Surgeon's Journal - No
vessel: Almorah arrived 22
Elizabeth arrived 31 December 1820
Master James Morice
Superintendent William Bell Carlyle
was built at Aberdeen in 1819. She made voyages to New South Wales
with convicts in 1820
prisoners who were transported on the Asia in 1820 came
from counties and cities throughout England - Gloucester, Surry,
Lancaster, Bristol, Cumberland, Middlesex, Kent, London etc.,
Most were probably held in county prisons or Newgate before
being transferred to one of the hulks to await transportation.
Some of the men who had been tried at the Old Bailey in April and
May 1820 were sent to Newgate. They were taken from Newgate on 21st
July and sent to the Bellerophon hulk and on 23 August 1821
were transferred to the Asia. Most of the men were in their
20s and 30s however two were only fourteen years old - Thomas Reed
and Walter Preddy and there were several who were 15 and 16 years
old. John Hill was the oldest at 56 years of age.
This was William Bell Carlyle's first
voyage as surgeon superintendent on a convict ship. His medical
journal does not seem to have survived however he made a total of
six voyages on convict ships over the next ten years and the
journals from those voyages are available.......Morley in 1823 (VDL)
Henry in 1825,
Andromeda in 1827 (VDL)
Phoenix in 1828 and the
Huntley in 1830. Hundred of convicts arrived in the colony
under his care in those ten years, and in all that time he lost a
total of only seven prisoners.
Bellerophon was paid off and converted to a prison ship
in 1815, and was renamed Captivity in 1824 to free
the name for another ship. Moved to Plymouth in 1826, she
continued in service until 1834, when the last convicts
left. The Admiralty ordered her to be sold in 1836, and she
was broken up.
||The large Vessel in the centre is
the Captivity, this was formerly the
Bellerophon man-of-war, of 74 guns, to which ship, when
commanded by Captain Maitland, and cruising in Basque Roads,
off Rochefort, the Emperor Bonaparte surrendered himself,
about six o'clock A.M. on the 15th of July, 1815.* Near the
margin, on the left, is the Sheer-hulk, used for fixing the
masts and rigging of the vessels in the harbour.
Asia was the next convict ship to leave
England after the departure of the female convict ship
Morley in May 1820. The
Asia departed Sheerness on 3rd September 1820.
consisted of 1 non-commissioned officer and 30 privates belonging to
the 30th, 34th and 69th regiment under the command of Captain Mann
of the 30th regiment. Other convict ships bringing detachments of
the 34th regiment included the
Baring in 1815,
Globe in 1819,
Grenada in 1821,
Speke in 1821,
Orange in 1821 and
Adamant in 1821.
Asia arrived in Port
Jackson on Tuesday 26th December 1820 with 189 male prisoners all in
good health. One prisoner had died on the passage out.
The prisoners were landed at sunrise on the morning of 5th
January 1821 together with the men from the
were inspected by Governor Macquarie who was accompanied by
Commissioner Bigge, in the Jail Yard at 10 o'clock. The Sydney
Gazette reported that........
They were inspected by His
Excellency the Governor who expressed to the Commanders and Surgeons
of each vessel the highest satisfaction at the appearance of the
men, who one and all testified to His Excellency their gratitude to
the Gentlemen to whose care and tenderness they had been confided by
a benign and merciful Government, in the most lively terms of
heartfelt praise, acknowledging they had experienced universal
kindness and general attention; indeed, their particularly healthy
appearance fully confirmed the expressions of their grateful
feelings, which spoke more than language was capable of giving
utterance to. (1)
Four prisoners were ordered to be
assigned to private service at Parramatta - Thomas Guard, Edward
Dyde, Charles Reece and Richard James were assigned to John Blaxland.
Joseph Ponting was sent to the Government Factory at Parramatta,
James May was sent to the Prisoner's Barracks. Others were assigned
to Government to labour on the Public Works at Parramatta. The men
were forwarded to Parramatta by water.
departed Sydney for Batavia in February 1821. Chief Officer was
Thomas Tooke and Second Officer C. Howard.
1). Gilbert MacLeod who was convicted of sedition
in Edinburgh in March 1820 was pardoned in 1823 and permitted to
return to his country. (HRA)
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers who
arrived on the Asia in 1820
3). Return of
convicts who died in 1870....
(1). The Sydney
Gazette 6 January 1820