|The Camden was built on the Thames in
Convicts were transported to New South Wales on the
Camden in 1831 and
This was David Boyter's second voyage as Surgeon
Superintendent. He kept a Medical Journal from 26 February to 25
July 1831. He had fewer serious diseases to contend with on this
voyage compared to his first on the
there were no accidents noted in his journal. Prisoners suffered
various fevers, haemoptysis, phthisis, dysentery, dyspepsia and
towards the end of the voyage, scorbutus.
consisted of 29 men - a detachment of the 11th Light Dragoons.
Passengers arriving on the Camden included Captain Cooper and wife and Lieut. Bell
of the 48th regiment. According to David Boyter the Guard were
embarked in fine weather and under the most favourable
circumstances. They were mostly very young men and had every
appearance of high health and spirits.
The prisoners were
also mostly young men and in a fair state of health. They came from
districts throughout England and most were held on various Hulks to
await transportation to the colonies. David Boyter remarked in his
Journal that 198 convicts were received from four different hulks.
Those from the Cumberland had the appearance of being less
attended to than those of the other hulks, a great many of the
Cumberlands had large ulcers on their legs, three of them so large
and apparently of so long standing and character that he felt bound
to reject them.....*possibly only 195 prisoners eventually sailed.
The ulcers had been caused by injuries received at work in the Dock
yards and the surgeon set about curing them with simple dressings
and cleanliness. His efforts were thwarted in the first few weeks as
the prisoners suffered with sea sickness and were unable to attend
to the ulcers properly, however afterwards with proper care the
sores began to improve.
The men became ill again in the hot
weather as they neared Teneriffe. The soldiers of the guard also
suffered from headaches at this time, caused the surgeon thought, by
laying about the decks in the sun and the ardent spirits they were
allowed as part of their rations. The Camden remained in
the tropics for four weeks. The weather was fine and dry and medical
As they approached colder latitudes the
thermometer dropped from 78° to 86° to 50° and the men began to
suffer sore throats and coughs. As they approached Sydney and had
been 17 weeks on salt provision, scurvy also began to appear among
the convicts and David Boyter remarked that if they had spent
another week at sea he would have more serious cases of scurvy to
deal with, however the timely supply of fresh provisions restored
the men to a fair state of health.
arrived in Port Jackson on 25 July 1831. A muster of 192 convicts
was held on board on 27th July. Six men were in the hospital in
Sydney. The convict indents include name, age, education, religion,
marital status, family, occupation, native place, offence, date and
place of trial, sentence, prior convictions, physical description
and where and to whom the prisoner was assigned. There are also
occasional notes such as dates of death or colonial sentences.
Many of the men of the Camden were subject to punishment such as
William Graham endured in 1833.........
was on her return voyage to England when she spoke the
Rio de Janeiro in July 1831. (SG 28 July 1831)
1). David Boyter was employed as surgeon convict
in 1830, Camden in 1831,
1833 and the Hero
Hunter Valley convicts/ passengers arriving on the Camden in 1831