Gostwyck Cory arrived on the Allies in 1823.
He was recommended as a free settler and received
assigned convicts and a land grant of 2030 acres. He
was given permission to proceed to Newcastle in the
Fame. Also on board were Edwards's wife Frances and father John
Cory. They were accompanied on the Fame by
their friend from Devon,
John H. Boughton who had purchased land on the Paterson
after arriving the previous year.
his land naming it 'Gostwyck'. He
and his wife and six convicts were to be supplied
from the government stores for six months and they
received eight cows from the Government herd. Two of
the convicts who accompanied the Corys to Paterson
in 1823 were twenty year old John Darling who
arrived on the Ocean in 1823. Darling died in
1841 at Paterson; and Edward Donnelly who arrived on
the Earl St. Vincent in 1823 and died at
Paterson in 1837.
In 1825 Edward Cory
recommended William Chapman for a land grant.
Chapman had arrived on the Allies with Cory
and had, with his wife Mary, been employed by John
Boughton at nearby Tillimby. The Chapman's young daughter Emma was
residing with the Corys in 1828.
Edward Cory owned
other land also. In 1829 he selected 560 acres of
land at Wangi Wangi on Lake
Macquarie. This encompassed all of the peninsula.
Unlike his friend John Boughton, who attempted to
develop his Lake Macquarie land, Cory did little to
develop Wangi and cattle thieves often frequented the area.
He also purchased with other settlers, land at Murrurundi. In 1831 he traversed the Moonbi Ranges opening up the land
beyond the valley. He squatted for a time on land near the Tamworth
area, purchasing some at Uralla which he later sold.
In 1832 mention is
made of Vineyard cottage being a former residence of
Cory's but soon to be used as an Inn as Cory had
built a new house called 'Gostwyck'. Vineyard Cottage was
on the estate that had belonging to
George Frankland who died
in tragic circumstances in 1825, the property
subsequently being purchased by the Corys
In July 1832
Sir Edward Parry entertained Mr. Cory at Tahlee.
They dined with other Officers from the
Agricultural Company. No doubt the two had much to
discuss as Sir Edward Parry had recently returned
from his journey to the Liverpool Plains and passed
through the Page's River area where the Corys owned land.
Edward Cory seems
to have had more trouble than some with his
assigned servants. James Cotton who arrived on the
Mangles in 1824 and was first assigned to A.B.
Sparke before being reassigned to Cory,
absconded in 1826. Twenty six year old William
Sampson who arrived on the Henry in 1823 also
absconded in this year.
a miller who arrived on the Hercules in 1830,
absconded in 1831 along with Charles Burkham a thirty
year old colt breaker who had arrived in 1829 on
board the 'Norfolk'. In 1833 Thomas Holland
In October 1833
Cory almost lost his life after being assaulted by
one of his disgruntled servants. Joseph Coleman
arrived on the Marquis of Huntley in 1830 when he
was 21 years old. On the morning of the assault
other convicts had been allowed to spend an extra
ten minutes for breakfast as their flour had not
been issued on time. When they did not come out to
work when the horn sounded, Cory went to
investigate. He directed Coleman, who had already
eaten, to work in the quarry and obtained a spade
for him from one of the huts. Coleman then struck
Cory on the side of the head with the spade
rendering him unconscious. Coleman stated that he
had 'done it to get hanged as he could not stand the
tyranny on the farm any longer; he said he had done
his best to kill him, and if he had missed he was
sure there were some others on the farm who would do
it effectually'. Despite objections, Coleman was later hanged at
Bellevue. This did not deter more convicts from
absconding however, James Kenney a 28 year old
cloth maker from Plymouth who arrived on the
Parmelia in 1832, absconded in 1834, and two
years later Michael Johnson per Larkins absconded
and was apprehended just before Christmas in 1836.
1835 controversy was sparked in the colony when the
editor of the 'Colonist' recorded that Cory had been
accused of cattle stealing. Cory was apparently
absent from Paterson at the time as he was
establishing his property on the Liverpool Plains. A
disgruntled employee, William Lucas (possibly
constable William Lucas who had apprehended Joseph
Coleman two years earlier), decided to steal a
bullock from the bush and lay the blame on Cory who
had not brought out Lucas' wife and children from
England as promised. Lucas told a fellow farm worker
Daniel Keating that he would rather be in an iron
gang or road party than on the farm. Lucas was
charged with cattle stealing himself when several
workers - John Taylor, Thomas Priest, Robert
Fish and Thomas Holland - testified against him. He
was later sentenced to a penal settlement for life.
At Gostwyck, Cory
constructed a water mill in 1831. It was situated
just above the navigation of the river and ground at the rate of 8
bushells an hour which was a great acquisition to the area as before
hand mills were used or the grain was sent away to be ground. No doubt he found his
assigned servant Silvester Grougan useful on his
farm as Grougan was a miller. Years later in 1848
when obtaining workers was not so easy, Cory had to
advertise for a miller. Mr. Brewner was working the
mill in the 1840's.
interested in raising blood stock and entered a
blood horse in the Hunter river Agricultural Show in
1847. He also owned a copper mine 2 miles from
Paterson in 1847
In 1836 Edward
Gostwyck Cory worked on a committee to raise funds
for a church to be built at Paterson.
was buried in the grounds of St. Paul's Church with his wife thirty
seven years later.
Notes & Links:
Select here to find some of the convicts assigned to E.G.
Cory at Paterson
rough sketch of the southern portion of E.G. Cory's 2000 acres grant at
Paterson - National Library of Australia Digital Maps
Image at State Library NSW
Beginnings of Toowoomba
The Pioneers - by Wilfred Goold
Reminiscences of the Paterson District
Reminiscences of Aboriginal
Tribes - Hunter and Paterson