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Convict Ship Tellicherry 1806

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J -K L M N - O P - Q R S T - V W - Y




Embarked:  130 men; 36 women

Voyage: 168 days
Deaths 5 men 1 woman
Previous vessel: Experiment arrived 12 June 1804
Next vessel: William Pitt arrived 11 April 1806
Master Thomas Curzens
Surgeon John Connellan
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The Tellicherry was the next convict ship to leave Ireland bound for New South Wales after the departure of the Rolla in November 1802.  The convicts transported on the Tellicherry came from districts throughout Ireland.

Finn's Leinster Journal reported on 22 June 1805 of the convicts lying in Kilkenny Gaol, under sentence of transportation who were sent off to Cork the previous week; and those from Carlow and Maryborough passed through for the same place a few days later.

The Belfast Newsletter carried an interesting note about the surgeon of the Tellicherry on 19th July 1805....Conlan, the apothecary from Dundalk, who had been an approver in 1798, and has been ever since supported by the bounty of Government, has, volunteered to go to Botany Bay with the convicts now in the river.

He has, it is said, lately qualified himself to act as surgeon, and being unwilling to return to his native country, has received an appointment in the colony.

Amongst the men on board were political prisoners who had been involved in the rebellion....

A reward of 500 was proclaimed for the person of the noted plundering mountaineer Dwyer, who, with some other desperadoes had for a considerable time, in defiance of the police and military, carried on a depredatory system from the Wicklow mountains. For some time, either from fear or sympathy the inhabitants of the mountains gave them aid and protection: they however soon began to render themselves obnoxious by levying contributions upon the mountaineers for their subsistence. Dwyer's wife was particularly active in these collections.

Dwyer at last, with four of his principal associates, namely, Martin Burke, John Mernagh, Hugh Byrne and Arthur Devlin, surrendered to Mr. Hume on condition, that they should be immediately sent to North America. They were however kept contrary to these conditions for about 2 years in Kilmainham during which period they made frequent vain complaints of the violation, of the faith of Government, and of the hardship and duration of their confinement
(3)



Of the prisoners on the Tellicherry, twenty-nine men had been tried in County Dublin and twenty-two in the city of Dublin. Some of these men were also held in Kilmainham Gaol at Dublin prior to transportation on the Tellicherry.  

Below is a description of the gaol as it was about twelve years later:


The Tellicherry departed Cork 31 August 1805 the same day as the William Pitt also bound for New South Wales with prisoners.

They remained at Madeira for three days, leaving the William Pitt there when they departed.

The newspapers of the day reported rumours of a mutiny on board........ They sailed under convoy of Sir Home Popham as far as Madeira. The convicts had shewn themselves so obedient to rule, before they reached that island, that Captain Cozens had their irons knocked off and they were admitted by divisions to take air upon deck. Dwyer and his associates were treated rather as voluntary passengers than prisoners suffering punishment for their crimes. Some time after the Tellicherry had parted convoy at Madeira, the convicts surprised the officers, who, according to report, they murdered and ran the vessel on shore in a bay to the southward of All Saints. We understand that Sir H. Popham's squadron upon its arrival at St. Salvadore, while watering there, was informed of this melancholy event by the people of the place. We trust however, that their relation is not correct. (4)

On nearing Port Jackson Captain Curzons sent in a six-oared cutter from the Tellicherry with advice to the Governor that the Tellicherry was delayed because of contrary winds. They finally entered the Heads the following morning, 15 February 1806.

Six prisoners died on the passage out and on the evening of arrival, thirty-one convalescents were brought on shore and received into the General Hospital at Sydney. At six the following morning boats were in readiness to take the remaining prisoners from on board and by 7a.m. they had left the ship and were ready to be conveyed to Parramatta. The prisoners landed in the heat of summer and there had been no rain for almost a month. Gardens were parched and vegetables scarce, however on Friday 21st February it began to rain and there were high hopes that gardens and fields would be restored. It was in fact the beginning of what would be a catastrophic flood.

125 male and 35 female prisoners arrived on the Tellicherry as well as an addition of 28 privates of the New South Wales Corps. There were also six children and two women, wives of State prisoners Byrne and Dwyer. (HR NSW)

Articles brought out included 3 pipes of Madeira wine, 10 firkins of butter, 2 bales of haberdashery, hosiery and perfumery, 1 case of men's hats, 5cwt. of soap, 10 casks of draught and 160 dozen of bottled porter, 12 boxes of mould candles and 8 boxes of window glass 10 by 12 and 12 by 14. The provisions brought for Government consisted of between 400 and 500 casks of beef and pork.

Governor King in correspondence to Secretary Marsden on 22 February 1806 wrote...By the return of the Tellicherry which arrived here the 15 instant,.....I am much gratified in reporting that, owing to the great care and humanity of Mr. Curzens, commander of that ship, the prisoners under his charge arrived in general good health, except a few cases of scurvy, which will soon disappear from the fresh diet and vegetable regiment they are under. Five male and one female prisoner died on the passage out.

The political prisoners on the Tellicherry - Michael Dwyer, John Mernagh, Hugh Byrne, Martin Burke and Arthur Devlin had been granted permission 'to banish themselves for life to avoid being brought to trial for treasonable practices.' (1).

.......'These men were not criminals and after their acquittal should, according to all principles of justice and right, have been liberated. They were, however, detained in prison. Dwyer was sent on board the Porpoise in chains and handcuffs like a malefactor, and transported to Norfolk Island. The others were similarly treated, and sent to different subordinate settlements. After the arrest of Bligh they were permitted to return; and Paterson in May 1809, gave to each of them a grant of 100 acres of land in the Cabramatta district. (2)

In March 1806 Captain Curzons posted the following notice in the Sydney Gazette:

Sixty Guineas Reward!

Captain Curzons of the ship Tellicherry will pay the above Reward to any person or persons apprehended or causing to apprehended the following Seamen, Deserters from his ship; or a Reward of Twenty Guineas for each and either of the said deserters as soon as they shall be delivered into safe custory.

William Brown, About 5ft 5in high and dark complexion
Charles Hogan, same height, pale complexion and light hair; and
Francis Villiers, About 5ft 9in high, dark complexion, much resembling Portuguese, long black hair tied and marked with small pox.


The Tellicherry departed Port Jackson bound for Bengal in April 1806.   In February 1807, the Sydney Gazette announced that the Tellicherry had been wrecked on the coast of Laconia. The officers and crew made their way to Manilla in the ship's boats where they proceeded to China in the vessel American.





Notes and Links:


1). Michael Byrne, son of Hugh Byrne arrived free on the Tellicherry. (CSI)

2). More about Arthur Devlin

3). Tellicherry : plans of male convict quartered, shackles and bunks, with view of ship in full sail : an artist's copy of the original done in 1806 by Robert McAllister...State Library of NSW

4). Governor King's concerns re the 'Wild Schemes' of the Irish convicts

5). Sydney from the West Side of the Cove - watercolour by John Eyre c 1806

6). An Irish Village - Michael Dwyer, The Wicklow Chief. - Chris Lawlor

7). Convicts and passengers arriving on the Tellicherry in 1806

8). Political Prisoners

9). Click on the text below to read the full trial of Walter Clare who was found guilty of high treason and insurrection in 1803. His sentence of death was respited to transportation for life:




9). Convict Ships to New South Wales in 1806 - Tellicherry, William Pitt, Fortune and Alexander.

10).  Some of the female prisoners had been incarcerated for many months already before they were embarked on the Tellicherry....

Name, Age, Place tried, Date tried.

Bridget McMahon, 17, Armagh July 1804
Margaret Hayes, Clare 1803
Eliza Kennedy, Clare 1803
Mary Barry, 24, City of Dublin, January 1803
Catherine McLaughlin, 27, City of Dublin, January 1803
Mary Rice, 28, City of Dublin
Mary Bradshaw, 40, City of Dublin, September 1802
Catherine Brady, 30, City of Dublin, June 1803
Mary McNulty, 30 City of Dublin, June 1805
Sarah Cooksey, 30, City of Dublin, October 1803
Anstice Shanley, 24, City of Dublin October 1803
Mary Kennedy, 33, City of Dublin January 1804
Catherine Hill, 22, City of Dublin January 1804
Margaret O'Brien, 26, City of Dublin, January 1804
Mary Smith, 40, City of Dublin, January 1804
Mary Gough, 23, City of Dublin, May 1804
Mary Byrne, 23, City of Dublin, March 1804
Ann Matthews, 23, City of Dublin, May 1804
Eleanor Burke, 40, City of Dublin, January 1804
Eliza Cooper, 27, City of Dublin, August 1804
Mary Lamb, 28, City of Dublin, September 1804
Mary Shannon, 23, City of Dublin, December 1804
Bridget Johnson, 25, City of Dublin, December 1804
Margaret Kelly, 40, City of Dublin, October 1803
Catherine Finnis, 25, City of Dublin, October 1803
Mary Grady, 19, Kerry, 1804
Catherine Hinchey, 40, City of Limerick, 1802
Honora Mollowny, City of Limerick, 1803
Bridget Shea, City of Limerick, 1803
Catherine Leeson, 20, City of Limerick, 1804
Eleanor Johnson, 29, Co. Meath, 1805
Elinor Tyrrel, 29, Co. Meath, 1805
Mary Begley, 25, Monaghan, 1804
Ann forbes 30, Londonderry, 1803
Mary Fagan alias Nagle, Westmeath, 1805
 


References:

(1) HRA Vol V., p 841

(2) HR NSW Vol. VI  

(3) The History of Ireland from Its Union With Great Britain, in ..., Volume 1 By Francis Plowden 

(4) Finn's Leinster Journal 24 May 1806




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