Voyage: 126 days
Deaths: 2 women; 5 children
Prince George arrived 8
Next voyage: Mangles
arrived 10 July 1837
Captain Edward Canney
the Female Convict Ship Trail
Follow the Irish
Convict Ship Trail
|The Margaret was built in
Chepstow in 1829. Female prisoners were transported to New South
Wales on the Margaret in 1837,
this voyage in 1837 the
Margaret departed Cork on 24th January 1837 bringing 153 female
prisoners, 28 children and 35 free women and children, the families
of convicts in the Colony of New South Wales.
kept a Medical Journal from 10 November 1836 to 10 June 1837. His
previous voyage as surgeon on the
1834 which also brought female prisoners from Ireland, was a very
different experience to this voyage of the Margaret. The women of the
Andromeda were embarked in a clean condition and were
healthy and in good spirits for most of the voyage. In contrast the
prisoners of the Margaret disgusted him by their offensive habits and
reluctance to keep clean.
His antipathy towards the women
was evident from the time they were first embarked. He remarked in
his journal that the women were all sent on board in a very filthy
state from the Cork Penitentiary - with a small supply of spare
clothing (linen). A great number were infected with
as well as with influenza which was prevalent at the time in England
and Ireland. A number of the crew were also affected.
Bilious fever became a problem when the ship reached the warmer
climate. The surgeon also mentioned that most of the convicts if
permitted passed the whole of the day in bed and collected all kinds
of rubbish about them. He was appalled with another filthy habit of
the convicts which he found difficult to stop - that of washing
their linen in putrid urine which they would hang up to dry in the
prison. Two convicts and five of their children died on the voyage
He was no less scathing of the Irish free women and children of
which he thought there were too many in the ship. He found them
incorrigible and incredibly filthy. Most of these people were
embarked in rags without a change of clothes of any description; and
loaded with vermin - some of them mendicants by profession.
The Margaret arrived in Port Jackson on 30 May 1837 and the
women were landed at the Dockyard on 10th June 1837.
Passengers included Mr. Benson, Paymaster of the 28th Regiment, Mrs.
Benson and Thomas Benson; also twenty-five emigrants in the
steerage. Mary Tobin aged 24, a free girl, was employed as servant
to Mrs. Benson.
Notes & Links:
Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the Margaret in
A Gaelic Dictionary (Click on the text).....
3). The Margaret was one of four convict ships bringing
female prisoners to New South Wales in 1837, the others being the
Sarah and Elizabeth,
and Sir Charles
Forbes. A total of 533 female convicts arrived in the
colony in 1837
4). Henry Kelsall was also employed as
surgeon on the convict ships
1834, Cape Packet in 1842 (VDL) Waterloo in 1842
and the John Calvin
in 1846 (Norfolk Island)
Charles. The Convict Ships 1788 - 1868. Sydney, Reed 1974