|Embarked 194 men
Voyage 181 days
Surgeon's Journal - No
Guildford arrived 8 April 1816
5 October 1816
Master Walter Meriton.
The Atlas was built in
Whitby in 1812. She was a single decked vessel with beams
and was sheathed in copper.
A detachment of 34 men
including non-commissioned officers and privates of the 89th
regiment under command of Lieutenant Kenny formed the Guard
on the Atlas.
Select here to read about the Trial of Lieutenant Edward
Kenny of the 89th regiment for the manslaughter of the
surgeon Robert Charlton in 1826.
Other convict ships
bringing soldiers of the 89th regiment included the
The prisoners of the Atlas were tried in
various districts of England and Scotland as well as Bermuda
and Canada. Most were held in the hulks before being
embarked on the Atlas.
The passengers were embarked on 19th December
1815 and included free settler William Howe Esq. with wife
and family of six children. Missionaries
Rev. Lancelot Threlkeld and Mr. William Ellis and their
The Atlas was delayed at
Portsmouth at first by contrary winds and then by dysentery.
They departed Portsmouth 23 January 1816 with 194 male
William Ellis and Rev. Threlkeld
preached to the convicts when the weather permitted and the
Threlkeld's first child, William was born at sea on Sunday,
17 March, 1816. When the Atlas called at Rio de
Janeiro on 21st March, Martha, the wife of Rev. Threlkeld
and their new born baby William were ill and Rev. Threlkeld
refused to leave. William died at Rio de Janeiro and was
interred in the English burial ground. The Atlas
sailed from Rio on 29th April 1816. (1)
Atlas arrived in Port Jackson on Monday 22 July 1816
with 187 prisoners. The Sydney Gazette reported
that one prisoner, Simon Mallard had been consigned to a
watery grave on the passage out. One of the crew Lionel
Bunderlin also died on the passage; and Peter Ramsdail, a
youth fell overboard and was drowned.
On 26th July
Colonial Surgeon D'arcy Wentworth was advised to arrange for
the removal of five sick people from the ship who were to be
forwarded to the General Hospital on shore as the surgeon
superintendent thought their present weakly state would be
much benefited by good air and wholesome food. They were
taken to the new General Hospital (rum hospital) which had
been opened in April 1816.
Select here to find out more about the early history of
The convict indents reveal the
prisoner's name, time and place of conviction, sentence,
native place, trade, physical description and occasional
information such as tickets of leave or conditional pardons.
There is no information as to where and to whom the men were
assigned. Sixty of the prisoners were under the age of 21.
The Atlas departed Port Jackson bound for
Batavia on 12 September 1816. On the 28th September 1816 the
Sydney Gazette gave details of three young women
Sarah Corbett and Elizabeth Wright both arrived on the
and Mary Price a Welsh woman, - all three were reported to
have absconded on the Atlas when she departed on
the 12th September.
Patrick Hill was also surgeon
Earl St. Vincent in 1820.
Notes & Links:
1). In Sydney in July 1818 eleven desperate convicts
made a bid for freedom by attempting to steal two boats.
They attempted this while Governor Macquarie was on a
Newcastle settlement and there was no mercy for them
when they were captured soon afterwards. Robert Hanna,
Alexander Sutherland and James Tullock who all arrived on
the Atlas were among the eleven pirates. Find out
more about their attempted escape
here. The Governor
considered them all to be of the most depraved characters in
the colony and they were sentenced to work at hard labour in
double irons at the Lime Kilns
near Newcastle for up to three years.
Hall first arrived as a convict on the Atlas. He was
re-transported on the
Albion in 1827.
George Fenwick Jackson was born c. 1788 and employed as
a merchant and supercargo in England. He was sentenced to 7
years transportation for larceny in Durham in 1815. He was
sent to the Justitia hulk and from there to the
Atlas. After arrival in Australia he was sent to VDL
and in 1818 he was sentenced to 5 years at Newcastle penal
station. In 1819 he was sentenced to death for the brutal
murder of John Williams at Newcastle and after spending 3
years in Sydney gaol his sentence was commuted to
transportation for life. He appealed to have his sentence
quashed in 1820, claiming at the time that he was the son
and heir of a Baronet. He was sent to Port Macquarie where
he was eventually employed as Chief Constable. By the time
he received a conditional pardon in 1833 he was 45 years of
age and it was noted that he had a speech impediment from a
4). More about Rev. Threlkeld.....
5). James Brandon 17 years of age when he was
tried in Buckinghamshire on 10th July 1815 and sentenced to
transportation for life for sheep stealing. He was admitted
to the Justitia Hulk on 8th September 1815 and sent to the
Atlas on 30th November. On arrive in the colony he was sent
to Parramatta district. In 1824 he was employed by Mr. Blaxland in the district of Evan. He received a ticket of
leave in 1870 and died at Parramatta Hospital in 1873.
Papers, Great Britain.
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Atlas in
7). The Atlas was one of nine convicts
ships arriving in New South Wales in 1816 the others being
1,415 prisoners arrived in NSW in 1816.
of prisoners, date and place of Conviction and sentences -
Parliamentary Papers, House of Commons and Command, Volume
16 By Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons - Atlas
Raven, Majorie, Rev. Lancelot Edward Threlkeld, 1992