Voyage: 13 weeks
Surgeon's Journal: no
Mary Anne arrived
19 January 1816
4 April 1816
Master Alexander Johnston
Edward Ford Bromley
|The Ocean was built in
Quebec in 1800. This was the only voyage she made bringing
convicts to New South Wales.
The prisoners came from
districts throughout England. They were mostly held on
the hulks until being embarked on the Ocean.
Sixty were under the age of 21 years. Their occupations
included tinmakers, sailmakers, farmers, fishermen, sawyers,
shoe makers, stone cutters and grooms
Ocean departed England late October 1815, sailed via
Rio de Janeiro and arrived in Port Jackson on 30 January
1816 after a passage of thirteen weeks.
consisted of a detachment of 46th regiment., and a small
party of the 56th regiment., Officers Lieutenant Nepean and
Ensign Charles James Bullivant of the 46th. The Headquarters
of the 46th regiment commanded by Lieut-Col George James
Molle arrived on the Windham and other detachments arrived
Another detachment of the 56th regiment arrived on
Rev. John Youl from the British and Foreign
Bible Society came as a free passenger. Governor Macquarie
wrote of him in correspondence to Under Secretary Goulburn
in March 1816....
The Revd. Mr. Youl arrived in
the Ocean Transport on the 30th January last in good health
and greatly improved in looks and manner, since he left this
country for England in the year 1813. I think Mr. Youl is a
very great acquisition to the colony for we greatly want a
few really pious and good men like him in this country as
Divines, and I wish we had two or three more like him,. I
shall be most happy on account of your recommendation of him
to pay every little attention in my power to Mr. Youl, and
to forward his views in any way I can. (1)
herald and seaman's magazine
The prisoners would
have been inspected on board and a muster conducted. The
indents for the Ocean include the Name, Date and
Place of Conviction, Sentence, Native Place, Occupation,
Age, Physical Description and occasional information about
tickets of leave and pardons. After the convicts were landed
they were assigned to various settlers or government
service. John Thorn was paid £6 from the Colonial Fund for
supplying six carts to convey the prisoners to their various
Select here to find out more about the disembarkation of
Forty-one prisoners have been identified
residing in the Hunter Valley region in the following years.
There was also a soldier of the 48th regiment, Charles
Powell who arrived free on the Ocean. He was later
convicted of a colonial crime and joined the rank of felons.
As with convict John Dickenson he was sent to the
Limeburner's gang near
Select here to find out more about convicts and passengers
arriving on the Ocean.
The Ocean departed Port
Jackson bound for Batavia in March 1816.
Notes & Links:
Samuel Marshall a farmer from Nottingham who was
convicted at Doncaster Assizes was assigned to
John Howe on arrival. He
accompanied Howe on his second expedition of discovery to
the Hunter River. Samuel Marshall later became innkeeper at
the Shamrock Inn at Black Creek.
Edward Priest a locksmith/ blacksmith from Warwick was
sent to Newcastle in 1817 and resided there for the rest of
3). The Ocean was one of nine convicts
ships arriving in New South Wales in 1816 the others being
Surry. Approximately 1,415 prisoners arrived in NSW in 1816.
4). Edward Foord Bromley gave evidence before the Select
Committee in 1819.......
Read more about Dr. Edward F. Bromley's evidence before
a Select Committee in 1819 regarding his treatment of the
convicts on the Almorah and the Ocean
Edward Bromley was also surgeon on the
Calcutta in 1803,
in 1833 and the
4). Number of prisoners, date
and place of Conviction and sentences -
Parliamentary Papers, House of Commons and Command,
Volume 16 By Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons -
4). Return of Convicts of the
Ocean assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st
March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 21 June 1832; 28 June 1832;
5 July 1832).....
||Farmer and shepherd
assigned to John Dunstan at Wilberforce
||Sailmaker assigned to
Ensign C. Miller 17 th Regiment
||Sailmaker assigned to Roger
Shear at Lower Branch
||Plasterer assigned to
George Rankin at Bathurst
(1) HRA, Series 1, Vol.