Surgeon's Journal: no
Fanny arrived 18
Ocean arrived 30
Captain John Arbuthnot.
Follow the Female Convict Ship Trail
Mary Anne was built at Batavia in 1807. This was the
first of her two voyages bringing female convicts to New
South Wales, the other being in
She was the next convict ship to leave
England for New South Wales after the departure of the
in April 1815.
The Leeds Mercury reported on 2 June 1815, that
two prisoners, Mary Griffin and Mary Thomas were to
be taken from York Castle and delivered on board the
Mary Anne convict ship lying at Deptford in
readiness to be transported to New South Wales.
|Other prisoners may have first been taken to
Newgate where they would have joined women who had
come from counties throughout England and Scotland
including Somerset, Devon, Lancaster, Surry,
Norfolk, Chester, Berkshire, Cumberland and Glasgow.
The transfer of female prisoners from
Newgate to the convict ships was described by
Frequently batches of female convicts were
despatched to New South Wales, and, according to the custom
at Newgate, departure was preceded by total disregard of
order. Windows, furniture, clothing all were
wantonly destroyed; while the procession from the
prison to the convict ship was one of brutal,
were conveyed to Deptford, in open wagons, accompanied by
the rabble and scum of the populace. These crowds follow the
wagons, shouting to the prisoners, defying all regulations,
and inciting them to more defiance of rules. Some
of the convicts were laden with irons; others were chained
together by twos.
In the Deal shipping news
dated 18th July it was reported that the Mary Anne
had come down the river to Deal in preparation for leaving
for New South Wales. (1)
James Bowman was on his
first voyage as Surgeon Superintendent and his only one on a
female transport. His medical journal for the voyage does
not seem to have survived for this voyage or that of the
1817 voyage of the
to find out more about his journal for the voyage of the
John Barry in 1819.
Commissioner John Thomas
Bigge's report of 1820 includes his thoughts on the
Punishment of female convicts.
The Mary Ann
arrived in Port Jackson on 19 January 1816, twenty-eight
years after the arrival in Botany Bay of the
convicts in 1788.
Prisoner Jane Digby died on
20th January 1816, one day after arriving. The women would
have been mustered on board by the Colonial Secretary. The
convict indents include information such as Name, Date and
Place of Conviction, Sentence, Native Place, Age and
occasional information about Tickets of Leave and Pardons.
Sometimes the women were defined by their husband's name
e.g. - Elizabeth, wife of William Robinson and Sarah, wife
of Michael Keating. The Sydney Gazette reported on 20th
January that distribution of the female convicts would take
place at the Lumber Yard on Thursday 25th January.
Select here to find out more about the distribution of
Heritage Branch site at one time described the lumber
yard vicinity : - The Government Convict Lumber Yard,
established by Governor Phillip, was established on the
south-west side of the ‘Bridgeway’ (Bridge Street) over the
Tank Stream and east of ‘High Street’ (George Street). It
extended to the bank of the Tank Stream. In 1806 part of the
yard was leased to Garnham Blaxcell, a merchant and trader
who entered into partnership with John McArthur who leased
property across the road in George Street. In 1810 the new
governor, Lachlan Macquarie, gave Blaxcell, Alexander Riley
and D’Arcy Wentworth a contract to build a general hospital
to be completed in 1816, in return for the right to import
45,000 gallons of spirits over the next three years.
Free passengers included William Lees (son of
convict John Lees, deceased), later described as a sober,
industrious man. Wife arrived free on the Northampton;
Stephen Milton who became pilot and harbour master at Port
Jackson; and Joseph Moss whose occupation was later
described as 'dealer'.
Barbara Styles; Sarah Hall; George Board, later departed
on the Mary (4); Mary Ann Robinson and two year old daughter
Elizabeth. Mary Ann Robinson was the wife of Richard
Robinson who arrived on the Fanny (5); Mary Wilkins wife
convict Thomas Wilkins and Samuel Wilkins also arrived free
on the Mary Anne.
Mary Collicott, wife of Thomas
Collicott per Earl
Spencer, arrived as a free passenger also. Governor
Macquarie referred to her in correspondence to Under
Secretary Goulburn dated 22 March 1816...
the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your Private Letters
under dates the 27th June and 13th of August, 1815, the
former recommending Mrs. Collicott and her Family and the
latter the Revd. Mr. Youl to my favor and good offices. I
can only assure you of my being sincerely disposed to meet
your good wishes in favor of those Persons. Mrs. Collicott
is an interesting respectable woman, and with so large a
Family to provide for is much to be pities. I have put
herself and her whole Family in the meantime on the Store,
and intend giving her eldest son a Grant of Land very soon
with the usual indulgences granted here to Free Settlers,
the Father not being yet eligible for receiving a Grant of
Land in his own name on account of his still labouring under
the sentence of the law, but it is my intention to give him
a Conditional Pardon in January next, which will make him
eligible for receiving lands in his own name and to hold any
Colonial Office that he may be found fit for. I shall be
most happy to afford this unfortunate family every
reasonable protection and assistance in my power, in as far
as their own situation and the Rules I have laid down for my
own Government in such cases will admit of, both on their
own account and the warm interest you appear to take in
their welfare. (2) The Australian Dictionary of
Biography includes an entry for John Thomas Collicott who
was..... the only son of Thomas Collicott, who was
transported for failing to affix duty stamps to bottles of
medicine. In January 1816 Collicott, with his stepmother,
formerly the wife of Richard Allen, a physician to the
Prince Regent, and members of his and her families, arrived
in Sydney in the Mary Ann. They had a letter of introduction
from influential friends to Governor Lachlan Macquarie, and
Collicott was granted 200 acres (81 ha) of land at the Five
Islands. (3) Mary Collicott was appointed Matron of the
Female Orphan Institute which had been established in 1801.
She retained the position until 1821 when she resigned and
Susannah Matilda Ward
was appointed in her place.
The Mary Anne
was one of two convict ships bringing female prisoners to
New South Wales in 1816, the other being the
The Mary Anne departed for Batavia on 2nd
1) Ann Burrell was sent to
Newcastle penal settlement for a colonial crime in March
1816. She later married
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Mary
Anne in 1816
3). The Mary Anne was one of nine
convicts ships arriving in New South Wales in 1816 the
others being the
Approximately 1,415 prisoners arrived in NSW in 1816.
4). Number of prisoners, date and place of Conviction
and sentences - Parliamentary Papers, House of Commons and
Command, Volume 16 By Great Britain. Parliament. House of
Commons - Mary Anne.........
(1) The Morning Post 21 July 1815
Series 1, vol. IX, p. 97
The Australian Dictionary of Biography
Colonial Secretary's Index. The muster roll of the "Mary"
reopened to add the name of George Board as a passenger, a
free man who came to the Colony in the "Mary Ann", Arbuthnot
Master (Reel 6018; 4/3521 pp.142-3)
(5) 1828 Census