Stephen Coxen arrived on the Lucy Ann with his
wife Sarah and young son Stephen Henry age 3 in 1827.
Another son Charles was born soon after arrival.
The Lucy Ann
under Captain Dacre, departed London 19th January and Cork
1st February. She touched at St. Jago and landed in Hobart
in May and continued the voyage to Port Jackson in June.
Six hundred and twenty acres was promised to Stephen
Coxen by Sir Ralph Darling on 17 August 1827 and converted
to a primary grant on 18 October 1831. Another 640 acres was
granted on 23 February 1838.
2560 acres which was a
grant to Andrew Scales in 1830 was acquired by Stephen Coxen
in 1838. This 2560 acres adjoined John Bell's farm. Another
1280 acres higher up Dartbrook was acquired from James
Keirnan in 1838. James Keirnan was brother and heir-at-law
Henry Keirnan who was granted the land by Governor
Darling in 1828.
Stephen Coxen's brother
Charles Coxen arrived in Australia on the Eleanor
in 1834 and his sister Elizabeth who was married to
John Gould came to Australia in 1838 on the Parsee.
Stephen Coxen's wife Sarah died at Dartbrook in
Their son Stephen Henry Coxen
departed for England on the Alfred in 1841....
The son of the wealthy proprietor of Yarrundi, being
preparatory to Mr. Coxen's departure in the early part of
the ensuing year, for the purpose of entering into extensive
arrangements with numerous influential parties at home,
connected with the question of emigration to these colonies.
Master Stephen Coxen, during his probation for the last few
years at the Normal Institution has made such rapid progress
under the able superintendence of Mr. Gordon, in the various
branches of theoretical and practical sciences, as to have
induced Mr. Coxen to send him to the Military College of
Sandhurst for the completion of his education. We believe we
are correct in stating that Master S. Coxen is one of the
first natives of Australia whose talents have evinced a
decided superiority in these particular and difficult
branches of science. Upon this young gentleman's departure
from Yarrundi - the place of his birth, and scene of all his
youthful associations - the numerous tenantry and retainers
on the estate, amounting to upwards of seventy, assembled
together round the festive board to bid their young master
and heir a kind and long farewell. Festivity and dancing was
kept up to a late hour, when they separated, with the
pleasing anticipation of again meeting him, on his return to
these shores, with all the polish and refinement a European
education can bestow. We wish him a speedy and prosperous
voyage, with the hope that his talents may ultimately
connect his name in proud association with the history of
the advancement of Australia. - The Australian 13 April
A young native boy John Bungaree who was cared for by
Stephen Coxen was also educated at the Normal Institution.
He died in 1855........
Death of a Civilized
Aboriginal - We have recently heard of the death of an
aboriginal native, whose history is so remarkably distinct
from the usual career of his countrymen that it deserves to
be briefly recorded. The aboriginal alluded to was generally
known by the name of "Young Bungaree." He was a native of
Namoi, and about twenty years ago was taken into the service
of the late Mr. Stephen Coxen, with whom and his brother,
Mr. Charles Coxen, now of Brisbane, Bongaree remained for
about thirteen years. He was educated at the cost of Messrs.
Coxen, and was for a long time under the tuition of the Rev.
Henry Carmichael, at the Normal Institution, in Sydney,
where he evinced much capacity, and gained the prize at one
of the examinations for his proficiency in geography. After
leaving Mr. Coxen s service, Bungaree lived for some time
with other gentlemen, usually in the capacity of shepherd,
and ultimately joined the native police force as a corporal.
He was employed as storekeeper, and kept the accounts of the
station to which he was attached, in the Port Curtis
district. He died a few weeks ago, very much regretted by
all who knew him, and who had become attached to him in
consequence of his intelligence and amiable disposition. The
case of this native at all events proves that if the blacks
of Australia are incapable of civilisation, that rule, like
others, is not without exception. He never evinced the
slightest desire to return to savage life, but when, owing
to those commercial disasters which a few years back so much
disarranged the affairs of this colony, It became necessary
that he should fall back upon his own resources, be at once
betook himself to the ordinary industrial pursuits of a
working man, and sought employment wherever he could find
it. His death should not pass without a record, and the
history of his life should stimulate other colonists to
follow the worthy example of Messrs. Coxen whenever an
opportunity offers....Maitland Mercury 10 January 1855
After great financial difficulties, Stephen Coxen senior died by his own hand in
September 1844. Yarrundi was later acquired by Sir
Stephen Henry Coxen died at Daandine
on the Darling Down, the property of his uncle Charles Coxen.
On 7th January 1861 while trying to head some horses in
company with three native boys about half a mile from the
stockyard he was killed instantly after colliding with a
Notes & Links:
Select here to find some of the convicts assigned to
Stephen Coxen at Dartbrook.
Charles Coxen's travels in 1835
Correspondence re Stephens Coxen's grants....
4). Mr. Gould's descriptions of new Australian birds
5). Gould, the
naturalist, was also a visitor to Cressfield during his
prolonged stay with his brother-in- law, Stephen Coxen, at
Yarrundi, a homestead about five miles away. He made a
considerable portion of his marvellous ornithological
collection in that locality, and many specimens are set down
in his works as having been first obtained at Yarrundi.
His special henchman was an aboriginal called " Larry'
who, when furnished with a gun and ammunition, became a most
enthusiastic and successful collector. This black fellow was
a man of marked personality and courage, as was proved when
later in life he received such accidental injury as to
produce suppuration and consequent disorganisation in his
knee joint. He refused conveyance to the nearest hospital,
nearly a hundred miles away, or to go into a house for
systematic treatment, choosing to remain in camp with such
attendance as his fellow tribesmen could give. This went on
for a long time, until the lower limb became a mere
dead appendage attached by a few half dried ligaments. One
day, on the residents of the neighbouring house visiting
him, as they did regularly to give such assistance as was
possible, they found that, becoming tired of his burden, he
had twisted off the withered leg, and burnt it in the camp
fire. The wound granulated and eventually healed. For many
years afterwards he was able to travel fairly with a wooden
leg, provided for him by Sir John Robertson, who knew him
well, and in common with many others really esteemed him.
recollections of Australia & elsewhere, 1842-1914` by John