This was the second of three voyages of
Sidmouth bringing convicts to New South Wales the
others being in
Lord Sidmouth was the next convict ship to leave Ireland for
New South Wales after the departure of the
in September 1820.
Thomas Roylance joined the Lord
Sidmouth on 28th June 1820. On 15th July at Deptford Captain
Richard Moore of the 45th Regiment, commander of the guard was
embarked with his wife. On the 20th they dropped down from Deptford
and anchored at the 'Long Hope' below Gravesend under orders to
proceed to Cork. On Saturday 22 July they anchored in the Downs and
on Sunday proceeded down the Channel. They were off the Isle of
Wight on 25th July and at anchor at St. Helens on 28 July 1820. They
moored in the Cove of Cork on 3rd August 1820.
of the 1st Royal Scots embarked as guard for the convicts, 31 in
number accompanied by 13 women and ten children. The wife of Private
Liddy gave birth to a child soon afterwards. On 30th August Private
Faulkner was punished with 275 lashes for insubordinate conduct and
disrespect to his Commanding Officer.
Before the arrival of
the prisoners Thomas Roylance issued a similar set of instructions
for the care of the convicts that he had previously on the
Freeman's Journal reported on 9 October 1820 -
morning between 3 and 4 o'clock the embarkation of convicts from
Newgate and Kilmainham Jails took place. The Jailers and Sheriffs of
the city and County were in attendance and got the unfortunate
victims to crime doubly bolted on jaunting cars and, with a strong
escort of Horse, proceeded to the Pigeon House Dock, where they were
shipped on board the brig Betsey, bound for Cork. Their numbers and
counties are as follows:
Co and City of Dublin from Newgate...26
Antrim from Kilmainham...15
Armagh from Kilmainham..7
Down from Kilmainham..9
Kildare from Kilmainham...2
King's Co. from Kilmainham...13
Leitrim from Kilmainham..3
Louth from Kilmainham...12
Meath from Kilmainham 7
Roscommon from Kilmainham 10
Westmeath from Kilmainham 7
On 7th October 1820 94 male convicts from Waterford were received on
board. On 10th October another 58 men were received from Cork. On
12th October 12 more were received and four returned to shore. They
got under weigh on 9th November 1820.
Lord Sidmouth arrived in Port Jackson on Monday
19 February 1821, a voyage of 107 days.
One hundred and
sixty prisoners arrived under the care of Thomas C. Roylance. All
were reported to be in excellent health, although Roylance wrote
that from touching at no Port and some of the prisoners being
debilitated and aged and from the births occurring on board it
became necessary to expend the wine and medical comforts.
Thomas Evans, a private belonging to the Royals, who was coming out
to join the recently arrived detachments of that Regiment, by the
Lord Sidmouth, drowned himself between the Heads as the
vessel was entering the Harbour. The Sydney Gazette reported that he
had deserted in Ireland, which prevented his being with the
detachment that came by the Prince Regent, and had become entangled
in pecuniary embarrassment:-those unpleasant circumstances
pressed upon his mind, and are supposed to have induced him to
commit the rash deed that has untimely deprived him of existence.
Thomas Evans had been sentenced to 150 lashes at a Court-martial for
leaving his detachment. The punishment took place on the Lord
Sidmouth while the vessel was still in Cork.
reported that the prisoners brought by the Lord Sidmouth
were landed at the King's Wharf on Friday 23 February in the
forenoon, and after being inspected by His Excellency the Governor,
were directed to be distributed according to their various
employments and avocations.
Notes & Links:
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Lord Sidmouth in
2). Convict Edward Farrell was executed for stealing
a sheep in August 1821 just six months after arrival....Edward
Farrell, William Sheehan and Patrick Fox, were indicted for stealing
a sheep, the property of Gregory Blaxland, Esq.,; and Thomas Styles
Barbara Styles, were indicted as accessories and
receivers. Edward Farrell and Barbara Styles, Guilty. Sheehan, Fox
and Styles were acquitted. Sydney Gazette 18 August 1821.
3). Return of Convicts of the
Lord Sidmouth assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st
March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 5 July 1832).....
Labourer assigned to Henry McDermott at Sydney
1. Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The
convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney :
Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical
Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line].
Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations,
Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and
predecessors: Office of the Director General
of the Medical Department of the Navy and
predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804
bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and
Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the
Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines,
Coastguard, and related bodies. The National
Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.