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Convict Ship
 Anne 1810

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Embarked 200 men
Deaths 3
Surgeon's Journal - No
Previous vessel: Indispensable arrived 18 August 1809
Next vessel: Canada arrived 8 September 1810
Captain Charles Clarke

The Anne departed England on 25 August 1809, called at Rio de Janeiro and arrived in Port Jackson on the 27th February 1810 with 197 male prisoners. One prisoner by the name of Pope had been lost overboard on the voyage out.

It was reported that the prisoners were in a healthy state on arrival and expressed the highest satisfaction at their treatment on the passage out. They were ordered by Governor Macquarie to be mustered by John T. Campbell and William Broughton on 28th February 1810.

The Anne brought supplies and a detachment of the 73rd regiment. Passengers included Captain Archibald John Maclaine, Lieutenant John Purcell, Lieutenant Robert Drury and Assistant Surgeon George Martin, the last three accompanied by their families. Other detachments of the 73rd regiment arrived on the Dromedary, Indefatigable, Archduke Charles, Guildford, Hindostan, Indian, Fortune,  Providence 1811 and Admiral Gambier 1811.

Rev. Samuel Marsden and wife and Rev. Robert Cartwright and family, William Hall, John King and Duaterra a New Zealand native also came passengers.

The Sydney Gazette reported:

From the Rev. Mr. Marsden we have the satisfaction to learn that the Spanish sheep have been introduced into Great Britain in very great numbers, and that it has been ascertained that the wool does not degenerate in quality. His Majesty, in his benign wish to benefit this Colony, was graciously pleased to confer a Donation upon Rev. Mr. Marsden of 4 very fine Spanish Ewes, by which two males were lambed upon the passage, and all, we are gratified to state, have been landed in excellent condition, owing to the great attention they had always received.

On 2nd March 1810 Captain Clarke received orders to disembark the prisoners...Boats were sent alongside the Anne to receive the prisoners. They were to be landed at the Hospital Wharf at 6 o'clock in the morning of 3rd March and handed over to the Principal Superintendent Mr. Nichols.

Some of the stores that arrived on the Anne included Irish butter, Cheshire, Gloucester, Berkeley and pine cheese, hams, coffee, sugar, molasses, essence of spruce, rice, English soap, Castile soap, tallow, cotton wick, tanned hides, sole leather and boot legs, Brazil tobacco, Osnaburghs, shoes, woollens, corks, assortment of hardware including carpenters tools, saws and chisels, nails etc, bar iron, an assortment of glasses, including decanters, rummers, wine glasses, pipes of Madeira wine of a superior quality, porter in barrels, Jamaica rum, French brandy, Spanish brandy in 20 gallons casks, which were to be issued to such persons as His Excellency the Governor approved.

In March it was announced that the convicts who arrived by the Anne were to receive a suit of slop clothing which had been sent on the Anne for their use. Other government employed men in the colony including constables, overseers, convicts, boatmen and stockmen were to receive slop items such as a blue waistcoat with sleeves or a military jacket, a pair of duck trousers or a duck frock, a white or check shirt, a pair of shoes, blanket, forage cap, 1 pair of stockings, 2 pair of stocks and 1 Yara cap. These may have been similar to the items the prisoners of the Anne received.

Those prisoners of the Anne who had already been assigned to settlers in outlying areas were to have their shop clothing preserved for them until an opportunity arose for sending them on.

Among the prisoners on the Anne were Benjamin Grainger who worked for many years in the Newcastle coal mines and Daniel Thurston from Cambridge.

The Anne was one of three convict ships arriving in New South Wales 1810 the others being the Canada and the Indian.

Notes & Links:

1). Hunter Valley convicts/ passengers arriving on the Anne in 1810  

2). National Archives - Voyages: (1) From Bengal 1802. Capt James Stewart. Calcutta 19 Nov 1801 - 31 Jan 1802 Saugor - 20 Apr St Helena - 25 Jun Gravesend. (2) From Bengal 1810. Capt Charles Clarke. Calcutta 21 Sep 1810 - 24 Nov Saugor - 20 Feb 1811 St Helena - 26 Apr East India Dock.  

3). Major Maclaine - The late Major A. John Maclaine of the 73rd Regiment, who died at Brussels of the wounds he received in the battle of Waterloo, was the son of Mrs. Maclaine of Scalasdale, Island of Mull; a Lady who deserves to be celebrated for the heroism and bravery of the sons she has given birth to. This venerable Lady has already lost two sons in the service of their country, and two yet survive, ornaments to their profession, covered with scars received in various engagements. The late Captain Maclaine, who so gloriously fell whilst gallantly leading on his light company at the battle of Maida, as mentioned in Sir John Stewart's dispatches was one of the former; and Lieut. Colonel Maclaine of the 7th West India Regiment who made so gallant a defence of Fort Matagorda in the Peninsula is one of the latter. Major Maclaine of the 73rd had signalized himself in all the actions in which this fine Highland Regiment were engaged in India, and particularly at the taking of Serigapatam. He had left the 1st Battalion of it at New South Wales to come to Europe, anxious and ardent to join the 2nd and to share their glories and honour as he expressed himself, on the Continent. His loss in common with other brace men, his country will deplore; but the loss of an affectionate son and brother, who contributed to their comfort and support is no common nor ordinary loss to an aged mother and three unmarried sisters. Yet the Old Lady, even amidst her tears and sorrow, seems to forget this, whilst she exults in the consolation, and tells her friends that her brace boy John did his duty; - a truth indeed, that all who knew his character in the army could anticipate and his companions in arms bear witness to....The Morning Post 15 August 1815.  

4). Captain Robert Durie of the 73rd regiment, commanded the military detachment stationed at Parramatta. He was appointed a justice of peace and magistrate in that district with an allowance of 5 shillings per day.  Lieutenant Durie supervised the preparation of the Old Granary for the reception of female convicts of the Canada in August 1810. More about Captain Robert Durie at Parramatta Female Factory. Lieutenant Durie with his pregnant wife together with Lieutenant Richard Lundin of the 73rd and a detachment of Royal Marines received permission to to embark on the Isabella for England in November 1812. Others on the Isabella included Sir Henry Browne Hayes, Captain Brooks and General Joseph Holt. They were shipwrecked in February 1813 and Mrs. Durie gave birth to a daughter in a hastily built bog hut assisted only by Mrs. Holt. There is an account of the wreck in the Memoirs of General Joseph Holt.      

5). Convicts identified in the Hunter Valley region:

Name Convicted at Location NSW
Thomas Addison London 1807 Newcastle
James Boonham Warwick 1807 Patrick Plains
John Cassidy Montreal CM 1808 Newcastle
James Cobb Surrey 1809 Newcastle
John Davis Dorchester 1807 Newcastle
Benjamin Dean Chester 1807 Newcastle
Lewis Evans Malta CM 1808 Maitland/ Newcastle
William Evans Kent 1808 Newcastle
George Fowler Huntingdon 1808 Newcastle
Edward Gaynor Kent 1809 Newcastle
Benjamin Grainger Stafford 1807 Newcastle
John Grover Oxford 1809 Newcastle
Edward Higgins Oxford 1809 Newcastle
Henry Kennedy Kent 1808 Newcastle
John Maxwell Huntingdon 1808 Patterson's Plains
George Rouse Middlesex 1808 Newcastle
Walter Shutt London 1807 Newcastle
Joseph Sly Gloucester 1808 Invermein
Daniel Thurston Ely 1809 Newcastle
William Walker   Patterson's Plains
Samuel Williams Middlesex 1808 Maitland/ Newcastle




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