Convict Ship Lady Harewood 1832
Convict Ship Index
|Embarked 200 men
Voyage: 143 days
Surgeon's Journal - Yes
Previous vessel: City
of Edinburgh arrived 22 June 1832
Clyde arrived 27 August 1832
Captain Richard Stonehouse.
The Lady Harewood was built on
the Thames in 1791. Convicts were transported on the Lady
Harewood to Van Diemen's Land in 1829 and to New South Wales in
1831 and 1832.
Prisoners on this voyage of the Lady Harewood came from
districts throughout England - Cambridge, Essex, Manchester,
Lancaster, Suffolk, London etc., They were taken from county prisons
to the hulks to await transportation. On 7th March 1832
two hundred prisoners who had been incarcerated in the York
and Leviathan Hulks were embarked at Spithead.
Lieut. Lowth 38th regt., commanded the Guard and was accompanied by
Mrs. Lowth. The Guard consisted of Lieut. Donlan, 48th regt., and 26
rank and file of 4th regiment.
Select here to find convict ships
bringing detachments of the 4th regiment.
Surgeon John Inches' Medical Journal included a list of food he
received from Captain Stonehouse for the voyage - 16 bottles of port
wine; six pounds of preserved meat; 34 pounds of Pearl Barley; 20
pounds of tea; 20 pounds of tea; 14 pounds of sago; 10 ounces of
ginger; 37 pounds of rice; 52 pounds of sugar; and 27 bottles of
They sailed for Port Jackson on 15 March,
however were obliged to put back because of tempestuous weather
after getting only part way down the Channel. They sailed again on
25th March 1832 not having had any illness amongst the convicts
whilst at Spithead.
They were fortunate in this as cholera had swept through the prisons
and hulks of England and Ireland causing many deaths.
were mustered twice a week and at the first signs of spongy gums
(symptom of scurvy) lime juice was given out, however one prisoner
died of scurvy as the ship lay in Sydney Harbour.
Lady Harewood was the first of the convict ships that was
fitted without midship berths, having hammocks instead which enabled
the surgeon to keep a clear space between the main and fore hatch in
the day time and allow free circulation of air on the prison deck.
The surgeon noted that it was also of great service in bad weather
as a number of the prisoners could walk about when the weather would
not permit of them going on deck which greatly promoted the health
of the prisoners in general.
The Lady Harewood
anchored off Shark Island, Port Jackson at 9p.m. on 5 August 1832 in
accordance with recently established quarantine regulations. The
following day they were brought into Sydney Cove, no infectious
illness having been experienced since leaving Portsmouth.
Vessels entering Port Jackson at this time, the crews of which had
been visited by disease within thirty days of making the port were
ordered to bring up in Spring Cove and carry a quarantine flag at
the main. Should they not have had disease on board, they were
allowed to bring up at Shark Island, until visited by Medical
officers. Any ships not following the regulations were liable to
heavy penalties. (1)
One hundred and ninety-nine convicts
were mustered on board by the Colonial Secretary on 9th
The men were landed on Saturday 18th August 1832. They
were marched up to the Hyde Park Barracks. They were reportedly a robust healthy set of men and remarkably clean. On Monday
they were forwarded to their respective assignees. (2)
Notes & Links:
1). An extensive
collection of vine cuttings from the vineyards of France were sent
back to Australia by James Busby on
the Lady Harewood. (Sydney
Herald 13 August 1832)
2). John Inches was also surgeon
on the convict ships
Lloyds in 1833
Mary in 1835 and the
Norfolk in 1837
3). Return of Corporal Punishments...
4). Novel Case - George Pitman a seaman of the convict ship
Lady Harewood, appeared on a warrant, charged by R.W. Stonehouse
Esq., Commander of that vessel, with assaulting ...Hall, a prisoner
of the Crown, transported to this colony by the said vessel; the
said prisoner having given him no provocation, and the said assault
being forbidden by the regulations, made for the government of
Hall, the prisoner, referred to deposed that
he had occasion to go to the ship's head, when the defendant,
without any provoation, struck him with a rope's end. He was tarring
the rope and on defendant's passing struck him with all his might.
John Inches, Esq., R.N. Surgeon Superintendent of the Lady Harewood,
stated that the man Hall came to him on the quarter deck, and
complained of having been struck by the defendant; in consequence of
which he went forward and told Pitman that such conduct was
improper; if any prisoner misconducted himself it was his duty to
complain to him; but no seaman was allowed to take the law in his
own hands by striking a prisoner. The sailor at first denied having
struck him at all, and the acknowledged to having done so lightly.
He therefore ordered the man down into the sick bay, where, on his
being stripped a deep wale appeared on the small of his back.
The defendant stated in his defence that the rope had a round
turn found the fore topmast yard, and in handing it down it struck
the man accidentally. Captain Stone house gave the defendant a good
character for general conduct; and the Bench ordered him to enter
into his own recognizances to keep the peace for twelve months.
Pitman said he was unable to pay the bail bond and other expenses,
and the Captain being appealed to by the Bench refused to assist
him, alleging that, as he had broken his contract by striking a
prisoner, he did not consider him entitled to any remuneration for
his labours in working the vessel to this port. (Sydney Gazette
23 August 1832) (The convict mentioned above was Evitas Hall, an
ostler from Worcester. He later joined the notorious bushranger gang
led by McDonald)
Hunter Valley convicts arriving on the Lady Harewood in
5). Convict Ships bringing
detachments of the 4th (King's Own) Regiment.....
Date/Place of Departure
Command of the Guard
|29 April 1831
|17 July 1831
Waldron 38th regt.,
|6 August 1831
Lardy 4th regt.,
Gibbons 49th regt.,
William Clarke 4th regt.,
William Lonsdale 4th regt.,
George Baldwin 31st regt.,
|15 March 1832
||Lieut. Lowth 38th regt.,
|18 March 1832
|9 May 1832
|10 May 1832
|16 June 1832
& Irvine 38th regt.,
|19 June 1832
Gibson 4th regt.,
|1 July 1832
Thomas Faunce 4th regt.,
|28 July 1832
|12 March 1833
Mondilhan 54th regt.,
1). Sydney Herald 9 August 1832
2). Sydney Monitor 22 August 1832