Castle was built at Bristol in 1819. Convicts were transported
to Australia on the Roslin Castle in 1828 (VDL),
1833, 1834 and
Prisoners transported on the Roslin Castle on this voyage
came from counties throughout England. - Essex, Nottinghamshire,
London, Staffordshire, Chelsea, Worcestershire, Wiltshire, Kent.
The Roslin Castle departed London on 27th May 1834.
This was surgeon Robert Espie's seventh voyage on a convict ship. He
kept a Medical Journal from 17 May 1834 to 25 September
There were only seven cases which he
considered serious. Three of these men died on the voyage out. -
1) James Bond age 19 who had concealed his illness on embarkation
because he was eager to go. In the confusion of getting all the
convicts on board, it was a day and a half before Robert Espie knew
anything of his illness. He died while the ship was still at
2) Edward Gale age 29 died of a ruptured blood vessel.
He was already ill when embarked
3) George Turner aged 69
caught a chill after leaving the Cape of Good Hope and despite
treatment and nourishment, never recovered. The surgeon considered
him a very healthy old man and thought he would have recovered had
the ship not been so cold and wet for so long. He did not believe
that a Surgeon Superintendent should have the power to refuse a man
solely on account of his age but he thought it would be prudent to
send all the younger ones first.
Robert Espie was one of the
most experienced convict ship Surgeons. He thought that novice
surgeons in charge of convicts almost always fell into the trap of
keeping the convicts in irons, and not allowing them free access to
the deck, for 'apprehension lest the convicts rise and cut his
throat'. He thought this had a dispiriting effect and, combined with
the lack of fresh air and exercise, gave rise to many ailments which
did not occur when the convicts were free of their irons and allowed
In his seven previous voyages in charge of
convicts, Robert Espie had never before encountered sea scurvy. On
this voyage there were at least 20 cases during the very damp and
blowy weather after passing the Cape of good Hope.
Passengers included Lieut. J.B. Dalway, 2nd of Queen's Own Regiment;
Andrew Du Moulin, Esq., surgeon,
50th regiment; Mrs. Du Moulin and 11 children; 29 rank and file of
50th regt., 7 women and 14 children. Lieutenant Dalway departed the
colony for Madras in January 1835.
The Roslin Castle
arrived in Port Jackson on 15 September 1834. Two hundred and
eighteen prisoners were mustered on board on 19th September 1834.
(Five were sick on shore; four sick on board; three died on the
passage out). William Barrett died in the General Hospital
Sydney on the day of arrival, 15th September.
indents give information including name, age, education, marital
status, family, religion, native place, offence, date and place of
trial, trade or calling, sentence, former convictions, physical
description and occasional information regarding place and dates of
deaths, colonial crimes. There is no information as to where and to
whom the prisoners were assigned on arrival.
1). Robert Espie was employed as
Surgeon-Superintendent on the convict ships
Morley in 1817,
in 1820, Lord
Sidmouth in 1823, Lady
Rowena in 1826, Mary in 1830(VDL) Roslin
Castle in 1834 and the
2). Detachments of the 50th Regiment arrived on the Surry,
Henry Tanner and
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers
arriving on the Roslin Castle in 1834
4). James Crady
alias John Jones, 31, Native place
Originally he transported on the
Mary in 1833. He returned to England illegally and was
re-transported on this voyage of the Roslin Castle. He escaped from the colony
again and was returned by the
Eden in 1840.
5). Convict James
Franklin was being transported for the second time, having been
first sent on the Fame
6). The indents state
that Edmund Campbell Brewer was a school-master, married father of
5, convicted of forgery at Worcester.....The following reports tell
a different story.....
Edmund Campbell Brewer was sent to
Port Macquarie on arrival. His wife Anne gave birth to their son
Robert Henry there in December 1835. Another three children were
born at Port Macquarie. Ann was Matron at the Port Macquarie
hospital in 1840. Edmund Campbell Brewer died at Balmoral Cottage,
Burwood N.S.W. in 1891 aged 93