Ocean was built at Whitby in 1808.
This was her first voyage
bringing convicts to New South Wales. Prisoners from counties
throughout England were transported on the Ocean.
The Times reported.....9 August 1817 - On Wednesday night,
between 7 and 8 o'clock, 22 convicts were put into an
open wagon in the Old Bailey yard, which soon afterwards
drove off on their way to Portsmouth for embarkation to
The early hour attracted a greater crowd than usual
outside; and a curious incident occurred. Several persons
climbed up, as usual on the outside wall, to take a view of the
One of them was
imprudent enough openly to claim acquaintance with one or two of
the most hardened; when the officers in attendance, suspecting
him to be an old offender, rushed out at the gate, and took him
into custody. He was lodged in Newgate with some difficulty. (1).
The prisoners mentioned in this article may have been destined
to embark on the Ocean.
The Ocean was the next convict ship to
leave England for New South Wales after the departure of the
Larkins in July 1817. The
Ocean sailed from Spithead on 21st
August 1817 and called at St. Helena on 31st October where she
remained a week.
This was George Fairfowl's first voyage as
Surgeon Superintendent of a convict ship. He was later employed
as Surgeon on the
Dromedary in 1820, Woodman in 1823,
Sovereign in 1829,
Andromeda in 1830,
Clyde in 1832 and the
Hive in 1834.
George Fairfowl kept a Medical
Journal which commenced on the 24th June 1817. It is a detailed
journal of the particular cases however not as informative as to
the conditions on the vessel as his later journals.
case was that of free passenger Edmund Shackley who took ill in
July after bathing his feet in cold water.
at Port Jackson on 10 January 1818 with 180 male prisoners
having lost two on the passage....Augustus Golding and William
Tarry who both died of consumption. The other prisoners arrived
in general good health, though several had been afflicted with
inflammation of the lungs which was cured during the voyage.
On arrival the men were distributed for service at Parramatta,
Windsor and Liverpool. J.T. Campbell, Colonial Secretary
informed Rev. Marsden, in correspondence dated 16 January 1818:
I herewith transmit you a list of the names of
convicts landed from the transport ship ocean,
Master, of whom are ordered by His Excellency the Governor for
General Distribution among the settlers within the District
where you preside as a Magistrate in the usual way - And to
those to whom His Excellency has already assigned them and whose
names appear in the accompanying list, you will please to
furnish me with a list of the names of the Settlers to whom you
shall assign any of those convicts specifying therein the names
of the convicts so assigned. These men are now sent forward to
Parramatta by water and you are to distribute them according to
the list herewith - You will also receive a general list of
those now forwarded as well for Windsor and Liverpool as for
Parramatta for your guidance in the forwarding of them. Revd.
Samuel Marsden, J.P Parramatta William Cox, Rev. Robert
Cartwright, James Mileham - Windsor Thomas Moore - Liverpool
List of Convicts disembarked form the Ocean and forwarded to
Parramatta, Windsor and Liverpool 16 January 1818:
Sent to Mr. Bayley - Francis Green, Joseph Davis, Solomon Ford,
William Haydon Sent to Captain Brabyn - Samuel Hurst, Joseph
Evenden, Thomas Cox, Hartley Emmett For General Distribution:
Samuel Wolfe, William Bolton, John Brynes, Charles Haddon,
William Hawkins, John Brown, Charles Buckmaster, Daniel Burke,
Thomas Reynolds, John Wilkins William Jones, James Johnston,
George Jackson, John Shelmardine, Jeremiah Desmond, John Whyte,
Windsor: Mr. Cox - James Allen For General distribution: James
Cole, Philip Potts, William Huxforth, John Mitchell, Peter
Johnston, William Webb, Thomas Bottomly, John Davis, John
Abrahams, James Cotton, James Hill, John Olston, C. Brown,
Timothy Geary, John Browman, Thomas Ball, John Moore, Joseph
Capewell, Michael De Courcy, Thomas Cope, Joseph Josephs, John
Cooper, John Clarke 1st, John Hyatt, James Watson, John Clarke
2nd, John Cully, Daniel Beswick, Elijah Chatham, Thomas Thomas.
Liverpool: For Dr.
Townson - John Sumner, James Luker, James
Baird, Thomas Jacobs For J.T. Campbell - John Williams, William
Lane, Edward Brittle, Joseph Belo, William Luff, Robert Long,
James Charles Thomas Merritt for Mr. Meehan Signed Mr.
Hutchinson, Principal Superintendent of Convicts. (2)
Ocean departed Port Jackson for Batavia on 15th February 1818.
Foord Bromley returned to England on her.
returned to New South Wales with convicts in
Notes & Links:
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers
arriving on the Ocean in 1818
Return of Convicts of the Ocean assigned between 1st
January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 5 July 1832).....John Olston - Seaman assigned to John Thomson at Wollombi
3). Island of St. Helena....
1). The Times [London, England] 9 Aug. 1817:
The Times Digital Archive. Web. 11 Mar. 2013.
Secretary's Correspondence, Copies of Letters Sent Within The
Colony, 1814 - 1827. NRS 937; Reel or Fiche Numbers: Reels