|Embarked: 200 men
Voyage: 145 days
Surgeon's Journal: Yes
vessel: Middlesex arrived 25
Woodbridge arrived 26 February 1840
Captain Henry F. Alloway
Irish Convict Ship Trail
|Two hundred prisoners were embarked on the Nautilus at Kingstown, Dublin.
departed Dublin on 17th September 1839. Passengers included Lieut.
Mirran 96th regt., Ensign Lake 28th regiment, 28 rank and file of
the 28th and 96th regiment, seven women four children and four free
George McClure kept a medical journal from 4
September 1839 to 15 March 1840........
All of the prisoners were in a healthy
constitution on embarkation, except one man, Cornelius Cavenagh, who
later died. He was debilitated, but in consequence of his age and
his entreaties to be allowed to accompany his comrades, the surgeon
was induced to take him. Cavenagh was however on the sick list the
most of the voyage and at last died when about a hundred miles from
Some of the men were treated early on for ophthalmia
and Mrs. Bishop, wife of a soldier suffered a miscarriage during the
passage and was thereafter treated by the surgeon. There were none
on the sick list when the ship arrived in Sydney, nor on the voyage
to Norfolk Island. The surgeon thought that there was never a party
of convicts landed in a more healthy or sound condition.
Nautilus arrived in Port Jackson in February 1840 and
departed Port Jackson for Norfolk Island on Saturday 22nd February
1840 with 199 convicts. Convicts who arrived on the
February 1840 were also sent to Norfolk Island at the same time as
the men of the Nautilus.
Norfolk Island included Capt. Alexander Maconnochie and family.
Alexander Maconochie had been appointed superintendent at Norfolk
Island and took up his duties in March 1840. Alexander Maconochie
was a penal reformer. His notions of penal science rested on the
beliefs that cruelty debases both victim and the society inflicting
it and that punishment for crime should not be vindictive but
designed to strengthen a prisoner's desire and capacity to observe
Notes and Links:
Report on Convict Discipline and Management by Alexander Maconochie
(Laid before Parliament in 1838)
Conditions on Norfolk Island under Maconochie's management
3). George McClure was also employed as surgeon on the Westmoreland
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Nautilus in 1840
5). Convict ships bringing detachments of the 96th regiment
to New South Wales included the
Australian Dictionary of Biography Online - Alexander Maconochie