Voyage: 109 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous vessel: King William
arrived 17 August 1840
Pekoe arrived 6 November 1840
Captain Edward Canney
Colin Arrott Browning
the Irish Convict Ship Trail
Female prisoners were
transported to New South Wales on the Margaret in
1839 and this voyage in
1840. The Margaret was the last
convict ship to transport female prisoners to New South Wales.
Colin Arrott Browning kept a Medical
Journal from 20 April 1840 to 26 August 1840. On 15th April he
attended the Grange Gorman prison in Dublin to inspect women who were to be
embarked on the Margaret.
They were all dressed in new clothes. For
the voyage they were each issued with two jackets, two linen shifts,
two pairs of stockings, two handkerchiefs, two caps, one pair of
shoes and two petticoats. He accepted 101 women on this day and they
were embarked on 20th April. Another 32 were embarked four days
later. One was later returned to the prison, too ill to make the
The Margaret departed Kingstown, Dublin on 30 April 1840 with
131 female prisoners, 21 children of convicts and 17 free female
settlers. Mr Swanzy (Swansea) also came as a free settler.
The surgeon remarked that his duties consisted of
endeavouring to prevent rather than to cure disease. When the
prisoners were embarked they were instructed with reference to the
important points of giving due attention to the state of their
stomach and bowels and of making the earliest possible application
to him in the event of the slightest deviation of perfect health.
The hospital bell was rung at stated hours morning and evening which
called the attention of all to the regulations laid down for their
Dr. Browning became ill with a severely injured leg
on 2nd August 1840 and remained so until the vessel reached Sydney
although he continued his medical duties throughout the voyage. He
came into conflict with the male passenger Mr. Swanzy whose
embarkation on the Margaret I cannot but deeply regret as I must
consider him the cause of unutterable mischief...at a time when I
was almost sinking under the influence of fever and of arduous
labour amongst the prisoners, and disappointment, chiefly arising
from the destructive tending of Mr. Swanzy to conduct to neutralize
all my efforts to instruct and reclaim the wretched women who had
been entrusted to my care.
Children on the Margaret -
Edward O'Neill, Patrick Traynor, William Nugent, Mary Byrne,
Eliza Sloan, Mary Kelly, Mary A. Mooney, Maria Dunne, Mary Reilly,
Patrick Rourke, Nicholas Doyle, William Sullivan, Peter Victory,
John Cranson, Bridget Hollywood, Thomas, John and Patrick Flaher,
Elizabeth Taylor, Jane Furlong, Judith Callaghan, John and Hugh
Free passengers on the Margaret -
Mary Ryan, Norah Ryan from Tipperary Eliza Green, Isaac Gree, James
Green, Thomas Green from Antrim Mary Clarke, John McEntee, James
McEntee from Cavan Catherine Doyle, Mary Doyle from Roscommon Thoms
Shearer, Andrew Shearer from Wicklow John and Hugh Hanna from
One hundred and thirty female prisoners arrived in Port Jackson on
18th August 1840, one having died early in the voyage. There had
been two births.
Notes & Links:
1). The Margaret was one of
three convict ships bringing female prisoners to New South Wales in
1840, the others being the
Isabella and the
A total of 461 female prisoners arrived in the colony in 1840.
Arrott Browning was also employed as surgeon on the convict ships
Surry in 1831 Earl
Grey in 1843 (VDL); Theresa in 1845 (VDL)
Bomanjee (VDL) in 1847 and the
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Margaret in 1840
4). Grange Gorman Penitentiary in 1838........
State Records Musters and other papers
relating to convict ships. Series CGS 1155, Reels 2417-2428.