James Pattison was built in London in 1828.
were transported to New South Wales on the James Pattison
on this voyage in 1830 and in
On 16th June 1829 the James Pattison
returned to Portsmouth from Bengal and Madras after a voyage of six
months. The vessel was engaged to take prisoners from Ireland to New
South Wales and was re-fitted to accommodate the men who were to be
embarked at Dublin.
Prisoners at Dublin were held in the
Essex Hulk prior to embarking on the convict ships. The
Freeman's Journal reported in August 1829.....
Friday morning between the hours of six and seven o'clock, seventeen
convicts were removed from Newgate to be put on board the hulk
Essex, lying in the harbour at Kingstown. On their arrival at
Kingstown such was the violence of the surf that no boat would
venture to put out, to take them to the hulk, so that they had to
remain on shore until such time as the force off the waves should
have in some measure abated. (1)
The James Pattison
departed Kingstown Harbour (Dun Laoghaire), Dublin on 2nd October
James Gilchrist kept a Medical Journal from 11 August
1829 to 30 January 1830. His first patient mentioned in the journal
was Isabella Drew, the child of Sergeant Drew of the 46th regiment
who became ill while still in Kingstown harbour.
leaving Ireland the James Pattison experienced north-east
winds and fine weather until in the vicinity of the equator. They
were becalmed for eight days until, on the 6th November they picked
up a south-east Trade wind. According to the surgeon, they had not
experienced even one day of bad weather. There was a single case of
disease similar to typhoid shortly after leaving Ireland but the
surgeon took great care and there were no further outbreaks.
One of the prisoners, Pat Cooney died from Phthisis. He was only
23 but already ill and the surgeon at first refused to take him but
was induced to do so by the medical men and the scarcity of convicts
in the hulk.
The Guard consisted of 29th rank and file of
detachments of regiments stationed in India. With the exception of
three they had all been invalided home to England from India and
were now returning to their regiments. Several had long standing
diseases and were not as healthy as the convicts. Some were taken to
the hospital in Sydney on landing.
The surgeon gave a very
favourable report of the prisoners' conduct on the passage out. They
were willing to obey every direction and kept themselves and the
prison clean. The James Pattison arrived in Port Jackson on
20 January 1830 with 199 male prisoners.
A Muster was held
on board by Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay on 22nd January
1830. Information in the Indents include Name, Age, Education,
Religion, Marital Status, Family, Native Place, Occupation, Offence,
When and Where Tried, Sentence, Prior Convictions and Physical
Description and to whom the men were assigned on arrival. Crimes
included pick pocketing, stealing, vagrancy, burglary, robbery,
rape, passing forged notes and manslaughter.
were landed on the morning of Saturday 30th January 1830 - most were
assigned to settlers and the rest were sent to Parramatta Barracks.
The youngest was Robert Hunter age 11; William Ennis was 12 years
of age, Dennis Garvin, John Travers and William Walker were all aged
13. These boys were all sent to Carter's Barracks on arrival.
Cabin Passengers included Mr.
The James Pattison was to
sail for Madras and Calcutta on 20th February 1830
Notes & Links:
1). James Gilchrist was also employed as
surgeon on the
Bussorah Merchant in 1831
Hunter Valley convicts /
passengers arriving on the James Pattison in 1830
3). Return of Convicts of the James Pattison assigned
between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June
1832; 21 June 1832; 28 June 1832; July 1832).....
Ploughman assigned to Dr. Fattorini
Labourer assigned to James Kingaby
Soldier and officer's servant
assigned to Michael Ryan at Liverpool
Nailor assigned to John Spilsbury
Coachman and groom assigned to
Judge Stephen Sydney
Butcher assigned to H.P. Dutton at
Brass founder assigned to William
Greenland at Sydney
Tin man assigned to James Whittaker
4). John Harte was recommended to have his family join him in
New South Wales....
5). John Hilliard for having in his possession a forged
note of the Bunk of Ireland, knowing it to be forged. It appeared
from the evidence of the prosecutor Hugh Irwin who lives in the
county of Armagh, that he had been in the house of William Hodgkins,
publican, Lisburn, in January last, when the prisoner came in and
sat down at the fire and called for a. glass of whiskey - after he
drank it, he took a bundle of notes from his pocket, and was looking
for a 25s. note to pay it with - prosecutor cast his eye over the
notes and said he had no 25s. note there, they were all £1 notes,
and observing some Bank of Ireland notes among them, asked prisoner
if he. would swap four of them for four Belfast notes - after some
hesitation, prisoner said he would and prosecutor put the notes in
his pocket and set off fur home - shortly after prosecutor's wife
took two of the note* to Portadown to pay for some clothes she was
buying, and tendered them in payment, when she was told they were
bad; - she returned them to her husband, who then went back to
Lisburn and had prisoner arrested and committed to gaol—Several
witnesses were called who gave evidence of a similar nature ; and
after some consultation among the Jury, they brought in a verdict of
Guilty.—The Judge then sentenced him to transportation for 14-
years. - Belfast Newsletter 31 March 1829
of Ships entering/departing Port Jackson 1830......
(1) Freemans Journal 17 August 1829