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Convict Ship Prince of Orange 1821



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(Convicts and passengers from this ship only)

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Embarked: 136 men
Voyage: 127 days
Deaths: 1
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous vessel: Prince Regent arrived 9 January 1821
Next vessel: Lord Sidmouth arrived 19th February 1821
Captain Thomas Silk
Surgeon Superintendent
George Shaw Rutherford

The Prince of Orange was built in Sunderland in 1813......

She was the next convict ship to leave England for New South Wales after the departure of the Hebe in July 1820. The Prince of Orange departed the Downs on 8th October 1820 and arrived in Port Jackson on Monday 12 February 1821

George Shaw Rutherford kept a Medical Journal from 1 September 1820 to 17 February 1821. He thought that many of the diseases were too trifling to write in a Medical Journal. Constipation prevailed to a considerable extent at the beginning of the voyage. The men suffered headache and distension of the stomach which he ascribed to change of diet and confinement on board, many of the prisoners being country men and accustomed to the use of vegetables and active exercise.

The guard consisted of a detachment of the 34th Regiment under orders of Lieut. James Oliphant Clunie of the 17th foot. James Clunie joined the 17th Regiment as an ensign in 1813 and was promoted to lieutenant the following year. In 1821 he was transferred to Madras, India on the Almorah. In 1830 he returned to NSW as senior officer of the Guard on the convict transport Forth. He succeeded Patrick Logan as Commandant at Moreton Bay and was stationed there from 1830 to 1836. He died in 1851. In the State Library of New South Wales there is a
Transcript of a journal kept by James Clunie from 29 September 1820 - 16 February 1821 on this voyage of the Prince of Orange.  

Other convict ships bringing detachments of the 34th regiment included the
Batavia in 1818  Baring in 1815, Globe in 1819, Asia in 1820, Grenada in 1821, Speke in 1821,  and Adamant in 1821  

Notes & Links:

1). George Rutherford was also surgeon on the convict ships Shipley in 1822, Commodore Hayes in 1823 (VDL), Marquis of Hastings in 1826, Eliza in 1827, Lord Melville in 1829, Royal Admiral in 1830 and the China 1846 (to Norfolk Island)

2). Convict Henry Adams was born c. 1804 at Wrenthan Frostenden, Suffolk. He was convicted of lamb stealing on 24 July 1820 and sentenced to 14 years transportation. He married Elizabeth Clarke in January 1838 at All Saints Sutton Forest and died 17 January 1866 at Young.

3). Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Prince of Orange in 1821     


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