George Jackson Frankland was master of the ship 'Anne'. He married Sarah
Jackson in North Allerton, York in October 1822 shortly
before departing for the colonies.....
History and Antiquities of North Allerton, in the County
of York - Marriages
departed England on 15th December 1822 and arrived in
Hobart via Rio on 16th May 1823. Passengers included
Mrs. Frankland, Mr and Mrs Nowell, Mr and Mrs. Hook and
three children, Mr. Ralph Turner, Dr. McDonald, Mr.
Charles Simeon Marsden, James Fryett and George Cathcart.
In 1822 George Frankland was recommended as a
free settler in Van Diemen's Land. He made voyages
between Van Dieman's Land and Sydney and in 1824 he was
paid from the Colonial Fund for passage of the Colonial
Botanist and plants.
A son George was born to
George and Sarah Frankland in 1823.
Jackson Frankland was later granted 2000 acres of land
in New South Wales. He applied to have convicts assigned
to him and in 1824 Thomas Connor who had arrived on the
Isabella was to be victualled from the stores at
Newcastle for six months. George Frankland was
living in Parramatta at this time.
Later in 1824 George Frankland, his wife and child were being supplied
from the government stores from Newcastle. He had selected land 4 miles above Paterson between
the grants of Edward and John Cory. Here a dwelling was
constructed and named Vineyard Cottage. It contained 2
parlours, 3 bedrooms, cellars and offices. Early in 1825
he was recommending to the Government that
be granted land .
John Hillier was a leasee of
Ship Inn in
Newcastle, one of the two Inns operating in the first
few years after the town was opened for settlement.
Later that year George Frankland accompanied
Edward Cory in pursuit
of bushrangers in the district including the notorious
Edward McCabe as well as the gang known as
Jacob's Irish Brigade.
His suggestion that young unmarried men should
volunteer to pursue the bushrangers leaving married men
to protect their families was not unreasonable as a
women had already been raped, but it brought down on his
head stinging criticism which implied that he was a
coward. He had little time left in the world to correct
the damage to his reputation but placed the following
correspondence in the Australian. ....
To the Editors of The Australian.
Gentlemen. I have been informed by a friend of a
paragraph in your Newspaper asserting my unwillingness
to pursue the bushrangers, as I had a family to protect,
Mr. Cory, with a family of eight children bravely
followed them. This might be received by some with much
disadvantage to myself; and, I trust you will in
justice, correct the error. I never refused to follow
the bushrangers, and Mr. Cory has no child that he
bravely followed them- I am not aware at what distance:
but that he would do so, if required, I believe. In
January 1824 my huts were robbed of some trifling
articles, and my, tent attempted by four bushrangers. I
sent to Mr. Cory, early the following morning, and we
traced them by means of blacks; at length we overtook
four armed men and succeeded in taking two; one of whom.
I believe is the notorious M'Cabe. The other two made
their escape. Mr. Cory wounded McCabe, and fortunately
for us their arms were not in order. The above
assertion accompanied by
Captain Gillman’s letter inclosed, will, perhaps, prove to the public I was not
afraid to follow bushrangers; although I might 'have
expressed myself that the young unmarried men ought to
take, the lead, and the married with families stay at
home: for what man would like to leave His wife exposed
to violation and every insult, and would not resist it
with his last blood. I am Gentlemen, your most obedient
servant, George -J. Frankland. (The Australian 3
In December 1825 George Frankland
died in Sydney having suffered three bouts of fever said
to have been exacerbated by anxiety. He was 33 years of
age and his son George was just two years old.
By January of 1826 his house and land were being
advertised in the Sydney Gazette to be let for seven
Edward G. Cory was occupying Vineyard
Cottage by 1829 while his house 'Gostwyck' was being
constructed. Later Vineyard Cottage was to become an
Inn, one of the first in the area.
Cottage Farm was again advertised in the Maitland
Mercury in August 1855. It was occupied by
Henry Boyce and there were 70 acres of arable land
and 2000 acres of grazing land. Interested parties could
Gilbert Cory of Vacy or G. Frankland of Sydney
Sarah Frankland returned to England where she died in
The following correspondence appeared in
the Maitland Mercury in May 1881:
DEATH OF MRS. FRANKLAND. In the obituary columns of
your issue of the 21st April, appeared the following
announcement:-"Death: On Good Friday, March 15th, at
North House, Ripon, Yorkshire, England, aged 87 years,
Sarah, relict of George Jackson Frankland, of Vineyard
(now Mowbray) Paterson River.- Received by cablegram.
The death of this lady, as an old colonist, and one of
the earliest settlers in the Paterson River, calls for
more than a mere passing notice. The late Mrs. Frankland
was born at Northallerton, in the vale of Mowbray,
Yorkshire, in March, 1794; consequently at the time of
her death in April last, she had entered upon her 88th
year. She married George Jackson Frankland in 1822, and
arrived with her husband, the captain and owner of the
ship Ann, in Port Jackson, in August or September, 1823,
shortly before the birth of their son George J.
Frankland (now of Mowbray). Relinquishing the sea Mr.
Frankland took possession of his grant on the Paterson
River, now known as Mowbray, formerly as Vineyard, Mrs.
Frankland resided at Parramatta during the time her
husband was engaged in erecting a dwelling at Vineyard.
One of the chief objects Mr. Frankland had in settling
on his grant was to cultivate the grape and he it was
who introduced the first vine into the Paterson
district. At this time no land was taken up beyond
Vineyard, and the blacks were very numerous; cedar and
rosewood abounded on the property, and Mr. Frankland had
large quantities cut and forwarded to England. At this
time roads were unmade, the river being the only means
of access to the lower parts of the district. During a
visit to Sydney Mr. Frankland was seized with fever, and
died after a few days' illness. Consequently his widow,
the subject of this notice, returned to England in 1826
with her children, and remained there during the rest of
her life, leaving the management of her affairs in the
hands of her kind friend Mr J. P. Webber, of Tocal
including the stock of cattle and sheep who, on
disposing of Tocal, handed over the trust to the late
Mr. Alexander Park, who
retained the supervision until the arrival of the
present occupant of Mowbray in the colony, in 1844,
previous to which Mr. Park disposed of the stock, at
remunerative prices. His administration of the affairs
was marked throughout with sterling ability. It will
thus be seen that the late Mrs. Frankland was the oldest
survivor of the first Paterson settlers. She always took
a warm interest in the astonishing progress of the
colony. She retained her faculties up to the last, but
unfortunately was not spared to welcome her eldest
grand-child, who at the time of her death was on her way
to England, to be a companion and comfort to her in her
declining days, having left the colony by the Parramatta
for that purpose on her last trip. Mrs. Frankland's
second son, a medical man, resided with his mother at
Ripon until his death in 1879. By his death the old lady
became very desolate, her other two remaining sons being
in Australia ; and it was chiefly for the purpose of
enlivening again the spirit of the old lady that Miss
Frankland left her paternal home on her message of love.
By telegram we learn that the Parramatta reached England
on the 29th April, so that Miss Frankland reached
England fourteen days only after the death of her