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Convict Ship Theresa 1839

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A B C D E F G H I
                 
J -K L M N - O P - Q R S T - V W - Y


Embarked: 266 men
Voyage: 112 days
Deaths: 2
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous vessel: Margaret arrived 5 January 1839
Next vessel: Planter arrived 9 March 1839
Master Walter Young
Surgeon Superintendent Edward Hilditch R.N.





The Theresa left Deptford on 28 September 1838 bound for Woolwich where she received 200 male prisoners the following day and 66 more on 2nd October.

Many of the prisoners of the Theresa had been held in prison hulks prior to embarkation. Select here to read a Prison Hulk Report describing a typical week in the life of convicts incarcerated in the Hulks in 1838.

The Theresa departed Portsmouth with 264 male prisoners on 10 October 1838, did not touch anywhere, and arrived at Port Jackson on 31 January 1839. The voyage had taken 112 days.

Edward Hilditch kept a Medical Journal from 8 September 1838 to 7 February 1839. He reported that the convicts were generally healthy but emaciated, especially those from the Fortitude hulk at Chatham. With few exceptions, their health improved on the voyage. There were a few cases of scurvy at the end of the voyage, one of which was severe and accompanied by gastric irritability and febrile action. The others would not have been placed in the sick list only that they might be sent to the hospital on the ship's arrival.

On the voyage, the prisoners were put into three divisions and sent on deck to wash one division at a time, in the mornings. Breakfast was at 8am followed by cleaning and inspection of the lower deck. Dinner was at 1pm and supper at 5pm. Two divisions of prisoners were always on deck during the day when the weather permitted. They were made to exercise in various ways such as dancing, boxing or running round the deck. At sunset they were sent below and the prison secured. The bedding was aired twice a week and the lower deck fumigated with chloride of lime at the same time. The same measures were used with the soldier's barracks. In wet weather bedding was put under a tarpaulin in the long boat.

Two convicts died on the passage out, both were worn out, debilitated men.

Officers of the Guard were Captain Samuel Lettsom and Ensign Cookney of the 80th regiment accompanied by 31 rank and file of the 51st and 30th regiments.


Notes & Links:

1). Edward Hilditch was also surgeon on the convict ship Susan in 1837 (to VDL)

2). Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the Theresa in 1839

3). Detachments of the 80th regiment arrived the Lady Kennaway, Lloyds, Norfolk, Bengal MerchantAsia, Captain Cook, Earl Grey, St. Vincent, John, Prince George, Mangles, Heber, Theresa, Calcutta and Eden.



 

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