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Convict Ship Prince of Orange 1821


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Embarked: 136 men
Voyage: 127 days
Deaths: 1
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous vessel: Prince Regent arrived 9 January 1821
Next vessel: Lord Sidmouth arrived 19th February 1821
Captain Thomas Silk
Surgeon Superintendent
George Shaw Rutherford



The Prince of Orange was built in Sunderland in 1813......

She was the next convict ship to leave England for New South Wales after the departure of the Hebe in July 1820. The Prince of Orange departed the Downs on 8th October 1820 and arrived in Port Jackson on Monday 12 February 1821.

George Shaw Rutherford kept a Medical Journal from 1 September 1820 to 17 February 1821. He thought that many of the diseases were too trifling to write in a Medical Journal. Constipation prevailed to a considerable extent at the beginning of the voyage. The men suffered headache and distension of the stomach which he ascribed to change of diet and confinement on board, many of the prisoners being country men and accustomed to the use of vegetables and active exercise.



The following men are mentioned in the Surgeon's journal:

John Venis, convict, aged 25,
James Horton, soldier, aged 18,
William Sprigs, convict, aged 20,
Henry Hancock, convict, aged 21,
John Neil, soldier, [aged not known],
Thomas Regell, convict, aged 26, 
Thomas Easterbrook, convict, aged 19,
William Harris, convict, aged 16,
John Muston, convict, aged 29,
John York, convict, aged 36, . Died 29 October 1820 at 3 o'clock pm.
William Barber, convict, aged 26,
John [Ernns], convict, aged 25,
William Holden, convict, aged 28,
John Law, soldier, aged 23,
Joseph Lenny, convict, aged 24,
John Blackman, convict, aged 21,
Isaac March, convict, aged 19,
James Davis, convict, aged 29,
William Pepper, convict, aged 27,
Robert Long, convict, aged 48,
Peter Richardson, convict, aged 32,
Thomas Martin, convict, aged 28,
Samuel Goldsmith, convict, aged 19,  
Robert Harmer, convict, aged 38,
Thomas Myall, convict, aged 23, 
Corporal Collins, corporal, aged 25,
William Harris, convict, aged 17.

The guard consisted of a detachment of the 34th Regiment under orders of Lieut. James Oliphant Clunie of the 17th foot. James Clunie joined the 17th Regiment as an ensign in 1813 and was promoted to lieutenant the following year. In 1821 he was transferred to Madras, India on the Almorah. In 1830 he returned to NSW as senior officer of the Guard on the convict transport Forth. He succeeded Patrick Logan as Commandant at Moreton Bay and was stationed there from 1830 to 1836. He died in 1851. In the State Library of New South Wales there is a
Transcript of a journal kept by James Clunie from 29 September 1820 - 16 February 1821 on this voyage of the Prince of Orange.  

Other convict ships bringing detachments of the 34th regiment included the
Batavia in 1818  Baring in 1815, Globe in 1819, Asia in 1820, Grenada in 1821, Speke in 1821,  and Adamant in 1821  


Notes & Links:

1). George Rutherford was also surgeon on the convict ships Shipley in 1822, Commodore Hayes in 1823 (VDL), Marquis of Hastings in 1826, Eliza in 1827, Lord Melville in 1829, Royal Admiral in 1830 and the China 1846 (to Norfolk Island)

2). Convict Henry Adams was born c. 1804 at Wrenthan Frostenden, Suffolk. He was convicted of lamb stealing on 24 July 1820 and sentenced to 14 years transportation. He married Elizabeth Clarke in January 1838 at All Saints Sutton Forest and died 17 January 1866 at Young.

3). Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Prince of Orange in 1821  

References:

1. Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.344-345, 383

2. Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and predecessors: Office of the Director General of the Medical Department of the Navy and predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804 bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines, Coastguard, and related bodies. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.

3. National Archives - Surgeon's Journal  Reference: ADM 101/60/8 Description: Medical and surgical journal of the Prince of Orange convict ship from 1 September 1820 to 17 February 1821 during her passage to New South Wales.


   







 
 

 

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