|The Captain Cook was built at
Whitby in 1826. Convicts were transported to New South Wales
on the Captain Cook in 1832,
Guard boarded the Captain Cook at Deptford on 10th
September 1831. The Guard consisted of 1 sergeant, 1 corporal
and 8 privates of the 4th regt., 8 privates of 17th regt, 3 women
and 2 children under the orders of Lieut. Gibbons of 49th regiment.
Passengers included Mrs. Gibbons and three children.
to find convict ships bringing detachments of the 4th regiment.
embarking the Guard at Deptford, the Captain Cook
proceeded to Dublin where 200 male prisoners were embarked on 27th
The prisoners on the Captain
Cook came from cities and towns throughout Ireland. They were
held in county prisons before being transferred to the hulk to await
transportation. In May 1832 after complaints were made as to the
state in which prisoners were transmitted from the county gaols to
the hulks, new orders were issued regarding the transfer of
prisoners and it was expected that they would be free of disease and
fit to embark and that they would be clean, adequately clothed with
their hair cut close. There were to be no transfers on Sundays, no
spirits or tobacco would be allowed on the road and knives and other
dangerous articles were taken from them, however when the prisoners
of the Captain Cook were transferred in
1831 the old system was still in place and they probably arrived at
the hulk poorly clothed and already ill.
Their crimes were
mostly of theft, assault, house robbery, vagrancy, forgery and
embezzlement. There were no prisoners convicted of white boy crimes
on the Captain Cook.
There were ten very young convicts on the
James White, James Murray, Hugh McGurdy, Arthur Finn
and Michael Dunn were all sixteen years of age;
John Kelly was
Adam Ballantyne and Thomas Cox were both thirteen years
The youngest two were only 12 years old - James Corcoran
and Michael Clancy, both errand boys from Dublin convicted of
stealing; both in following years were punished severely for
Ebenezer Johnstone kept a Medical Journal
from 28 October 1831 to 15 April 1832..... On the 5th November they
departed Dublin and shortly afterwards experienced very bad weather
and being unable to keep to sea were obliged to put into Milford
Haven on the 8th where they remained wind bound until 27th November
The surgeon remarked that the general health of the
convicts was extremely good, having a better diet than they usually
were accustomed to because they were in port. Quite a few suffered
from catarrh which the surgeon attributed to the defective clothing
they were supplied with in Dublin. As they entered the Tropics the
prisoners suffered severely from seasickness and constipation,
several of the cases from seasickness being old men becoming very
reduced and debilitated required cordials and additional diet.
During January the men continued extremely healthy, diseases chiefly
from exposure of the head to the sun, and vertigo, which was
relieved by the use of lancet, free evacuation and cold
applications, several of the elderly prisoners began to show
scorbutic symptoms and complained much of debility.
February and March 1832 there was hazy drizzly weather and several
days of heavy rain.
Two prisoners died on the passage out -
Francis McCormick and Joseph Murphy. The surgeon attributed the
death of one of them to an addiction to gambling his provisions -
the prisoner's health had at first improved under the surgeon's
care, however the man managed to obtain an opportunity of either
losing his allowance or obtaining a double or triple quantity which
invariably aggravated his complaints.
The Captain Cook arrived in Port
Jackson on 2 April 1832 and the prisoners were mustered by the
Colonial Secretary on 6th April 1832. Indents include information
such as name, age, religion, education, marital status, family,
native place, trade, offence, date and place of trial, sentence,
prior convictions and physical description. There is no information
in the indents as to where and to whom the prisoners were assigned
on arrival. There is occasional information about colonial crimes,
deaths, pardons, etc.
Prisoners were landed on Monday 16th
April 1832 and inspected by the Governor before being assigned to
various settlers and government employment.
Cook departed Sydney for Launceston 15th May 1832 and departed
there on 8th August and St. Helena 1st September arriving back in
England late January 1833.
Ebenezer Johnstone was also
employed as surgeon on the convict ships William Miles in
1828 (VDL) and Manlius in 1830 (VDL)
1). Seventy-seven prisoners who arrived on the
Captain Cook in 1832 have so far been identified as
residing in the Hunter region in the following two decades. Select
HERE to find more about Hunter Valley convicts/
passengers of the Captain Cook.
2). Belfast Sessions -
Sentences - William John Bell ,
George Saunders, John Gurney, Archer Finn, and Hugh McGrady, all for
larceny, sentenced to seven years' transportation each -
Belfast Newsletter 26 July 1831
3). Bushranger John McIntyre
also arrived on the Captain Cook
4). Dublin -
Recorder's Court - Patrick Donohoe, for felony, sentenced to 7 years
transportation - Freeman's Journal 28 June 1831.
5). Convict Ships bringing
detachments of the 4th (King's Own) Regiment.....
Date/Place of Departure
Command of the Guard
|29 April 1831
|17 July 1831
Waldron 38th regt.,
|6 August 1831
Lardy 4th regt.,
Gibbons 49th regt.,
William Clarke 4th regt.,
William Lonsdale 4th regt.,
George Baldwin 31st regt.,
|15 March 1832
||Lieut. Lowth 38th regt.,
|18 March 1832
|9 May 1832
|10 May 1832
|16 June 1832
& Irvine 38th regt.,
|19 June 1832
Gibson 4th regt.,
|1 July 1832
Thomas Faunce 4th regt.,
|28 July 1832
|12 March 1833
Mondilhan 54th regt.,
6). New Orders for prisoners
transmitted from county gaols to hulks and depots - 1832....