Free Settler or Felon

Search the Free Settler or Felon Database

Convict Ship Sarah & Elizabeth 1837 

Home Surgeons Convict Ship Conditions
Ship Index Captains Index Resources

A B C D E F G H I
                 
J -K L M N - O P - Q R S T - V W - Y


Embarked: 98 women
Voyage: 112 days
Deaths: 2
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous vessel: Norfolk arrived 12 February 1837
Next vessel: Prince George arrived 8 May 1837
Master John Davidson
Surgeon Superintendent John Rankine
Follow the Female Convict Ship Trail




John Rankine kept a Medical Journal from 16 December 1836 to 3rd May 1837. This was his first voyage as surgeon superintendent on a convict ship. In 1838 he was surgeon on the Lord William Bentick to Van Diemen's Land.

The prisoners of the Sarah & Elizabeth were embarked at Woolwich in December 1836. The surgeon thought their appearance was as good as could be expected when taking into consideration their former habits of life, their age, and that some had been confined in prison for many months. Sixty nine had come from Newgate prison, seventeen from Liverpool, seven from Warwick, two from Newcastle and several others from various prisons, including one from Jamaica. Two women were sent on shore before departure leaving 98 who sailed for New South Wales.

There were two deaths on the voyage out, the first, Augusta Bennett alias Jane Jones died just a short time after sailing. She had been extremely debilitated and had been held in Newgate prison for more than eighteen months. The second, Celia Williams from Jamaica, the surgeon described as a negress who was also in delicate health and subject to hysterical fits.

The remainder of the prisoners enjoyed tolerably good health during the whole voyage. There were three births, the first a natural birth, the second a breach and the baby died shortly after birth. The third was a natural birth with the complication of the retention of the placenta which was dealt with by the surgeon satisfactorily.

The previous female transport from England was the Elizabeth which departed in June 1836. As with the prisoners of the Elizabeth these women had committed crimes that were mostly non-violent and included various forms of stealing, robbery and pledging.  Mary Wood was an exception. She was transported for violent assault

The Sarah & Elizabeth departed London on 1st January 1837. Many of the women on board were married or widowed and there were quite a few who left children behind in England. Those who brought their children with them in included
Sarah Ash who came with her 2 year old daughter;
Mary Campbell with her three year old son and
Ann Chester who brought two children with her aged 2 years 6 months and 1 month.

The printed indents include information such as name, age, education, religion, marital status, children, native place, trade, offence, when and where tried, sentence, former convictions and physical description. There are no details in the indents as to where the women were assigned on arrival. There are occasional remarks regarding relatives already in the colony or those who are about to arrive.

Elizabeth Wise and her daughter Elizabeth Wise were tried in Lancaster for housebreaking and arrived just a fortnight before their son and brother George Wise who was transported on the Prince George.
Phoebe Dunsmore's husband William had been convicted at the same time as her and arrived on the James Pattison.
Jane Morgan's brother John Morris was already in the colony having been sentenced to transportation for life seven years earlier.
Emma Mayner was a first cousin of Mary Smith who came to the colony free and ran the Green Gate public house in Sydney.
Mary McIntyre was a niece of John O'Connor who came free to the colony two years previously.
Eugenie Caroline Lemaire's husband had previously been a prisoner at Hobart.
Ann Lee was a daughter of John Mendicott who had been transported fifteen years previously.
Mary Ann Jenkins' husband John Jenkins was a prisoner in Van Diemen's Land two years previously.
Mary Anne Parker, a widow age 44 who was convicted of stealing clothes had come to the colony free previously as wife of a soldier of the 4th regiment.
Mary Ann Selkirk had a sister Susan Johnstone who came to the colony free three years previously.
Mary Smith had a brother Thomas Gallagher who arrived on the Isabella six years previously.
Jane Watson's husband William Pendergass came on the Norfolk.
Sophia Youngs who was convicted of horse stealing was described as a Gipsy. Her husband arrived as a prisoner on the Moffatt in 1836.

The Sarah & Elizabeth arrived in Port Jackson on 23 April 1837. Cargo included 21 tons slate, sundry government stores, ninety-six female prisoners and children.

Sunday 23rd April, the day the ship arrived, was a cloudy day with winds from the south-west. At noon the temperature was 72F (22C). On the 2nd of May when the women were landed the day was clear with north-westerly winds, the temperature had dropped to 70F (21C)

Families in want of female servants could be supplied if applications were made on or before Saturday 29th April. Assignees were required to enter into the usual engagement under a penalty of 40/- to keep their servants for one month unless removed in due course of the law.

On the 3rd May, several of the women were forwarded to Port Macquarie by the steamer William the Fourth

The Sarah & Elizabeth was one of four convict ships bringing female prisoners to New South Wales in 1837, the others being the Margaret, Henry Wellesley and Sir Charles Forbes. A total of 533 female convicts arrived in the colony in 1837. The two vessels bringing prisoners from England in 1837 were the Sarah & Elizabeth and the Henry Wellesley. There were no female prisoners convicted in Scotland arriving in New South Wales in 1837.

Weather
permitting, the Sarah & Elizabeth was to leave Port Jackson on the return voyage to London on 16th August 1837, taking with her 256 casks of sperm oil brought in from the Ann (whaler); 360 bales of wool, 41 bundles of whalebone; 1787 ox and cow horns; 973 tips, 10,000 bones, 10,000 hoofs; 500 bundles rattans; 1 box tortoiseshell; 2 bags of hair; 364 ox and cow hides; 52 pieces cedar; 4 boxes of tea; 1 case books and 1 ton of bones.  


 Notes & Links:

1). Fifteen of the women of the Sarah & Elizabeth have been identified in the Hunter Valley in the following years.   Select here to find more about prisoners and passengers of the Sarah and Elizabeth

2). Some of the women were adorned with tattoos:
Name Tried Tattoo
Mary Brown CCC Blue dot back of left hand
Anne Clarke Lancaster (Liverpool) SFACMC on upper right arm, WCARMRID upper left arm.
Susan Collier CCC CRSG on upper right arm
Johanna Daley CCC WS on upper left arm. WS inside middle finger of left hand
Mary Green Warwick EB on upper right arm, blue ring fore finger of left hand
Jane Gribbin Lancaster (Liverpool) JLIHJT on upper left arm, JB back of left hand
Sarah Hall CCC James Mary, I Love to the heart E...S and flower pot inside lower left arm, 5 dots back of left hand, dear mother, I love to the heart, anchor, DHIL inside lower right arm, five dots back of right hand, blue ring fore finger of same.
Ellen Herring CCC Five dots back of left hand
Mary Ann Jenkins Lancaster (Liverpool) JJ on upper right arm
Ann Lee CCC J.W.L. in blue, TLEB in red ink, outside upper right arm.
Rose McCollister Lancaster (Liverpool) TPR. McCAM, upper right arm, R.F.A.M.E.M upper left arm.
Margaret Magner CCC JG inside lower left arm, JC on upper, W inside lower right arm.
Ellen Martin CCC LW inside lower left arm
Eliza Mills Warwick HOTM on left shoulder, J+RJS on right shoulder
Eliza Percival CCC NOPE, no pen can right, No tongue can tel, the skin hart that bids farewel. John Danel, heart pierced with two darts, IL, man, love, AND LIBET and other marks lower left arm, DBMN, heart and darts, Eliza Bignel and other marks on lower right arm :.: F EL and heart back of right arm.
Rachael Price Warwick TIJBT on upper left arm
Catherine Rourke Lancaster (Liverpool) JB on right shoulder, HL on left shoulder
Elizabeth Rutland Warwick H on upper right arm
Johanna Scanbury CCC RP on upper left arm, blue dot back of right hand
Mary Ann Selkirk CCC FRANK KEYS on upper right arm
Mary Smith Middlesex PN on upper right arm, TG upper left arm
Mary Sullivan CCC Anchor and heart, MJ inside upper right arm
Susannah Webber CCC I+T and heart pierced with two darts on upper right arm
Elizabeth Wise the younger Lancaster (Liverpool) T,W EW on right shoulder

 









 

web counter