The St. Vincent transported prisoners from Ireland to New
South Wales in 1837.
Prisoners were escorted from county
gaols to Cork and Dublin by military escorts. The
Blackburn Standard reported on 24th August 1836.....Conveyance
of prisoners has much improved this year both in security and
despatch. Under the well-timed arrangements made by the military
authorities, who have relief escorts ready to the hour at the
various stages, no delay occurs in transferring a very troublesome
and dangerous charge from one to the other. The convicts which left
this city (Limerick) on Monday, arrived in Cork next morning, and
were put on board the hulk Surprise the same day.
Guard for the St. Vincent consisted of Lieut. Donald
Stewart of the 3rd East Kent Regiment, Lieut. Sculley 80th regiment
and 30 rank and file 28th and 80th regiments, six women and seven
children. They embarked at Deptford on 8th August 1836 and the
vessel then proceeded to Dublin and Cork to board the prisoners.
Select here to find convicts
ships bringing detachments of the 80th regiment.
Henderson kept a Medical Journal from 13 July 1836 to 18 January
Two hundred and twenty-four male
convicts were ordered to be embarked on the St. Vincent
however there were not enough to complete that number in the hulks
at Kingstown and so the remainder were taken from Cork.
Between the 30th August and the 6th September one hundred and twenty
convicts were embarked from the Essex Hulk and Dublin. Two
were returned and the vessel sailed for Cork with 118 prisoners. At
Cork on 10th September seventy-three men were embarked from the
Surpise Hulk making a total of one hundred and ninety one men.
(1) Ten free settlers, sons of convicts who already resided in
New South Wales, were given a passage by the State Government. (One
was 12 year old John Healy).
The crimes committed by the
convicts of the St. Vincent included picking pockets, stealing
clothing, stealing livestock, larceny, perjury, assault, desertion,
manslaughter, bigamy, swindling, rape and murder. One man James
McLouglin a former solder was sentenced to 7 years transportation
for suffering a prisoner to escape from the gaol. There were several
who were transported for firearm and white boy offences.
The St. Vincent departed Cork on 13 September 1836.
After a voyage of 115 days, they anchored at Port
Jackson on 5th January 1837 having made no stops on the voyage.
Three prisoners died on the passage out.
Andrew Henderson was
an experienced surgeon having also served on the convicts ships
Admiral in 1833 and the Aurora in 1835 (VDL).
in his journal that in general the health and appearance of the
convicts on embarkation was good and continued to be so for the rest
of the voyage. He had never on any of his other
voyages expended so little medicine.
Notes and Links:
A plan of the vessel St. Vincent
Hunter Valley convicts arriving on the St. Vincent in 1837
3). Kilkenny Assizes - William Quinlan was placed at the bar
charged with stealing a were, the property of Martin Brennan at
Bawnmore, on the 12th April last. The prisoner pleaded guilty, but
subsequently withdrew that plea, and said he'd go to trial. The jury
found a verdict of guilty. The prisoner said he was drunk when he
took the sheep, but acknowledged that he was sober when he sold it.
He was sentenced to transportation for life. - Freeman's Journal
19 July 1836
4). County of Antrim Assizes. The court
opened this morning at ten o'clock. After a petit jury had been
sworn, the following trials were proceeded with: Thomas Spence,
James Marshall and William Marshall were indicted for a burglary in
the house of David Cameron, at Dromore, on 31 April last, and taking
several articles there from. Spence, guilty, the others not guilty -
sentence of death recorded against him. James Marshall and William
Marshall, for receiving a gun the property of David Cameron, sen.,
and a body coat, the property of David Cameron jun, on 3rd April
last, at Dromore. Guilty; James to be imprisoned for twelve months,
and William to be transported for seven years. Freeman's Journal
19 July 1836
Detachments of the 80th regiment arrived the Lady Kennaway, Lloyds,
Bengal Merchant, Asia,
Earl Grey, St. Vincent,
1). Medical Journal of Andrew Henderson,
Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857. Original
data: Admiralty and predecessors: Office of the Director General of
the Medical Department of the Navy and predecessors: Medical
Journals (ADM 101, 804 bundles and volumes). The National
Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.