Convict Ship Royal Admiral 1833
Embarked: 220 men
Voyage: 144 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous vessel: Lord
Lyndoch arrived 18 October 1833
Aurora arrived 3 November 1833
Master David Fotheringham
Irish Convict Ship Trail
Admiral was built at Lynn in 1828. Convicts were
transported to New South Wales on the Royal Admiral in
1835 and to Van
Diemen's Land in 1842.
The Royal Admiral commenced
fitting as a convict transport at Deptford on 29th March 1833.
Andrew Henderson kept a Medical Journal from 3 April when he
embarked to 11 November 1833.
Military Guard consisting of Lieut.
Ainslie, 21st regiment, and 21 rank and file of the 21st regiment;
and passengers Quarter-Master Archibald Fairgrieve 21st regiment,
six women and 6 children embarked on 13th April 1833.
Select here to
find convict ships bringing detachments of the 21st regiment.
They departed Deptford bound for Dublin in May, anchoring in
Kingston Harbour on the 9th May 1833.
(influenza) had prevailed to a considerable extent among the
prisoners on board the Essex hulk at Kingston harbour and
it was considered inadvisable to embark prisoners before the 16th
May. Due to the length of their confinement and indigestible and
spare diet a great many of the men were in a debilitated state.
However the vessel was delayed in the harbour until 4th June so the
prisoners were kept on a full allowance of fresh meat and vegetables
and meat and took on a more healthy aspect.
Admiral departed Dublin on 4th June 1833.
Henderson's journal........ The prisoners continued well enough
until 18th September when scurvy began to appear. The ship was at
this time situated at Lat. 37° South and Long 69° ˝ East.
The surgeon stated that “the prisoners had a sallow cast of
countenance, and their faces seemed fatter than natural” and he
“could perceive considerable rise of temperature in the affected
part…, stiffness of the joints or limbs, general weakness and want
of appetite” in a few days the disease became developed in a manner
which could not be mistaken for any other disease, in which at first
diffuse ecchymoma, then purple and ultimately of a jet black aspect
sometimes attended with swelling and hardness. The surgeon pointed
out the case of James Reily, that “the posterior part of the lower
extremities was as black as tar... his countenance became bloated,
swollen and sallow the eyes suffused and as yellow as in icterus or
yellow fever”. On the treatment of the disease the surgeon tried the
nitrate of potass. dissolved in lemon juice and vinegar in a
treatment of scurvy and a small doses of sulphate of magnesia given
in a bitter infusion was preferred to any other purgative.
Andrew Henderson was critical of the condition of the convicts when
taken from the Hulks and stated to the agent for transports who was
present at the muster on the Essex that he could not carry
out 220 prisoners in such a debilitated state of health to Sydney
without losing at least fifteen of them, in which the agent
acknowledged he had never seen prisoners at any former muster look
so bad. The surgeon stated his opinion that many of them were not
fit when they embarked on board the Royal Admiral, however
his view was over ruled by Dr. Trevor Inspector of Prisons and Hulks
The Royal Admiral arrived at Port
Jackson on 26 October 1833. The detachment of the 21st regiment
landed at the Dockyard on Monday 21st October and marched through
the town to the barracks with the Highland Piper at their head,
playing a national air.
Notes & Links:
Hunter Valley Convicts and Passengers arriving on the Royal
Admiral in 1833
21st Regiment had its headquarters in Hobart between 1833 and 1839
and dispatched companies to the settlement at Swan River in Western
3). Lieutenant Colonel Frederick George Ainslie was killed at the
Battle of Inkermann in the Crimean war in 1854. (See
Military Document appointing him to the position of Lieutenant
in January 1833.
See Memorial erected by his family)
4). Prevention and
Treatment of Sea scurvy by Andrew Hamilton......
Convict ships bringing detachments of the 21st regiment (Royal
Place of Departure
Command of the Guard
Daniels 21st regt.,
Pieter L. Campbell. 21st
Fairweather 21st regt.,
Lonsdale & Armstrong 21st regt.,
and Wilson of 6th regt.,
|14 May 1833
|-- June 1833
Leahy. Headquarters of 21st
|4 June 1833
Ainslie 21st regt.,
|5 June 1833
Armstrong 21st regt.,
|4 July 1833
|24 July 1833
|29 July 1833
McEdwin 1st or Queens Own regt.,
McKnight 21st regt.,
|28 March 1838
of 21st regt.,
Jeffrey, A Military History of Australia, Cambridge University
Press, 1999, p. 15