|The Roslin Castle was built at
Bristol in 1819. Convicts were transported to Australia on the
Roslin Castle in 1828
(VDL), 1830, 1833,
George Imlay kept a Medical Journal on the voyage to Australia. It
began on the 10th August when the guard, consisting of soldiers of
the 21st regiment boarded the vessel at Deptford. The Roslin Castle left
Deptford for Ireland two days later, however were obliged to put
into Plymouth because of stormy weather, and did not arrived at
Kingstown harbour until 7th September 1832.
still raging in Dublin and it was reported that two men had died on
the Essex hulk. The following table from House of Common
Papers in 1837 shows the men employed on the Essex and the
number of years of service.
John Lamb, age 50 was the keeper
and had been employed there for 17 years at a salary of £184 12s 4d.
per annum and therefore was keeper of the gaol in 1833.
On 11th September one hundred and fifty two prisoners and
eight free settlers were embarked on the Roslin Castle and the vessel
weighed anchor and put out to sea immediately to prevent
communication between prisoners and their friends with the hope of
lessening the chance of infection. After a stormy passage of five
days when many of prisoners became ill with sea sickness and some
showed signs of cholera, the vessel arrived at Cork Harbour. Seven
men who were still ill were removed to the Surprise Hulk at
The Roslin Castle was the next convict ship
to depart Ireland for New South Wales after the
in July 1832.
The Roslin Castle sailed from Cork
harbour on 8th October 1832 with 195 prisoners and five free
settlers - Patrick Whalan, James Macgrogan, Patrick Neale, Terence
Neale and James Slattery.
The Guard consisted of 30 rank and
file of the 21st regiment accompanied by four women and four
children under the command of Lieutenant Bayley. Other passengers
included Mrs. Bayley and child and
Lieutenant Pieter Laurenz Campbell of the 21st Fusiliers.
Other convict ships bringing detachments of the 21st regiment
Andromeda, Mary Lord Lyndoch,
In the early days of the voyage George Imlay had to deal with
dysentery, ophthalmia, and catarrh.
Scurvy made an appearance amongst the men after only a month at sea.
Nearly one third of the men were affected. Seventeen year old
Lawrence Madden was the first case and seemed to be the most
serious. He was put on the sick list on 11 November 1832 and
discharged to hospital on 10 February 1833, five days after arrival
in the colony. There was one death on the voyage, just one day of
making land at Sydney.
As on the
and the Eliza, a
number of prisoners on the Roslin Castle had been
found guilty of Whiteboy crimes..........The Whiteboys (Irish:
Buachaillí Bána) were a secret Irish agrarian organization in
18th-century Ireland which used violent tactics to defend tenant
farmer land rights for subsistence farming. Their name derives from
the white smocks the members wore in their nightly raids, but the
Whiteboys were usually referred to at the time as Levellers by the
The Roslin Castle arrived in Port
Jackson on 5 February 1833. A Muster was held on board by the
Colonial Secretary on 8th February 1833. The indents reveal such
information as name, age, education, religion, marital status,
family, native place, occupation, crime, date and place of trial and
physical description. Where and to whom the convicts were assigned
on arrival in New South Wales is not revealed in the indents however
many can be found in assignment lists in the
There were a number of very young
convicts on this voyage. Six were 16 years old; one was 15; one 14;
and four were only 13 years of age. About sixty of the Roslin Castle prisoners have
been identified residing in the Hunter Valley region in following
HERE to find out more about these men.
prisoners who arrived on the Roslin Castle were landed
immediately after the female prisoners of the
Fanny. It was
reported that the men appeared in a good state of health; as many of
them were good farm labourers, it was thought they would be an
acquisition to the settlers.
The Roslin Castle was
laid on for Madras in March and was to convey the remainder of the
Notes and Links:
Edward Foley who came from Queens County was hanged in 1838
after being found guilty of the murder of natives at Myall Creek (Myall
Patrick Travers who came from Co. Kildare and was sentenced to
transportation for life for highway robbery, accompanied Sir Thomas
Livingstone Mitchell's Expedition in 1848.
Colonial Military Officers
5). County Antrim -
Transportation of Convicts -
On Monday last,
the following convicts were forwarded from Carrickfergus Jail under
the charge of two of Mr. Erskine's Assistants, and a guard of
soldiers, to Kingstown, for transportation to New South Wales. Their
clean and comfortable appearance and the great decorum and
regularity observed by the entire party on their departure ( not a
murmur or complaint having been uttered, but expressions of thanks)
reflect the highest credit on the attention and discipline of the
governor of the Establishment.
Patrick Mullan, aged 28, John
Stewart aged 22, Alexander Geary aged 13 convicted of larceny at the
Belfast Sessions to be transported, each, seven years.
Skimmins aged 33, Peter Boorman, aged 16 convicted of horse stealing
at Spring Assizes, to be transported for life.
James Armour, age
37, Robert Boyd aged 36, David Campbell, aged 20, Thomas Connolly
aged 28 (a band of daring house robbers*) convicted of burglary at
spring Assizes, to be transported for life -
aged 22, James McIlvane, age 18, William Duffin aged 21, William Geston
aged 30, convicted of cow stealing at Spring Assizes to be
transported each seven years.
John K Henry aged 21 convicted of
sheep stealing at Spring Assizes, to be transported seven years.
Thomas Gilmore, aged 54, convicted of cattle stealing at Spring
Assizes, to be transported seven years.
Patrick Spelman aged 38
convicted of pig stealing at Spring Assizes, to be transported seven
Robert Hamilton, aged 17, John Magill aged 24, John
Loughran aged 15 convicted of larceny at Spring Assizes to be
transported seven years.
William McCafferty, aged 21, Robert
Gilmore aged 60, James Cadden aged 28, convicted of malicious
assault at Spring Assizes to be transported seven years.
O'Lynn aged 27, convicted of obtaining money under false presences
at the Belfast Sessions to be transported seven years.
Miskimmin convicted at the last Assizes of returning from
transportation before the expiration of his sentence to transported
*These four men belonged to the party of burglars and
highwaymen who were the terror of the Counties of Down and Antrim
for a length of time Armour was well calculated for such purposes;
he is six feet high, well proportioned and of fierce disposition.
When arrested, in Ballymacrrell he fought six policemen, until he
received twenty two very severe wounds. - Belfast Newsletter 10