Convict Ship Links
The early hour attracted a greater crowd than usual outside; and a curious incident occurred. Several persons climbed up, as usual on the outside wall, to take a view of the convicts.
One of them was imprudent enough openly to claim acquaintance with one or two of the most hardened; when the officers in attendance, suspecting him to be an old offender, rushed out at the gate, and took him into custody. He was lodged in Newgate with some difficulty. (1) The prisoners mentioned in this article may have been destined to embark on the Ocean.
The Ocean was the next convict ship to leave England for New South Wales after the departure of the Larkins in July 1817. The Ocean sailed from Spithead on 21st August 1817 and called at St. Helena on 31st October where she remained a week.
This was George Fairfowl's first voyage as Surgeon Superintendent of a convict ship. George Fairfowl was also Surgeon on the convict ships Dromedary in 1820, Woodman in 1823, Royal Charlotte in 1825, Sovereign in 1829, Andromeda in 1830, Clyde in 1832 and the Hive in 1834.
George Fairfowl kept a Medical Journal which commenced on the 24th June 1817. It is a detailed journal of the particular cases however not as informative as to the conditions on the vessel as his later journals.
His first case was that of free passenger Edmund Shackley who took ill in July after bathing his feet in cold water.
The Ocean arrived at Port Jackson on 10 January 1818 with 180 male prisoners having lost two on the passage....Augustus Golding and William Tarry who both died of consumption. The other prisoners arrived in general good health, though several had been afflicted with inflammation of the lungs which was cured during the voyage.
On arrival the men were distributed for service at Parramatta, Windsor and Liverpool. J.T. Campbell, Colonial Secretary informed Rev. Marsden in correspondence dated 16 January 1818:
I herewith transmit you a list of the names of convicts landed from the transport ship ocean, Remmington Master, of whom are ordered by His Excellency the Governor for General Distribution among the settlers within the District where you preside as a Magistrate in the usual way - And to those to whom His Excellency has already assigned them and whose names appear in the accompanying list, you will please to furnish me with a list of the names of the Settlers to whom you shall assign any of those convicts specifying therein the names of the convicts so assigned. These men are now sent forward to Parramatta by water and you are to distribute them according to the list herewith - You will also receive a general list of those now forwarded as well for Windsor and Liverpool as for Parramatta for your guidance in the forwarding of them. Revd. Samuel Marsden, J.P Parramatta William Cox, Rev. Robert Cartwright, James Mileham - Windsor Thomas Moore - Liverpool
A List of Convicts disembarked form the Ocean and forwarded to Parramatta, Windsor and Liverpool 16 January 1818:
Parramatta: Sent to Mr. Bayley - Francis Green, Joseph Davis, Solomon Ford, William Haydon Sent to Captain Brabyn - Samuel Hurst, Joseph Evenden, Thomas Cox, Hartley Emmett For General Distribution: Samuel Wolfe, William Bolton, John Brynes, Charles Haddon, William Hawkins, John Brown, Charles Buckmaster, Daniel Burke, Thomas Reynolds, John Wilkins William Jones, James Johnston, George Jackson, John Shelmardine, Jeremiah Desmond, John Whyte,
Windsor: Mr. Cox - James Allen For General distribution: James Cole, Philip Potts, William Huxforth, John Mitchell, Peter Johnston, William Webb, Thomas Bottomly, John Davis, John Abrahams, James Cotton, James Hill, John Olston, C. Brown, Timothy Geary, John Browman, Thomas Ball, John Moore, Joseph Capewell, Michael De Courcy, Thomas Cope, Joseph Josephs, John Cooper, John Clarke 1st, John Hyatt, James Watson, John Clarke 2nd, John Cully, Daniel Beswick, Elijah Chatham, Thomas Thomas.
Liverpool: For Dr. Townson - John Sumner, James Luker, James Baird, Thomas Jacobs For J.T. Campbell - John Williams, William Lane, Edward Brittle, Joseph Belo, William Luff, Robert Long, James Charles Thomas Merritt for Mr. Meehan Signed Mr. Hutchinson, Principal Superintendent of Convicts. (2)
The Ocean departed Port Jackson for Batavia on 15th February 1818. Surgeon Edward Foord Bromley returned to England on her.
The Ocean returned to New South Wales with convicts in 1823.
Notes & Links:
1). Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Ocean in 1818
2). Return of Convicts of the Ocean assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 5 July 1832).....
John Olston - Seaman assigned to John Thomson at Wollombi
3). Island of St. Helena....
1). The Times [London, England] 9 Aug. 1817: The Times Digital Archive. Web. 11 Mar. 2013.
2). Colonial Secretary's Correspondence, Copies of Letters Sent Within The Colony, 1814 - 1827. NRS 937; Reel or Fiche Numbers: Reels 6004-6016 (Ancestry)