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Martin Mason
Convict Ship Surgeon

Martin Mason, surgeon, magistrate and commander, arrived in Sydney on 18 July 1798 as surgeon in the Britannia, carrying female convicts. In May 1799 Governor John Hunter appointed him acting surgeon in H.M.S. Buffalo, but Philip Gidley King appointed him assistant colonial surgeon on 1 October 1800 and magistrate for the district of Parramatta and Toongabbie next January.

Some months later he was sent to the Coal River to hold an inquiry, in conjunction with Ensign Francis Barrallier, into a mutiny.

Corporal Wixstead had been in command there since the settlement had been established in June but he had not been able to hold the convicts in check; in September, after the inquiry, he was succeeded by Mason.
Australian Dictionary of Biography Online


Select here to find out what it was like for convicts at Coal River under Martin Mason's command.


1). More about Martin Mason

2). Martin Mason's correspondence - Court-martial of George Johnston - Proceedings of a General Court-martial Held at Chelsea Hospital