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Convict Ship Lord Eldon 1817


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Embarked: 221 men
Voyage: 174 days
Surgeon's Journal: no
Previous vessel: Almorah arrived 29 August 1817
Next vessel: Larkins arrived 22 November 1817
Captain James Thomas Lamb
Surgeon Superintendent James Bowman
Chief Officer Llewellyn Bishop



The Lord Eldon was built at Shields in 1802. (1)  She was the next convict ship to leave England for New South Wales after the departure of the Almorah. The Lord Eldon departed England on 9th April 1817 and called at Madeira & Rio de Janeiro.

At Madeira one prisoner escaped by swimming ashore. Four other prisoners died on the voyage.

There is no surgeon's journal available for the Lord Eldon, however James Bowman kept a journal on the voyage of the John Barry in 1819 and his methods for organizing the prisoners were probably similar on this voyage.

Two hundred and fifteen male prisoners arrived in Port Jackson on the Lord Eldon on 30 September 1817.

Governor Macquarie recorded in his Journal on the 30th September - The Lord Eldon Male Convict Ship commanded by Capt. Jas. Thos. Lamb, anchored this forenoon in the Harbour from England which she left on the 21st. of April last having touched at Rio Janeiro. 215 (out of 220 Embarked) male Convicts have arrived in good Health on board the Lord Eldon, guarded by a Detachment of 30 men of the 46th. Regt. under the command of Lt. Norman Mc.Lean of the Royals or 1st. Regt. of Foot.

 A strange sight greeted those who came to the Sydney docks to witness the arrival of the ship. From glass houses erected on deck emerged a fine selection of camellias and roses interspersed with fruit trees such as figs, oranges, plum, lemons, quinces, grapes, pomegranate, guavas and olives. Macarthur's diary notes that he had olives in four pots and two olive plants from Provence. (Australia's Remarkable Trees by Richard Allen) (3)

The Headquarters of the 46th regiment commanded by Lieut-Col George James Molle arrived on the Windham and other detachments arrived on the Ocean, Fame, Recovery, Elizabeth, Larkins, Three Bees, General Hewitt, Guildford, Surry, Surry, Shipley, Sir William Bensley, Morley, Marquis of Wellington, Canada, Bencoolen and Coromandel

Convict Ships bringing detachments of the 46th regtiment to Australia

Passengers included John McArthur and two sons sons William and John.  Henry Early and wife Mary also arrived as free passengers on the Lord Eldon.

James Freeman arrived as a convict on the Lord Eldon. He was sent to work at the limeburner's gang and after absconding was punished in 1819. He later married and settled down near Norah Head where he ran a dairy on land owned by Robert Henderson. His premises were visited by the Jewboy gang in 1840.

Samuel Henry Horne also arrived on the Lord Eldon. For his part in capturing the bushranger John McNamara he was awarded a land grant and pardon. He later became known throughout the Upper Hunter as the Chief Constable at Patrick Plains. Read his biography at
Family History Society, Singleton

James Woodley
gained notoriety for his part in piratically stealing the pilot boat at Newcastle with several other felons. They were chased into Rushcutters Bay 60 miles to the south. A wanted notice was posted soon afterwards, however he probably remained at large until January 1822 when he gave himself up under a Proclamation by Sir Thomas Brisbane and was sent to Port Macquarie.

Samuel Bailey arrived as a convict on the Lord Eldon. He was sentenced to 14 years transportation for stealing a watch in 1820 and sent to Newcastle penal settlement. He was employed as turnkey at the Newcastle gaol in 1830 and lockup keeper at Maitland in 1835. He married Sarah Morris in 1836 and became publican at the Cottage of Content Inn at East Maitland in the 1840's.  See  Sarah Morris - from mother to convict to publican  - By descendant Janelle Collins

The Lord Eldon departed Port Jackson bound for Batavia in December 1817. She stopped in at Hobart to deliver there two convicts who had absconded on board from Sydney - George Edwards, shipwright by trade; John Richards, Clerk by profession. In April 1818 these two men absconded from Sullivan's Cove, Derwent River in two Government boats with several other men.


Notes & Links:

1). James Bowman was also surgeon on the convict ships
Mary Anne in 1816 and the John Barry in 1819

2). Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Lord Eldon in 1817

3). Allen, Richard, Australia's Remarkable Trees, Miegunyah Press,  2009, p. 126


References:

1. . Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.340-341








 
 

 

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