Rio de Janeiro and here I quitted the ship. On the whole however, I believe there was as little immorality on board the Lord Melville as it is possible should prevail among such a ship's company of different sexes, so brought into contact. Of this I am sure, that a decent exterior was preserved; and though I bore the relation of only a fellow passenger towards the convicts, yet I flatter myself that the high office I was destined to fill here operated as some moral check upon them; and I read prayers to them on every Sunday when the weather permitted, after which I alway took occasion to give them some moral or religious exhortation. (2)

Barron Field disembarked from the Lord Melville at 1pm on Sunday 2nd March 1817. The Governor's barge came alongside the ship and conveyed him to the Governor's Wharf and a salute of 13 Guns was fired from Dawes' Battery in honour of his arrival. (6)

The Lord Melville departed Port Jackson bound for Batavia in May 1817.


Notes and Links:

1). Descendant Contribution:
Frances Johnson was one of 99 women who arrived on the convict transport Lord Melville in 1817.
Select here to read an interesting account of the voyage of the Lord Melville written by descendant Brian Wills-Johnson.

2). In the Wake of the Lord Melville by Russell Kelly gives biographies of each of the Lord Melville women's lives.    - From the back cover...."In 1817, 101 convict women were transported from England to the new colony of New South Wales on board of the Lord Melville. Their stories have always remained invisible - until now. Years of research has uncovered the truth about what became of the women of the Lord Melville. Some disappeared into obscurity, some reoffended and some became pioneers, laying the foundation for the country Australia is today. The author of this book, Russell Kelly, has dug through hundreds of scant and often incorrect records to compile reliable biographies of these women's lives from the time they landed in the colony, as well as those of the more important passengers and crew that the ship carried. Through this book, we can finally learn more about the women who founded our nation and the treacherous journey that brought them all here" Description Brisbane : Russell Kelly, [2012] 2012 xii, 348 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm ISBN 9780646427102 (paperback)


3). The Lord Melville was one of two convict ships bringing female prisoners to New South Wales in 1817, the other being the Canada.  A total of 188 female prisoners arrived in the Colony in 1817.

4). Narrative of a Voyage to New South Wales in Geographical Memoirs on New South Wales; by various hands edited by Barron Field

5). Find out more about Captain John Mander Gill

6). Account of convicts who died on the passage to NSW 1816



       



References:

(1) Colonial Secretary's correspondence.  Reel 6046; 4/1737 p.64

(2) Colonial Secretary's correspondence.  Reel 6047; 4/1739 pp.69-71  

(3) Caledonian Mercury 19 August 1816

(4)
Visits to Female Prisoners at Home and Abroad

(5) Geographical Memoirs on New South Wales: By Various Hands ... Together with Other Papers on the Aborigines, the Geology, the Botany, the Timber, the Astronomy, and the Meteorology of New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land

(6) Sydney Gazette 1 March 1817





 

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