Waterloo was built in Bristol in 1815. Convicts were
transported to New South Wales on the Waterloo in
1833, 1836 and
1838 and to Van
Diemen's Land in 1835.
Two hundred and twenty-four convicts
from counties throughout Ireland were embarked on the Waterloo
at Dublin and Cork in spring 1836.(1) They had been
sentenced to transportation for offences including assault,
stealing, vagrancy, highway robbery, house breaking, picking
pockets, manslaughter, embezzlement and also for white boy and
John Butler, James Carty, Cornelius Clohessy, Michael Clohessy, Owen Coleman, John Commons,
Simon Connors, John Creimegan, Thomas Cullen, Lawrence Cunningham,
John Kilroy, Thomas Lynch, John Mulhearn, Denis Read, James Reardon
and Lawrence Rowan were all convicted of various white boy crimes.
The youngest prisoners on board were John Rochford, John
Quinlan, John Morony, James McCabry and Patrick Foley all fourteen
years of age.
departed Dublin on the 21st May 1836.
kept a Medical Journal from 15 April to 10 September 1836.....
The prisoners when they came on board, were apparently healthy
although they seemed in a low state from deficient nourishment. The
Waterloo weighed anchor almost immediately the convicts were
embarked and although the weather was fine they still suffered much
from sea sickness which caused great debility. They were also
unaccustomed to cocoa and were unable to use it. There was
little illness amongst the prisoners during the voyage, just a few
trifling complaints, never more than 5 or 6 at a time.
o'clock every morning the prisoners were ordered upon deck and
remained until twelve when the prison was thoroughly cleaned and
freely ventilated. The prison decks were either dry scraped or dry
stoned. Lime juice and sugar were issued in the proportion of an
ounce of each to a man mixed in a pint of water and one half given
fore and afternoon . This was continued during the period that the
ship was passing through the tropics and on getting to the southward
and eastward when the temperature became much colder an allowance of
wine was added. The voyage was without a symptom of scurvy and the
prisoners were landed in excellent health.
The four men
treated by George Robert's who were mentioned in his journal were:
William Johnston - A stout athletic man with a pale anxious
John Honan - Of a weak habit of body, occasioned
from irregular habits.
John Lawler - Of a scrofulas habit of
John Hassen - Naturally of a weak habit of body and
shattered constitution from previous bad habits.
included Major Cotton, Mrs. Cotton and 4 children. Lieut. Mackay of
28th regt., 20 rank and file of the 28th and 9 of the 50th regiment;
7 women and 5 children.
The Waterloo arrived in
Port Jackson on 6th September 1836. The printed convict
indents included information such as name, age, education, marital
status, native place, offence, trade, when & where convicted, former
convictions and physical descriptions.
Notes & Links:
1). Patrick Quilkan arrived on the Waterloo. He was
assigned to the Australian Agricultural Company on arrival and in
1839 was executed for murder.
Select here to find out more about other Hunter Valley convicts
arriving on the Waterloo in 1836
2). The Commission
- Dublin - Saturday....
Pat. Quinlan (Quilkan?), convicted of
feloniously killing a cow was sentenced to transportation for
John Byrne, sheep stealing; transportation for life;
Anthony Casey, manslaughter; seven years transportation;
Orr, housebreaking; 14 years transportation;
uttering a forged note knowing it to be forged; transportation for
life. - Freeman's Journal 2 November 1835
George Roberts was also employed as surgeon on the convict ships
Lord Melville in 1830 and the
Heroine in 1833
Return of convicts who died in 1870...
6). The convict ship Waterloo under Captain Henry Agar and
surgeon Henry Kelsall was wrecked at Table Bay in 1842 while on the
voyage from Sheerness to Tasmania.
Convict ships bringing detachments of the 28th regiment included the Recovery,
UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 : Ancestry.com
Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and predecessors:
Office of the Director General of the Medical Department of the Navy
and predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804 bundles and
volumes). Records of Medical and Prisoner of War Departments.
Records of the Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines, Coastguard,
and related bodies. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.