Convict Ship Guildford 1824
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information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land
between the years 1788 and 1850
Embarked: 160 men
Voyage: 190 days
Surgeon's Journal: no
arrived 15 January 1824
Brothers arrived 7 May 1824
Captain Magnus Johnson
The Guildford was built
on the Thames in 1810. (2) This was her sixth voyage bringing convicts
to New South Wales. The others being in
The Guard consisted of a detachment of the 40th Regiment, under
orders of Lieutenant Richard Thornhill. The 40th
had been serving in Ireland.......
Following is an excerpt from
Historical Records of the 40th (2nd Somersetshire)
Regiment By Raymond Henry Raymond Smythies listing
the ships that brought detachments of the 40th regiment
to New South Wales in 1823 and 1824..........
Early in March 1823, the commanding officer,
Lieutenant-Colonel Thornton received an intimation that
it was intended to send the regiment to New South Wales.
In the meantime it was ordered to proceed to Dublin,
thence by sea to Liverpool, and after that by road to
Chatham, in order to form guards for convict ships when
The head quarters
reached Dublin on 15th March and occupied the Royal
Barracks. On the 30th the whole regiment embarked at
Pigeon House, in eight small vessels, and reached
Liverpool the following day.
A twenty eight days'
march, including three Sundays, brought the regiment to
Chatham. The Regiment marched in three divisions; the
first arrived at Chatham on 21st April; the second,
consisting of two companies, halted, and remained at
Deptford; and the 3rd reached Chatham on 23rd April.
During the next year the 40th was sent out, in small
detachments, as guards on board convict ships to
Australia. This was after several years' rough service
in Ireland, and but a short period of rest in
|25th April 1823||Lieutenant Lowe
|5th July 1823
|10th July 1823
|18th July 1823
||Sir Godfrey Wilestoe
|29 July 1823
|31st July 1823
|5 August 1823
||Lt.- Col. Balfour
|29 December 1823
|5th February 1824
|25 February 1824
Countess of Harcourt
|14 June 1824
||Lt.- Col Thornton
|14 June 1824
Other ships bringing detachments of the 40th regiment included
Ann & Amelia.
In August 1823 Jackson's Oxford Journal reported.....
On Thursday, 160 convicts were transhipped from the Hulks at
Portsmouth for the Guildford bound to New South Wales, and placed
under the superintendence of Mr. J. Mitchell, Surgeon, R.N. The
rapid increase of emancipated convicts, the last returns being 7556
and 5859 children has determined Government to establish a Court of
Judicature in the colony. Chief Justice
Sir Francis Forbes and
family go out in the Guildford. As well as Chief Justice Forbes,
Lady Amelia Sophia Forbes and their three children, passengers
included Mr. R. Dalhuntys and Mr. L. Dalhuntys and
Mr. James Glennie. Lady Amelia Sophia
Forbes kept a brief
diary on the voyage.
Guildford was the next convict ship to leave England
for New South Wales after the departure of the female convict ship
Mary in June 1823.
The Guildford arrived at Portsmouth from the Downs on 13th
August and departed Portsmouth on 18 August 1823 in company with the
Asia which was
taking convicts to Van Diemen's Land.
The Guildford sprang a leak after
leaving Teneriffe and was compelled to put into Rio for repairs.
Probably she was fortunate to make the south American port, as the
leak necessitated continuous pumping. She was hove down and rendered
watertight, the guard and convicts being transferred to a hulk lent
for the purpose by the Brazilian government. Her two months' sojourn
at rio caused considerable sickness among the convicts but the only
man to die on the passage was accidentally killed when, in the high
southern latitudes, he was flung into the hold and pitched on his
head. The Guildford did not leaving there until December 1823.
Select Movement of the 40th regiment to find out more about the
When the Guildford arrived in Sydney on
5 March 1824 with 159 male prisoners, the Sydney Gazette reported:
Arrived on Friday last to the joy of the whole Colony,
alarming apprehensions being entertained of her safety, the ship
Guildford, Captain Johnson, from England. She brings 159 male
convicts: the original complement was 160, but one was accidentally
The prisoners were landed on 8th March
1824. Fifty seven men were forwarded by water to Parramatta for
distribution to Liverpool, Airds, Appin, Minto, Windsor and
Bathurst. The following day another thirty one men were sent to
Parramatta, twenty-four to Liverpool, sixteen to Bathurst and five
departed Sydney for England via Hobart in June with invalids
from the 48th regiment on board viz 3 serjeants and 28 privates with
7 women and 14 children under the charge of Lieutenant Croasdaile of
Notes & Links:
1). James Mitchell
was also surgeon on the convict ships
2). In 1837 Sir Francis Forbes was examined by the
Select Committee on Transportation.........
bushranger Aaron Price who arrived on the Guildford
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Guildford in
Death of Richard Thornhill Colonial Times 20 February 1829
6). Return of Convicts of the
Guildford assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March
1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832).....
Isaac Eaton - Ploughman assigned to George Bunn in
Sydney; and Thomas Bray at Concord
William Hague - Blacksmith
at Hunter's River
7). The Upper Ten Thousand...
1. Sydney Gazette 11 March 1824
2. Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The
convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian
History, Sydney : pp.344-345, 384
3. ibid., p. 232