was a teak built, coppered and copper fastened vessel. She was the
next convict ship to leave Ireland for New South Wales after the
departure of the
Palambam in March 1831.
Prisoners to be embarked on
the Jane came from counties throughout Ireland.
The Connaught Telegraph reported in January 1831 that nine
convicts confined in the Roscommon prison under rule of
transportation, left on their route to the Surprize Hulk
moored in the Cove off Cork under an escort of the 66th Reserve.
They joined other transportation prisoners being held on the
Surprize (1) Samuel Hollingworth was the local Inspector of the
Surprize in 1831.
On 21st April 1831, 128 male
prisoners were embarked on the Jane from the hulk. Among
their number were rapists, murderers, thieves and deserters. Some
were also convicted of rioting and abduction.
consisted of Captain George Mason, one subaltern, one sergeant, and
28 men of the 4th or King's Own including Private Mills, Private R.
Pavey, Private Carr and Private Matthews.
to find convict ships bringing detachments of the 4th regiment
departed Cove harbour on 29 April 1831.
Oliver Sproule kept a Medical Journal from 14 March to 14
November 1831. Five prisoners were embarked at the Cape of Good Hope
on 12th September 1831 (Thomas Deans, Chris. Hoffinan, James Ward,
George Smythe, James Cassidy).
Oliver Sproule reported that
although the ship was over six months on the passage to New South
Wales and was detained in the Tropics for seven weeks, the prisoners
and crew remained generally healthy, all on board being free of
contagious diseases. .........
|The usual means were resorted
to for keeping the prison sweet and clean and in damp
weather as dry as possible which was on some occasions
rather difficult there being no charcoal on board for the
airing stoves owing to some mistake at Deptford. The
prisoners were also kept clean and orderly and were all
admitted on deck in fine weather during the greater part of
the day so that when they were sent below in the evenings
there was a complete renewal of air in the prison. Their
beds were stowed away on deck every day and were invariably
once a week opened out and shook in the open air. Scurvy
however became very prevalent among the prisoners but not
until we were nearly three months at sea. I am rather at a
loss how to account for this disease particularly as it was
altogether confined to the convicts; and many of those even
who were of an active turn and made themselves useful on
deck did not show the least symptom of it therefore I am
inclined to think that want of exercise was a principal
cause which could not be remedied on account of the
smallness of the vessel. I had only one case of scurvy
during a passage of four months on the Larkins and the
prisoners appeared if anything more healthy on embarkation
in the Jane than they did in that ship and both having
embarked their prisoners at Cork too. I cannot account for
it (scurvy) in any other way than this, particularly as the
provisions appeared equally good in both ships unless that I
found that the lemon juice was not so fresh as it was in the
Two prisoners died on the voyage, - John Coughlan from
diarrhoea on 28 August and Michael Mooney from hepatitis on 16
September 1831. The illnesses/conditions the surgeon treated on the
voyage included Syphilis, psora, catarrh, synocha, rheumatism,
hepatitis, herpes, pneumonia, fracture, gastritis, scorbutus,
diarrhoea, obstruction of the oesophagus and pleuritis,
Jane arrived at Port Jackson on 5 November 1831. The
prisoners were mustered on board on the 8th November by the Colonial
Secretary. Convict indents reveal the name, age, religion,
education, marital status, family, native place, offence, date and
place of trial, sentence, former convictions, physical description
and where and to whom assigned on arrival. Included also is
occasional information about relatives already in the colony,
deaths, pardons and colonial sentences. The youngest
prisoners on board were Patrick McCarthy and Patrick Purcell who
were only 13 years old.
The Sydney Herald reported
that the male prisoners of the Jane were: - a very stout,
robust, and healthy set of men; they will no doubt be found a
valuable acquisition to those settlers who may be fortunate enough
to obtain them, being mostly accustomed to agricultural pursuits.
The prisoners were landed on Monday 14th November and Oliver
Sproule was congratulated on the healthy condition of the men:
Notwithstanding the very great length of the voyage, it is but due
to Dr. Sproule to say, that no cargo of a similar description was
ever discharged in better order. The men were all in a clean and
healthy condition, and will prove a great acquisition to the
settlers. The number originally shipped was 133. Out of these 131
were put ashore in good health; two only being sent to the General
Hospital. The Captain of the Jane and the officers of the guard,
Captain Mason and Ensign Campbell of the 4th or King's Own, are also
we understand, entitled to great praise for their cheerful co
operation with the Surgeon Superintendent during an unusually
tedious voyage. - Sydney Gazette
Captain Baigrie was
planning to leave Sydney for London with a cargo of the first Wool
of the season in November 1831.
Notes & Links:
1). Oliver Sproule was also employed as surgeon on the convict ships
Borneo in 1828 (VDL),
Larkins in 1829
Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the Jane in 1831
3). City Limerick Quarter Sessions - The
Recorder then proceeded to pass sentence on the following persons,
who were engaged in rioting on the 25th June last - John Buckley,
John Madden, Patrick Speerin (a pensioner), Honora Hamahan, Margaret
Shannon, and Catherine Lynch to seven years transportation each.
- Freeman's Journal 26 July 1830.
The journal of Captain Mason of the 4th (or King's Own) Regiment of
Foot : his voyage to Australia, his service there and his return
5). Convict John Flynn was killed by
natives on the estate of
Mosman in the Williams River district in 1834 (See
R. v. Jacky Jacky)
6). Return of Convicts of the
Jane assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney
Gazette 5 July 1832).....
Martin Scully - Deal in clothes.
Assigned to Henry Hart at Liverpool Road.
Convict Ships bringing
detachments of the 4th (King's Own) Regiment.....
Date/Place of Departure
Command of the Guard
|29 April 1831
|17 July 1831
Waldron 38th regt.,
|6 August 1831
Lardy 4th regt.,
Gibbons 49th regt.,
William Clarke 4th regt.,
William Lonsdale 4th regt.,
George Baldwin 31st regt.,
|15 March 1832
||Lieut. Lowth 38th regt.,
|18 March 1832
|9 May 1832
|10 May 1832
|16 June 1832
& Irvine 38th regt.,
|19 June 1832
Gibson 4th regt.,
|1 July 1832
Thomas Faunce 4th regt.,
|28 July 1832
|12 March 1833
Mondilhan 54th regt.,
10). 4th (or The King's own) Regiment of Foot......
(1) Connaught Telegraph
19 January 1831