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Convict Ship Marquis of Hastings 1827

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Embarked: 168 men
Voyage: 102 days
Deaths: 0
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous vessel: Guildford arrived 25 July 1827
Next vessel: Princess Charlotte arrived 6 August 1827
Captain John Jeffrey Drake.
Surgeon Gilbert King
This was the second of five voyages of the Marquis of Hastings bringing convicts to Australia.

The convicts of the Marquis of Hastings came from districts throughout England - Essex, Oxford, Surrey, Winchester, Warwick, Stafford, Bodmin, Manchester, York and London etc. Most had been held on the hulks and were transferred to the ship between 27th March and 9th April 1827.

The Marquis of Hastings departed Portsmouth on 18th April 1827

Surgeon-Superintendent Gilbert King was approximately thirty-six years of age in 1827. This was his second voyage as surgeon superintendent on a convict ship, the first being on the Medway to VDL in 1825. He kept a Medical Journal from 28 March to 16 August 1827.

He was aware of the importance of guarding against scurvy. Several men suffered with this disease however there were no deaths except that of the ten month old son of a soldier. King had rejected a number of convicts before the ship sailed as he considered them too ill or infirm to survive the journey. The ship was kept clean, dry and well ventilated. Stoves were used against cold, one by the 'back yard' in the prison and another in the hospital.

Although the voyage took only 102 days, a great part of this time was spent between 40 and 42 degrees south and during the winter months. Despite this Gilbert King considered the general health of the convicts was good and, apart from two cases of rubeola, scarcely a man was confined to bed. Perhaps the surgeon was called on to treat Mr. Fuller, steward of the ship, after he had been cruelly treated by Captain Drake. The Monitor later reported a court case Fuller v. Drake in which Fuller was awarded damages of 15........

Supreme Civil Court -  Tuesday.- Fuller, v. Drake. The plaintiff was steward of a prison-ship, the Marquis of Hastings, of which defendant was master. The witnesses differed as to whether defendant was drunk on a certain day during the voyage to this Colony, but they agreed that he had by the orders of Captain Drake received thirty blows on the back with the end of a two-inch rope, which made him black and blue, and incapable of duty for three days. Defendant was not insolent to the Captain, but rather defied the boatswain who bastinadoed him. If the defendant was not drunk at the exact time he was beaten, it appeared he had been so just previously. He had received however a good character for civility from the passengers, and was now a tide-waiter in the harbour. The Chief Justice said, a Ship at sea was a little government, and the master stood in point of authority as a parent, a guardian, and a master of a large family. His authority was essential to the comfort and well-being of those in the ship, and the law supported him in the just exercise of his authority. But the undefined nature of his power, and the arbitrary use which might be made of it, required also the check of the law. Drunkenness was a dangerous offence, especially on board a prison-ship; but then a starting as it was called, was not a very legal punishment, and if the Jury thought it too severe, they would act accordingly. Verdict for Plaintiff. Damages: 15. The Monitor 17 December 1827

Passengers included the Attorney General Alexander Macduff Baxter and wife, with one male and one female servant & Mr. Foster.

The guard comprised a detachment (30 men) of the Royal Veteran Co., under orders of Lieut. Lane. Fourteen women and 13 children accompanied the troops. Thomas Budd was included in the military guard. He was accompanied on the ship by his wife Sophia and later became a Constable at Patterson's Plains.

The Marquis of Hastings arrived at Port Jackson on 31 July 1827 with 168 male prisoners, none having died on the voyage, and 11,000 in specie for the Treasury. The prisoners were mustered on board by the Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay on 4th August 1827. Particulars in the convict indents include Name, Age, Education, Religion, Marital status, Family, Native place, Occupation, Offence, When and Where tried, Previous convictions, Physical description and to whom assigned on arrival. There is also occasional information regarding relatives already in the colony, tickets of leave, pardons, colonial crimes and punishment and deaths.

Robert Judd a native of Co. Tyrone was sent to the hospital on arrival.

The Marquis of Hastings departed Port Jackson on Saturday 1st September 1827 bound for Canton.


Notes & Links:

1). William Jackson who was 13 years of age was sent to Carter's Barracks on arrival. Samuel Morton who was 16 years of age was privately assigned to a settler at Bathurst

2). William Smith alias King from Suffolk was lost in the sloop Dove which was lost off Port Stephens north of Newcastle in 1828.

3). Gilbert King was also employed as surgeon on the convict ships Medway 1825 (VDL) Lord Lyndoch in 1831 (VDL) Eden in 1836 and the Moffatt in 1838 (VDL)

4). Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the Marquis of Hastings in 1827

5). The Marquis of Hastings transported convicts to Australia in 1826 (NSW), 1827 (NSW), 1828 (NSW), 1839 (VDL) and 1842 (VDL).

6). Seventeen convict ships arrived in New South Wales in 1827 - Grenada, Brothers, Albion, Midas, Mariner, Countess of Harcourt, Guildford, Marquis of Hastings, Princess Charlotte, Manlius, Cambridge, Harmony, Prince Regent, Champion, Eliza, John and the Louisa


7). Return of Convicts of the Marquis of Hastings assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 5 July 1832).....
William Atkins Pedlar. Assigned to James McDougall at Darlington
James Blake Tape weaver and labourer assigned to Michael Riley at Banks Town
William Cushion Carpenter assigned to Lieut. Colonel Dumaresq at St. Hiliers
Stephen Dark Shoemaker assigned to Joseph Sharpe at Bathurst
Benjamin Pollard Whitesmith and locksmith assigned to James Russell at Sydney

8) List of convicts of the Marquis of Hastings who have been identified in the Hunter Valley, Maitland, Newcastle or Lake Macquarie districts. Find out more about them HERE

NameOccupation Crime Native Place Location NSW
William Atkins Farmer's man Cow stealing Essex Patrick Plains
William Barry Brazier's boy? Stealing print London Morpeth
Thomas Bartlett Brickmaker's labourer Burglary Tried at Winchester Merton
George Bear Gardner Stealing ham Hants Patrick Plains
John Billings Farmer's man & shepherd Stealing a coat Mayfield Jarviston, H.R.
Thomas Brooks Labourer House breaking Lincoln Patterson's Plains
George Brown Stableman Coining Bath Maitland
William Cushion Carpenter House breaking London Invermein
James Cato Labourer Horse stealing Surrey Invermein
Obadiah Davis Basket maker Stealing asses Warwick Dalwood/Newcastle
George Dixon Baker House breaking Essex Maitland
Henry Fairman Gentleman's servant Stealing an umbrella London Maitland
George Field Bricklayer Stealing linen Hamersley Dalwood
Thomas Foster Groom Stealing Birmingham Merton
David Grover Farmer's boy & milks Receiving Lewes Maitland/ Patrick Plains
John Handley/Hindley Tailor Robbery Stafford Invermein
William Hassell Farmer's man Stealing fowls Sussex Maitland
James Hoy Farmer's man Sheep Stealing Essex Ravensfield
George Hodges Farmer's man Burglary Essex Invermein/ Patrick Plains
Thomas Horricks Labourer Stealing harness Liverpool Newcastle
John James Farmer's man Stealing copper Berks Oswald
David Jenkins Druggist's boy Pickpocketing London Maitland/ Newcastle
John Jones Leather dresser Receiving Bristol Newcastle
George Kaye Shoemaker Stealing London Maitland
Richard Kelsey Errand boy Stealing clothes Yorkshire Maitland
Samuel Lemon Anchor maker & Farm man Pig stealing Devon Port Stephens
John Lewis Labourer Stealing cloth Montgomery Newcastle
James Lightwing Farmer & Weaver Stealing lambs Norfolk Hunter River
Henry Limmer Sawyer Sheep stealing Norfolk Raymond Terrace
James Lock Silk weaver Stealing caddie London Hunter River
Joseph Lowe Farmer's man/chairmaker Robbery Birmingham Newcastle
George Neale Clerk Stealing muslin Gloucestershire Patrick Plains
James Punchard Errand boy Picking pockets Ipswick Patrick Plains
William Perry Waggoner Stealing a violin Surrey Segenhoe
William Phillips Iron founder Stealing Gloucestershire Hunter River
Robert Randell Top sawyer Stealing Portsmouth Newcastle
Thomas Serjeant Painter Burglary London Maitland
George Smith Farmer's man & shepherd House breaking Brighton Merton
Thomas Stacey Farmer's man Highway robbery Surrey Brisbane Water
John Taafe Boatman House breaking Manchester Maitland
John Thorneycroft Farmer's man House breaking Northampton Paterson
Thomas Topping Farmer's man Burglary Durham Paterson
James Trowd Farm boy Stealing flour Hants Hunter River
William Walker Labourer Stealing London Paterson
Edward Wallace Gentleman's servant Robbing lodgings Reading Upper Hunter
Phillips West Farmer's man/ shoemaker Stealing Wiltshire Brisbane Water
John Williams Butcher Sheep stealing Somersetshire Brisbane Water

 

 



 

 








 

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