Embarked: 200 men Voyage: 137 days
Deaths: 1 Surgeon's Journal: no Previous vessel:
Friends arrived 10
October 1811 Next vessel:
Minstrel arrived 25 October 1812
The Guildford was built in 1810
on the River Thames. This was the first of eight voyages of
the Guildford bringing convicts to New South Wales. The
others being in 1816,
Prisoners on the Guildford had been convicted in counties
throughout England. There were seven men who had been
convicted in Scotland. There were also men who had been
court-martialled for military crimes in Gibraltar, Cadiz, La Valette and Montreal.
Many prisoners were held in the
hulks prior to transportation. Alexander MacDonald, James
Scott and James Daley were held on the Retribution hulk at Woolwich. They
were sent to the Guildford on 8th August 1811.
Thorpe, William Oldham Henry Groucher, Gustavis Lowe,
Richard Lawson and
Walter Preston were also held on the
Retribution. They were received there on 25th May 1811 and
transferred to the Guildford on the 14th August 1811.
Guildford departed London in company with the General Graham
store ship on 3 September 1811; they sailed via Rio de
Janeiro, the Guildford arriving there on 26 October 1811 and
the General Graham six days later. They sailed in company
from Rio and the Guildford arrived in Port Jackson on
Saturday 18 January 1812, a voyage of four months and 15
One prisoner died on the passage out having suffered
from consumption from which he had long lingered.
Passengers included Thomas Archer who was appointed an
Officer in the Commissariat Establishment to act as a Deputy
Commissary at Sydney. Captain Anthony Coane and Lieut.
Thomas Atkins of 73rd regt., and Captain John Brabyn and
Lieuts. William Lawson and Archibald Bell of the Veteran
Company as well as 30 non-commissioned Officers and Privates
of the 73rd regiment. Other detachments of the 73rd regiment
arrived on the Dromedary, Indefatigable,
Fortune,Ann,Providence 1811 and Admiral Gambier 1811.
Under a Tropical Sun has details of Captain Coane and
Lieutenant Atkins. Captain Coane was appointed Ensign in
1804, Lieutenant 1805 and Captain 1809. He departed the
colony bound for Ceylon on the General Hewitt in 1814 and
was mentioned for his bravery at Kandy, January 1818 (1)
Anthony Coane died at Kandy in January 1819. Some of the
details of his death are recorded within nine manuscript
documents written in Kandy and
offered for auction....1.
Autographed Letter Signed from George Minter to unnamed
recipient. Kandy; 29 December 1818. The letter begins in
dramatic style: 'Dear Sir, Ere this reaches you, I much fear
Major Coane will be no more. Mr Marshall as well as Dr.
Armstrong who have been in constant attendance on him for
the last three days, having just told me that they have
little or no hopes of his surviving till to morrow. He
writes that Coane still remains sensible and wishes the
recipient to turn over 'His Will and other papers' to 'the
Committee of Paymastership'.
Lieutenant Atkins departed New
South Wales on the Earl Spencer for Colombo in 1814. He was
court-martialled for drunkenness soon afterwards. He later
returned to Australia and died at Port Arthur on 5th April
The Guard were disembarked at 7am on the morning of
20th January 1812 at the Hospital Wharf in Sydney and
afterwards joined their regiment. A Guard from on shore was
sent to the Guildford to keep secure the prisoners who had
not yet been landed.
On 27th January 1812 Edward Buckley
and John Walker were forwarded by water to Parramatta for
assignment to the son of John Jamison. On the same day
bricklayer David Browne was forwarded to Windsor for
government service and carpenter William Hadden and
bricklayer James Simpson were sent to the same place for
John Sullivan applied to the Governor
soon after arrival for the return of 5 pounds sterling he
had given to the Guildford's surgeon for safe keeping before
sailing. The surgeon refused to refund the money however
Captain Johnson was required by Governor Macquarie to see
that justice was done in the case.
In February (1812)
Commissary William Broughton gave notice that the prisoners
of the Guildford who were employed at Government labour were
not entitled to an issue of clothing as they had received
theirs as soon as they arrived. This consisted of One duck
frock, one pair duck trousers, one cotton shirt, one pair of
shoes and one leather cap.
Convict John Carter was on a
list of convicts who were sent to the Derwent on the Cyclops
for assignment in February 1812
departed Port Jackson bound for Bengal in March 1812.
She returned with convicts in 1816
Notes & Links:
1). Convict Engraver
arrived on the Guildford. He was sent to Newcastle penal
settlement for a colonial crime in 1814. He was sent to the
limeburner's gang and from there absconded with some of the
most desperate and notorious bushrangers of the time
including Thomas Desmond. Walter Preston was captured and
later came to the notice of Captain James Wallis who was
commandant at Newcastle from June 1816 to December 1818.
Preston engraved the plates for Commandant James Wallis' An
historical account of the Colony of New South Wales.
Convict artist William Harrison Craig arrived on the
Guildford. In August Craig was convicted of forgery and
sentenced to 50 lashes and 7 years at Newcastle penal
settlement. He later escaped from the settlement and was
re-captured and sent to Van Diemen's Land.
Fortesto de Santo arrived on the
Guildford. In 1819 he built the 60 ton vessel Princess
Charlotte at Newcastle. The Princess Charlotte
was wrecked a year later between Hobart and Sydney
5). Andrew Bent
arrived on the Guildford and transferred to the "Ruby",
arriving Hobart in February; he was employed by George
Clark, a newspaper publisher and Government Printer; he
succeeded Clark as Government Printer and in 1816 published
the Van Diemen's Land Gazette. (CSI)
April 1813, the Unity schooner and was moored in Hobart when
seven convicts boarded the ship and seized control of the
crew and the ship's owner, William Hobart Mansel. They
sailed the ship down the River Derwent and off Cape
Frederick they released their captives - Mansel, the captain
and three seamen, and set them adrift in the ship's boat.
Mansel and the crew navigated their way back to Hobart
however the Unity was never heard from again. The convicts
included five men of the Indefatigable - Thomas Watson,
Patrick Russell, Richard Payne, Thomas Bird and Thomas
Curtis. and two who arrived on the Guildford in 1812 -
William Button alias Symer alias Tyler and Frederick