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CONVICT SHIP MARY 1819
 

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Embarked: 160 men
Voyage: 123 days
Deaths: 1
Surgeon's Journal: no
Previous vessel: Bencoolen arrived 25 August 1819
Next vessel: Canada arrived 1 September 1819
Captain John Lusk
Surgeon Superintendent John Morgan
Follow the Irish Convict Ship Trail
The Mary was built at Bideford in 1811.

Prisoners of the Mary came from counties throughout Ireland - Armagh, Clare, Donegal, Drogheda, Galway, Kildare, Leitrim, Waterford, Wexford, Westmeath, Cork and Dublin. Most gave their occupation as labourers. There were also servants, stable boys, errand boys, grooms, clerks,  grooms, blacksmiths brassfounders and coachmen. They were transferred from country gaols to Cork to await transportation.


There was an epidemic of typhus in Ireland in 1816 - 1819 during which time many thousands of people perished. Doctors did not know at the time that typhus was spread by lice, however they knew the importance of cleanliness and ventilation. (2)

Dr. Richard Maguire reported of the extreme degree of cleanliness and ventilation kept at the Cork County gaol in 1816 - 1819........

 
However when prisoners were transferred to the City Gaols to await transportation, their living conditions deteriorated.  On 22 April 1819 Dr Edward Trevor, superintendent and medical inspector of convicts, wrote to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, concerning varied state of clothing and health of the 310 convicts recently embarked on convict ships Bencoolen and Mary. He commented on the condition of convicts sent from Newgate jail, Dublin; Kilmainham jail, Dublin; and Cork city jail and criticized in particular the 'filthy' state of prisoners from Cork city jail, and their drunken behaviour. (1)  See the list of convicts below to find those who had been tried in Cork.

The Mary was the next vessel to leave Ireland bound for New South Wales after the departure of the Bencoolen in April 1819. The Mary departed the Cove of Cork on 25 May 1819 and arrived in Port Jackson on 26 August 1819.

The convict indents include name, date and place of trial, sentence, native place, occupation and physical description. There is no information in the indents as to where the men were assigned on arrival.

The Sydney Gazette noted that the prisoners who were landed from the various vessels (the Canada, Mary and the Bencoolen) appeared to be in a healthy and comparatively happy condition. They spoke of the kindness and humanity they received from the Commanders and Officers in the most grateful terms of praise; who expressed universal satisfaction at their orderly conduct and exemplary good behaviour during the voyage.

The Guard consisted of a party of the 57th and 89th regiments under the command of Lieut. John Wilton of the 53rd regiment.

   


Notes & Links:  

1). Hunter Valley convicts/ passengers arriving on the Mary in 1819  

2). List of Convict from the Indents with occasional additional notes from the Colonial Secretary's Correspondence:

Ahern, Michael, Native Place Mallow, Tried Cork. Calling Labourer. Age 30

Alcorn (or Smith), Henry. Native Place Donegal. Tried Tyrone. Calling Labourer. Age 40. Assigned to Walter Hall, King St. Sydney in 1822

Allen, John. Native Place Galway. Tried Galway. Calling weaver. Age 40

Allen, Thomas. Native Place Sligo. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 32


Bannon, James or Lawrence. Native Place Kildare. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 34. In 1825 returned to Hobart, having absconded to Sydney where he claimed to be John O'Neale

Bannon, John. Native Place Dublin. Tried Meath. Calling Labourer. Age 24

Barden, Michael. Native place Dublin City. Tried Dublin. Calling Servant. Age 19

Barry, David, Native place Cork City. Tried Cork. Calling: carman. Age 23. Assigned to John Johnson in York St. Sydney in February 1822. Sent to Sydney gaol in Feb 1822 charged with assaulting his overseer

Bolton, Michael. Native Place Kings co., Tried Dublin. Calling Cow man. age 24

Brennan (or Branigan), Denis. Native Place Kildare. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 23

Brien, John. Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Errand boy. Age 12. Transported to Newcastle 1821; Runaway from Emu Plains 1822; Assigned from Emu Plains 1823; sent to Port Macquarie 1824

Brien, Michael. Native Place Cork City. Tried Cork. Calling Tailor's apprentice. Sent from Lumber Yard to Emu Plains for punishment June 1822; Runaway from Emu Plains August 1822

Brien, Patrick. Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling labourer. Age 27

Brown, John. Native Place Tullamow. Tried Cork. Calling Labourer. Age 42

Buchanan (or Behan), Michael. Native Place Leitrim. Tried Leitrim. Calling Labourer. Age 20.  Assigned to James Milson at Govt. House in 1822; assigned to Sergt., Askins of 48th regt in 1824

Burke, Thomas. Native place Dublin City. Tried Dublin. Calling Brass lock maker. Age 45

Byrne, George. Native Place Kilkenny. Tried Waterford. Calling Gardeners boy. Age 25

Byrne (or Chance), Terence. Native Place Ballymow. Tried Kildare. Calling labourer. Age 36

Byrne, Thomas. Native place Dublin. Tried Dublin. Calling chandler's servant. Age 28


Carey, John. Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Labourer. Age 20

Carroll, Patrick. Native Place Meath. Tried Meath. Calling Labourer. Age 19

Carroll, Thomas. Native Place Dublin. Tried Dublin. Calling dealer. Age 44

Casey, Michael. Native Place Dundirk. Tried Drogheda. Calling Clerk. Age 40

Cavanagh, John. Native Place Cork City. Occupation Schoolboy. Age 13. Transported to P. Macquarie 1822. Occ: carpenter.

Clarke, John. Native Place Dublin City. Tried Dublin. Calling Basketmaker. Age 20

Cleary, James. Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Ropemaker's apprentice. Age 15.

Conlan, James. Native place Naas. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 30. Transported to Port Macquarie in Nov 1822.

Connell, Thomas. Native place Meath. Tried Westmeath. Calling Wheelwright and carpenter. Age 35. Employed as Govt. wheelwright at Bathurst on arrival. Petition for mitigation of sentence because of the loss of one eye in 1822. On list of convict servants of James Blackman of Bathurst in May 1825

Connor, John 1st. Native Place Queens County. Tried Cork. Calling Labourer. Age 52

Connor, John 2nd. Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Labourer. Age 40

Coomber, William. Native place Clonmel. Tried Dublin. Calling Servant and clerk. Age 21. Sent to gaol for intoxication July 1822

Corcoran, Edward. Native place Kildare. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 24

Creedon, James or Denis; Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Carman; Age 37

Daly, James. Native Place Meath. Tried Meath. Calling Labourer. Age 29

Daly, John. Native Place Cork City. Tried Cork. Calling baker. Age 26

Daly, Peter. Native Place Naas. Tried Kildare. Calling Coachman and groom. Age 26

Davis, Francis. Native place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling soldier. Age 48

Deashy, Denis/ Daniel. Native Place Cork City. Tried Cork. Calling Errand Boy. Age 14. Transported to Port Macquarie in 1822

Deashy, Jeremiah. Native Place City of Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Labourer. Age 56

Denehy, Daniel. Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Errand boy. Age 15

Dill, James. Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Labourer. Age 50

Donnelly, Patrick. Native Place Dublin. Tried Dublin. Calling Sail maker. Age 38

Donoghue, Timothy. Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling labourer. Age 20

Donovan, John, Native Place Castleton; Tried Cork. Calling Labourer; age 36

Dooley, James. Native Place Cork City. Tried Cork. Calling Errand boy. Age 13

Dowling, John. Native Place Kildare. Tried Kildare. Calling labourer. Age 24

Dowling or Doolan, John. Native Place Kildare. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 21. Assiged to John Lucas in Sydney in 1822-24

Doyle, Denis. Native place Cork City. Tried Cork. Calling Cooper. Age 21. Attached to Rose's Bridge Party in 1822. Charged with drunkenness and absence from muster. Admonished and discharged. Sent from Emu Plains to Sydney in 1823

Doyle, George. Native Place Rathcooke. Tried Dublin. Calling Labourer. Age 36

Doyle (or Murphy), Thomas. Native Place Dublin. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 24. Transported to port Macquarie in 1823.

Dwyer, Robert. Native Place Waterford. Tried Dublin. Calling groom. Age 21

Dwyer, William. Native place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Tailor. Age 19

Edgworth, John. Native Place Ballymow. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 29

Egan, Denis. Native place Queens Co. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 30

Ennis, William. Native Place Meath. Tried Meath. Calling Servant. Age 22

Evans, William. Native place ?Rutherman. Tried Cork. Calling Labourer. Age 54. Of Thomson's Road Party at Rooty Hill Station in 1823


Farrell, Owen. Native Place Cavan. Tried Leitrim. Calling Miller. Age 51. Overseer of the party clearing land for Archbald Bell (senior) of Belmont in 1822. Transported to Port Macquarie in March 1823; Runaway in custody at Windsor gaol in July 1823.

Flanigan (or Russell), Patrick. Native Place Kildare. Tried Kildare. Calling stable man. Age 22. Assigned to James Phillips in April 1823. Transported to Newcastle in November 1820. Transported to Port Macquarie in 1823. Sentenced to death in August 1824. Respited and petitioned to be sent to Moreton Bay in Oct. 1824

Flynn, Peter. Native Place Dublin. Tried Dublin. Calling Plaisterer. Age 22. On list of persons vitualled from H.M. Magazines in 1821.

Foley, John. Native Place Cork. Tried Wexford. Calling Servant. Age 26. Employed by William Lawson in 1823

Frene, Lawrence. Native Place Galway. Tried Galway. Calling Servant and coachman. Age 21. Allowed to Pass through Cow Pastures in 1821; Petition for mitigation of sentence in 1822.


Gahan, James. Native Place Dublin. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 30

Gibney, Hugh. Native Place Newry; Tried Armagh; Calling Ropemaker; age 40

Gillespy, James. Native Place Tyrone. Tried Tyrone. Calling Labourer. Age 40

Gillespy. John. Native Place Tyrone. Tried Tyrone. Calling Labourer. Age 33

Gillespy, John. Native Place Tyrone; Tried Armagh; Calling Seaman; Age 20

Graham, James or Edward. Native Place Wicklow. Tried Wexford. Calling Labourer. Age 40

Greames or Griffy, Patrick. Native place Co. Clare, Tried Co. Clare. Calling Labourer; Age 20

Grogan, Thomas. Native Place Dublin. Tried Meath. Calling Labourer. Age 30


Haherty, John. Native Place City of Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Porter. Age 23

Hand, John. Native Place Boyle. Tried Meath. Calling labourer. Age 52. On return of convicts discharged from Emu Plains to Penrith Bench for assignment Dec. 1823. Servant of M. Minton in 1824

Hays, Robert. Native Place Waterford. Tried Waterford. Calling Soldier. Age 21

Heane, John. Native place Tralee. Tried Cork. Calling Farmer's boy. Age 16

Hennessy, William. Native Place Cork City. Tried Cork. Calling Errand boy. Age 14. Convicted with a man called Wilson of robbing Benjamin and Sarah Jameson in Nov. 1823. Sentenced to death. Sentence commuted to transportation to Port Macquarie. Sentenced to death in September 1825 for highway robbery. Sentence respited to transportation to Norfolk Island for life.

Hill, Arthur. Native Place Naas. Tried Kildare. Calling labourer. Age 4_?

Hilliary, Jonas or James. Native Place Cork City. Tried Cork. Calling errand boy. Age 18

Honours, Joseph. Native Place Cork City. Tried Cork. Calling Shoemaker's apprentice. Age 18

Hughes, Robert. Native Place Blackwater; Tried Armagh; Calling Weaver; age 58

Hurley, Thomas. Native Place Galway. Tried Galway. Calling labourer. Age 38. Assigned to John Ryan at Botany in 1822. Granted permission to marry Mary Ryan in 1825

Hyde, Phillip. Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling errand boy. Age 14


Keefe, Bartholomew, Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling labourer. Age 21. Assigned to William Mahoney at Appin in 1822. Ticket of leave suspended for 6 months in 1824

Keefe, David. Native place City of Cork. Tried Cork. Calling labourer. Age 18. Discharged from Emu Plains to Penrith Bench in 1823

Keefe, Patrick. Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Labourer. Age 20. Boatman employed by govt. in 1821. Assigned to William Mahoney at Appin in 1824.

Keegan, William. Native place Dublin. Tried Drogheda. Calling Labourer. Age 20. Assigned to John Keirghnan at Campbell town in 1823

Keliher, Patrick. Native place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Errand Boy. Age 14. Assigned to William Harper in 1824
Kelly, John. Native Place Galway. Tried Dublin. Calling Stable servant. Age 21. Assigned to Darcy Wentworth in Sydney 1823/24

Kelly, Thomas. Native Place Wexford. Tried Wexford. Calling Labourer. age 30

Kennedy, Dominick. Native Place Litterkenny? Tried Donegal. Calling Butcher. Age 27. Employed on the roads in 1821. Selected for clearing Mr. Marsden's estate in March 1822

Kenny, James. Native Place Kildare. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 50

Kinshella, Edward. Native Place Kildare. Tried Kildare. Calling Canal and Boat man. Age 25


Landrigan, John. Native place Kilkennny. Tried Kilkenny. Calling labourer. Age 20

Leary, Daniel. Native place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling labourer. Age 28. On return of convicts maintained by John Oxley in 1823. Re permission to marry Mary Ann Bryan per Almorah in 1825.

Lee, Denis. Native Place Cork City. Tried Cork. Calling Errand boy. Age 16. Transported to Port Macquarie in 1824

Lemon, Patrick. Native Place Kildare. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 27. Assigned to Arthur Bakeman Philip St. Sydney in 1822.

Lyons, William. Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Labourer. Age 19


Maguire, Andrew. Native Place Dublin. Tried Dublin. Calling stable boy. Age 21. Affidavit re Lost ticket of leave in 1824

Mahon, Patrick.  Tried Dublin. Calling labourer. Age 44. Pastry cook and poulterer; late R.N. and 18th Light Dragoons. Petition for mitigation of sentence 1822. Assigned to John Horsley at Liverpool in 1823/24

Mahoney, Cornelius. Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling labourer; Age 26. To take charge of the grazing run of Henry O'Brien in 1823

Mahony, Daniel 1st., Native place Co. Kerry. Tried ? Calling labourer. Age 26

Mahony, Daniel 2nd. Native place Kerry. Tried Cork. Calling Servant. Age 22

Mahony, John. Native Place Kildare. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 29 Petition for his wife Mary Ann formerly Riley in 1824

Mangin (Mangham), John. Native Place Kildare. Tried Kildare. Calling Waterman. Age 22

Marron, Michael. Native Place Balbuggan. Tried Meath. Calling Labourer. Age 22. In service of William Howe of Glenlie in 1825

McCauslin, John. Native Place Tyrone. Tried Tyrone. Calling Labourer. Age 36. On list of Crown servants employed by George Thomas Palmer of Parramatta in 1823

McCavey, Patrick. Native Place Tyrone. Tried Tyrone.  Calling Labourer. Age 21

McEntee/ McEntire, Philip. Native Place Monaghan. Tried Dublin. Calling stable boy. Age 29

McGrath (or Shearer), William. Native Place Dublin. Tried Kildare. Calling Baker. Age 24

McIlhone Dee (Micklehone), Terence (Thady). Native Place Tyrone. Tried Tyrone. Calling Labourer. Age 25. Servant at H.M. Victualling Stores, Sydney in 1823. Convict servant of Daniel McLean Ross at Liverpool in 1823. Requesting free passage for his family in 1824

McKenna, Patrick. Native Place Dublin. Tried Meath. Calling servant. Age 30

Miller, Samuel. Native Place Somersetshire. Tried Cork. Calling Labourer and sail maker. Age 27. Deemed responsible for the death of William Sullivan  in April 1822. On list of convicts at Port Macquarie in 1822

Mooney/ Morony, Maurice. Native Place Limerick. Tried Cork. Calling labourer. Age 17. On list of convicts transported to Port Macquarie in Oct. 1824

Mooney, Phelim. Native Place Naas. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 36

Morgan, Francis. Native place Armagh. Tried Armagh; Calling soldier; Age 40

Morrison, James. Native Place Armagh. Tried Armagh Calling Stable Boy. Age 20. Transported to Port Macquarie in Oct. 1823
Mullan, James. Native Place Tyrone; Tried Armagh; Calling Labourer; Age 36

Mulligan, Francis. Native Place Dublin. Tried Kildare. Calling labourer. Age 20. Servant of Matthew Hyland of Prospect in 1823

Murphy, James, Native place Tralee, Tried Cork. Calling labourer; age 33.

Murphy, James. Native Place Goree. Tried Wicklow. Calling Labourer. Age 35.

Murphy, John. Native Place Dublin City. Tried Dublin. Calling Silver Plater. Age 35. Brass founder. On list of persons victualled from H.M. Magazines

Murphy, John. Native Place Wexford. Tried Waterford. Calling Sea man. Age 36. Painter. On list of persons victualled from H.M. Magazines in 1821. In 1824 listed as a seaman.

Murphy, William. Native Place Cork City. Tried Cork. Calling Stable boy. Age 20

Murphy, William. Native Place Meath. Tried Meath. Calling Labourer. Age 35

Murray, John. Native place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Errand boy. Age 16

Norton, Michael. Native Place Kildare. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 23

Nowlan, Patrick. Native Place Dublin. Calling Indoor servant. Age 21. Transported to Newcastle in 1821


Parks, Frederick. Native Place Norwich. Tried Drogheda. Calling Weaver. Age 24. Stockman for John Jamison in 1822

Purcell. Michael. Native Place Dublin. Tried Dublin. Calling  servant. Age 18


Quinn, John, Native Place Clonfearle; Tried Armagh; Calling Labourer; Age 36. On return of convicts maintained by John Oxley in 1823/24

Quinn, Michael. Native Place Mallow. Tried Cork. Calling Cattle dealer. Age 28

Quinn, Michael. Native Place Dublin. Tried Dublin. Calling Servant. Age 16

Quirk, Patrick. Native place Dublin. Tried Kildare. Calling Chandler and soap boiler. Age 30


Rafferty, Christopher. Native Place Dublin. Tried Meath. Calling Labourer. Age 25

Redmond, Denis. Native Place Dublin City. Tried Dublin. Calling labourer. Age 20

Reegan, Denis. Native Place City of Cork. Tried Cork. Calling Stone cutter's boy. Age 18. In 1821 listed as stonemason. On list of persons victualled from H.M. Magazines

Riordan/Reardon, Patrick. Native Place Cork. Tried Cork. Calling: Carman. Age 20. Assigned to Francis Johnson at Cockle Bay 1822/23

Robinson, Robert. Natick Place Wicklow. Tried Wexford. Calling Labourer. Age 31. Assigned to John McKan in Castlereagh St. Sydney in 1822

Roe, Terence. Native Place Meath. Tried Meath. Calling Butcher. Age 25. In 1822 granted passage to VDL to join Deputy Assistant commissary General Roberts.

Rogers, Thomas. Native place Cork city. Tried Cork. Calling: Errand Boy. Age 16. Assigned to Sarah West at Brickfields in 1822

Rooth, Henry. Native Place Carlow. Tried Wexford. Calling Slater. Age 28. Transported to Newcastle in 1820. At Longbottom Farm in 1821. Confessed to robberies in 1822. Transported to Port Macquarie in 1823

Savage, Thomas. Native Place Dublin. Tried Dublin. Calling labourer. Age 20. On list of prisoners forwarded to Windsor in 1822

Scarfe, George. Native Place Wexford. Tried Wexford. Calling Labourer. Age 30

Scarfe, Thomas. Native Place Wexford. Tried Wexford. Calling Labourer.  Age 20

Scarfe, William. Native Place Wexford. Tried Wexford. Calling Labourer. Age 17. On list of persons propoed to be sent to Hobart in 1824

Sheehan, John. Native Place Cork City. Tried Cork. Calling Machine smith. Age 25. On list of prisoners transport to Port Macquarie in 1824.

Slack, George. Native Place Dublin. Tried Dublin. Calling stable helper. Age 20. Assigned to Mrs. Minchin at Parramatta in 1822.

Sparrow, Thomas. Native Place Wexford. Tried Wexford. Calling Labourer. Age 30. Assigned to John Horsely at Liverpool in 1822

Spencer, Michael. Native Place Wicklow. Tried Dublin. Calling coachman and groom. Age 26. Transported to Newcastle in 1820. Of Orphan School clearing party in 1824.

Sullivan, Daniel. Native Place Drogheda. Tried Drogheda. Calling sailor and tinker.  Age 23

Sullivan, Michael. Native Place Youghall. Tried Cork. Calling Labourer. Age 50. Transported to Port Macquarie in 1823.

Sweeney, James. No information in indents (?died on the voyage)

Swift or Hovily, Patrick. Native place Galway. Tried Galway. Calling Carpenter . Age 59

Thompson, Edward. Native Place Dublin. Tried Kildare. Calling labourer. Age 24

Tighe, Matthew / Patrick?. Native Place Westmeath. Tried Dublin. Calling Servant and barber. Age 38. As Patrick employed as a shepherd at Bathurst in 1822. Petition for ticket  of leave. On lists of men belonging to Govt. Stock Establishment at Bathurst.. In 1824 sheep were killed by native dogs through Tighe's supposed negligence.

Toreen, Edward. Native place Waterford. Tried Waterford. Calling Blacksmith and horse shoer. Age 21

Twomy, Thomas. Native place City of Cork. Tried Cork. Calling labourer. Age 45


Walsh, Edward. Native Place King's Co. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 40 Overseer of Western Road Party in 1825. Petition for Ticket of leave.

Walsh, John. Native Place Carlow; Tried Cork;  Calling shoemaker; Age ?7. Transported to Port Macquarie in 1824

Walsh, Peter. Native Place Kildare. Tried Kildare. Calling Labourer. Age 41

White, John. Native Place Cork City. Tried Cork. Calling Butcher's Boy. Age 14. Transported to Port Macquarie in Nov. 1823.

John (?) (Illegible) Native of Dublin. Tried Dublin. Calling Indoor servant age 21


 

References:

(1) Chief Secretary's Office Registered Papers, National Archives 

(2). Typhus Epidemic in Ireland, 1817-1819: Priests, Ministers, Doctors Hugh Fenning Collectanea Hibernica No. 41 (1999), pp. 117-152






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